Leptobryum pyriforme (Hedw.) Wilson


This species is typically found growing in areas in which the earth has been disturbed. They are especially common in forests that have been burnt. Other natural habitats include cliffs in the forest as well as on logs in shaded areas of the woods. Not only is this plant considered a greenhouse weed, but it is also found in gardens and on concrete walls. The distribution of Leptobryum pyriforme is nearly cosmopolitan, found in all continents other than Antarctica. However, it is more common in climates that are temperate.


Overall structure:

Leptobryum pyriforme shoots (moist)These plants, which form loose to dense turfs, are silky, small and their color can range from light green to yellow-green.






Leptobryum pyriforme stem leafThe leaves, which are slender and linear-lanceolate, are slightly contorted and hair-like when dry. However, when they are moist, they become strongly divergent. Furthermore, they typically tend to be clustered near the top of the stem and can be up to 6 mm long. The costa of L. pyriforme is broad and extends to the tip of the leaf, which is toothed at the apex.




Leaf cell:

Leptobryum pyriforme leaf cellsThe cells found in the leaves are generally long, smooth and narrow.







The erect stem, which isn’t usually branched, can reach heights of approximately 1 cm.


The dark brown rhizoids of this species can sometimes be visible near the base of the stem, which can be a useful characteristic when trying to identify this species.

Asexual Reproduction:

Leptobryum pyriforme rhizoidal tuberAsexual reproduction is accomplished by the production of tubers, which can occur in abundance. They are typically dark purplish-brown or black in color, club-shaped and can be found on the protonema or the stem.




Overall structure:

The sporophytes of this species are common.


Leptobryum pyriforme sporangiaThe sporangium of L. pyriforme is shiny and golden-brown in color. Furthermore, it is nodding and pear-shaped, which are distinctive characteristics.


Leptobryum pyriforme sporangium with operculum



The operculum, when present, is conic in shape.





Leptobryum pyriforme sporangium with peristome teeth

The peristome teeth are light yellow in color.








The seta ranges between 1-3 cm in length and is shiny.


The spores of this species are finely papillose.


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