The objective of this module is to review elements of forest ecology directly relevant to seed and vegetative regeneration and ecosystem processes related to the growth of a forest. An objective of this module is to refresh your understanding of important plant science terminology and concepts. A further objective is to introduce you to the ecosystem paradigm and to the principles of ecosystem ecology as a way to manage trees for restoration or plantation development.
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
- Explain the pattern of the growth of trees individually and in stands as a basis for understanding the dynamics of forest growth and the development of crown classes;
- Define two contrasting stand structures resulting from forest regeneration (even-aged stands and mixed-age stands) following disturbance;
- Identify the main strategies for regeneration (seeders and sprouters);
- Explain the ecosystem paradigm and describe the key ecosystem processes of carbon and nutrient cycling;
- Define and describe the concept of net primary productivity; and
- Describe in detail nutrient cycling in forests, and explain how these cycles contribute to maintaining forest productivity.