Less and Less Baby Polar Bears with Melting Arctic Ice

We all know of the strong correlation between changes in the environment and the polar bears,but a recent study suggests that the population of this species, Ursus maritimus, could be in real danger with the decline of Arctic sea ice specifically in our country’s Hudson Bay.

Source: Flickr

Article published on February 8th, 2011 in Nature Communications outlines a study conducted by Peter K. Molnar et al. from the University of Alberta who used mechanistic models to predict changes in litter size of cub polar bears for pregnant females in the western Hudson Bay population under expected changes in sea ice.

Sea ice is vital for the polar bears because during the winter feeding season they rely on the solid floes to take them near the waters where there are lots of food source – seals. But with temperatures rising and early breakup of the ice sheets, the bears are forced ashore sooner than in the past. Moreover, “on shore, there is no food available for them,” as the lead author of the study puts it. Thus the bears, particularly females of reproductive age, are storing up less energy for the months that they have to hibernate during pregnancy.

The researchers found that ~28% of pregnant females already failed to reproduce for energetic reasons during the 1990s. Using mechanistic models, they predicted that if spring sea ice break-up happens 1 month earlier than during the 1990s – 40-73% of pregnant female polar bears could fail to reproduce, and if the break-up happens 2 month earlier55-100% could fail. On a global perspective, the study states that a similar litter size decline trend may be found in over 1/3 of the polar bear population.

What’s even more discouraging is that “the litter size predictions provided in this study serve as another indicator that the western Hudson Bay population will probably not remain viable under predicted climatic conditions” as the article states.

Heart wenching video that hits home of malnourished  mother polar bear and starving cubs as an example of the conditions that polar bears are and will be facing in the future with current climate change conditions. A Warming Climate Takes its Toll on the Polar Bears of Hudson Bay by Daniel J. Cox


2 responses to “Less and Less Baby Polar Bears with Melting Arctic Ice

  1. garkin pretty much hit the nail on the head. Considering the relative absence of polar bears in the majority of peoples lives, I always wondered how they became the focus of such a voluminous amount of research. I forget the commercial, but they are even being used to sell “green” cars that will apparently reduce global warming and reduce ice cap melting etc. That said, if the rallying cry of the bear can raise awareness and educate the masses about this frankly very pressing issue, does it really what species becomes the mascot?

  2. The polar bear has definitely become the unofficial mascot for global warming and climate change. When people think about the negative effects associated with global warming, the polar bear definitely surfaces in many people’s mind. Thus it is not surprising that polar bears and their correlation with climate change have become hot topics for research and have also grabbed the attention of the media. Videos like the one posted, simply remind us that society must alter our habits in order to reduce global warming and hence prevent such events from occurring in the future. It would be really unfortunate if such a fascinating animal were to become extinct due to our irresponsible actions.