IKBLC 24/7 Study Hours

As we head into final exams, the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre will stay open longer to accommodate students and their study schedules. The Learning Centre will be open 24 hours a day from Sunday, December 2 (opening at 6 a.m.) to Tuesday, December 18 (closing at 1 a.m.).

Please note that this opening DOES NOT include: Level 1 (the lower level), the Chapman Learning Commons, Music, Art and Architecture Library or Ike’s Cafe. 

During the 24/7 opening period, regular cleaning of study spaces will continue. The computer workstations on Level 2 will remain open.

If you are planning to stay overnight at UBC or have an early exam, check out the Commuter Student Hostel, where you can book accommodation online.

Not sure where to go on campus? Travelling late at night? Afraid of going alone? Contact Safewalk, a free service that provides a co-ed team to take you anywhere you need to go on campus. Don’t walk alone – add Safewalk to your phone: 604-822-5355. 

The weather outside might be frightful, but inside Rare Books and Special Collections is so delightful. To warm your heart and ward off any winter blues, we have put together a selection of winter-themed items from our archival and library collections. The display features photographs and postcards from the Uno Langmann Family Collection of B.C. Photographs, original drawings from the H. Bullock-Webster fonds, and a variety of books and pamphlets, including a number of items from the Arkley Collection of Early and Historical Children’s Literature.

The display is free and open to the public at Rare Books and Special Collections through the end of January 2019. The RBSC reading room is open Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more information, please contact Rare Books and Special Collections at (604) 822-2521 or rare.books@ubc.ca.

And if you need more holiday cheer in your life, our colleagues at David Lam Library and the Canaccord Learning Commons will be hosting a Winter Celebration Event on Friday, November 30, from 1-3 p.m. Join them for an afternoon of wonder with singing, hot apple cider, and maple cookies. You will also have a chance to take pictures with Santa and craft personalized cards and gift tags that you can bring home! Oh what fun!

After the event, you can begin your countdown to Christmas with the Canaccord Learning Commons’ advent calendar.

A herbal is part of a genre of books that features lists of plants with accompanying descriptions of their properties. John Gerard’s The herball, or, Generall historie of plants (1597) is a quintessential 16th century example. The text drew from earlier herbals: it was commissioned as an English translation of a Dutch herbal, Rembert Dodoens’ Stirpium historiae pemptades sex (1583). In fact, there is some controversy surrounding the work’s origin: Gerard was accused of plagiarism for borrowing portions of an unfinished translation without citation. Even so, it is one of the most famous English herbals.

UBC Library’s copy of The herball, or, Generall historie of plantes (1597) was digitized as part of the Western Manuscripts and Early Printed Books collection. Most plants discussed in the text feature accompanying illustrations – here are some of our favorites.

These full-page spreads of daffodils and marigolds include beautiful detail of the bulbs and roots:

John Gerard made some additions to The herball that were not in the original. Because of his contributions, The herball featured the first illustrations of a potato plant to appear in any herbal:

But, you don’t want to eat these “stinking and deadly carrots”:

Have you ever seen a saffron plant? The book features several different varieties:

Beer enthusiasts may be interested in this description and illustrations of hops:

Finally, here is the book’s illustration of an almond tree:


Taylor & Francis ebooks:


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Off-Campus access via EZproxy is down. We are working on it. Stay Tuned!

LAW LIBRARY level 3: KE4452 .M377 2018
Sarah Grayce Marsden, Enforcing Exclusion: Precarious Migrants and the Law in Canada (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2018).

LAW LIBRARY reference room (level 2): KD7512 .S79 2018
Charles Hollander, Documentary Evidence, 13th ed. (London: Sweet & Maxwell/Thomson Reuters, 2018).

LAW LIBRARY level 3: KNX3037 .M38 2019
Shigenori Matsui, Law and Disaster: Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Meltdown in Japan (Abingdon: Routledge, 2019).
Online access: http://resolve.library.ubc.ca/cgi-bin/catsearch?bid=9365997

Webcast sponsored by the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre and hosted by alumniUBC

Throughout his career, including his three terms as mayor of the City of Calgary, Naheed Nenshi has always emphasized the importance of civic engagement. On November 1st, join fellow UBC alumni, students, and friends in Vancouver for the next Master Mind Master Class where he will deliver the talk “Creating the Cities and Country We Deserve.”

The Master Mind Master Class speaker series is an alumni UBC program that offers an unprecedented look into the minds of modern thinkers making a unique impact on the world, and the lessons they’ve learned.

Speaker Biography
Naheed Nenshi, A’paistootsiipsii, was sworn in as Calgary’s 36th mayor on October 25, 2010 and was re-elected in 2013 and 2017.

Prior to being elected, Mayor Nenshi was with McKinsey and Company, later forming his own business to help public, private and non-profit organizations grow. He designed policy for the Government of Alberta, helped create a Canadian strategy for The Gap, Banana Republic and Old Navy, and worked with the United Nations to determine how business can help the poorest people on the planet. He then entered academia, where he was Canada’s first tenured professor in the field of nonprofit management, at Mount Royal University’s Bissett School of Business.

For his work, Mayor Nenshi was named a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum, was awarded the President’s Award from the Canadian Institute of Planners, and received the Humanitarian Award from the Canadian Psychological Association for his contributions to community mental health. In 2013, after his stewardship of the community during devastating flooding, Maclean’s magazine called him the second-most influential person in Canada, after the Prime Minister. He was also awarded the 2014 World Mayor Prize by the UK-based City Mayor’s Foundation as the best mayor in the world.

In 2014, he was also honoured by Elder Pete Standing Alone with the Blackfoot name A’paistootsiipsii, which means “Clan Leader” or “He who moves camp and the others follow”. In 2016, Elder Bruce Starlight of the Tsuu T’ina First Nation honoured him with the name Iitiya: “Always Ready”.

Mayor Nenshi holds a Bachelor of Commerce (with distinction) from the University of Calgary, where he was President of the Students’ Union, and a Master in Public Policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he studied as a Kennedy Fellow.

Moderator Biography
Anita Bathe

As the lead reporter for CBC News at 6pm, Anita Bathe takes viewers through some of the most important stories happening around Metro Vancouver and the Fraser Valley every night. Anita is an award-winning journalist for her coverage of breaking news.  She has been awarded two local BCAB awards, two local RTDNA awards, a national RTDNA, and the Jack Webster Fellowship. Her job is different every day and that’s what she loves about it.  One day she will be out covering the latest news on BC’s premier, the next day she may be braving the elements bringing live coverage of the latest snowfall.

When she’s not working, Anita enjoys experiencing new places and new cultures through travel. She can also be found reading a good book or attempting to cook up a new dish.

Did you know that there were actually three incarnations of the Hotel Vancouver? One of Canada’s grand railway hotels, Hotel Vancouver has a rich history beginning with its initial construction in 1888. This post uses images and publications from the Chung Collection to trace its history, from the first Hotel Vancouver to its present-day incarnation as the Fairmont Hotel Vancouver.

First Hotel Vancouver

The first Hotel Vancouver opened in 1888, located at the corner of Granville and Georgia. This five-story hotel was built and managed by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

This short description of the hotel appeared in CPR pamphlets:

The Company have just completed this magnificent hotel, designed to accommodate the large commercial business of the place, as well as the great number of tourists who will always find it profitable and interesting to make here a stop of a day or two, whether travelling east or west. It is situated on high ground near the centre of the city, and from it there is a glorious outlook in every direction. No effort has been spared in making its accommodations and service perfect in every detail, and in the matters of cuisine, furnishings and sanitary arrangements it will compare favorably with the best hotels in Eastern Canada or the United States.

Rates :   three dollars to four dollars and fifty cents per day, with special terms for a longer time.

The Canadian Pacific : the new highway to the Orient across the mountains, prairies and rivers of Canada, 1889

Below are some illustrations of the first Hotel Vancouver:

Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, BC, [between 1890 and 1899?].

The Canadian Pacific : the new highway to the Orient across the mountains, prairies and rivers of Canada, [1900?], p. 43.

Banff and the lakes in the clouds reached by the Canadian Pacific Railway, [1886?], p. 21.


Second Hotel Vancouver

The first Hotel Vancouver existed until 1916, when it was replaced by the second Hotel Vancouver at the same location. The second hotel Vancouver was a more elaborate construction than the first – this 14-story building was designed in the grand Italianite revival style.

[Second] Vancouver Hotel, Vancouver, BC, [191-?].

Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, BC, [1916?].

At this time, travelers had many options for CPR hotels to stop at across the country. This 1916 directory of CPR hotels also lists nearby attractions and activities – golf, motoring, fishing, and steamboat excursions were advertised in Vancouver:

Resorts in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, 1916.

In 1931, the CPR published a pamphlet about the hotel, including hotel offerings, interior photographs, floor plans, and nearby points of interest for travelers. Click the cover below to explore the full pamphlet in Open Collections:

Hotel Vancouver, 1931

In addition, you can explore menus from the hotel like this one:

Musical programme and dinner menu from Hotel Vancouver for 25 Dec. 1928

Although the second Hotel Vancouver closed in 1939, the building remained standing until 1949, when it was finally torn down. It was even used as an army barracks during World War II. Today, the Pacific Centre shopping mall stands at the same location.


Third Hotel Vancouver

The third Hotel Vancouver was built in 1939 at Burrard and Georgia, where it still stands today. It was designed in the Châteauesque architecture style, based on French Renaissance architecture. The third Hotel Vancouver was completed jointly by Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway.

[Hotel Vancouver], [1939]

Check out this pamphlet advertising the hotel from around 1940 – click through to view the other pages in Open Collections:

Hotel Vancouver : one of Canada’s finest hotels, [not before 1940]

Here is the Hotel Vancouver’s page in a Canada Pacific Hotel pamphlet from 1958, including a colour photograph:

Canadian Pacific Hotels from sea to sea, 1958

The ownership of the hotel switched back and forth between Canadian Pacific Hotels and Canadian National Hotels (divisions of CPR and CNR, respectively) over the next several decades. Since 2001, the Hotel Vancouver ­– renamed as the Fairmont Hotel Vancouver – is run by Fairmont Hotels.

You can find more materials about the Hotel Vancouver, and the other Canadian Pacific Railway hotels, in the Chung Collection.


Bed and breakfast industry overview

Bed and breakfasts are small inns that offer personal service, often in private homes, and include a breakfast in the room price. This post will provide those interested in the bed and breakfast industry information about current industry trends and challenges.

Market reports that include information about bed and breakfast often include information about all facilities that offer short-term lodging, including hotels and motels. Key external factors that influence businesses in this industry include per capita disposable income, travel, and corporate profit (Couillard, 2018). Entrepreneurs who are interested in entering this industry should consider whether they have access to a workforce, enjoying working with customers closely, and if they are located in a market that attracts tourism (Couillard, 2018). Recommendations are a very important success factor in this industry (Couillard, 2018).


There are a variety of accommodation services that compete with bed and breakfasts, including hotels, motels, cottages and cabins, and others. All together, Canada has 12,313 business that fall into these categories. Within the larger umbrella category of “Traveller Accommodation”, in 2016, there were 14,218 businesses, which made an average yearly revenue of 571.4 thousand dollars (Government of Canada, 2018). In addition, 74% of these businesses were profitable. Most bed and breakfasts have no employees, which you can see in comparison of the two charts below.

This chart below show how the number of bed and breakfast with employees, in grey, compares to the number of other accommodation services in each province/territory.

bar chart displaying number of accommodations services in different provinces with employees

Statistics Canada.Table 33-10-0092-01   Canadian Business Counts, with employees, June 2018

The chart below show how the number of bed and breakfast without employees, in grey, compares to the number of other accommodation services in each province/territory.  As you can see, most bed and breakfast establishments have no employees aside from the owners.

bar chart displaying number of accommodations services in different provinces without employees

Statistics Canada. Table 33-10-0094-01 Canadian Business Counts, without employees, June 2018

British Columbia

The prevalence of bed and breakfast accommodations without employees continues in BC, as you can see from this side by side comparison:

two pie charts side by side showing number of accommodation services in BC with and without employees

In British Columbia, 88% of bed and breakfast accommodations do not have employees; there are a total of 686 bed and breakfast accommodations in the province (Statistics Canada.Table 33-10-0092-01   Canadian Business Counts, with employees, June 2018, Statistics Canada. Table 33-10-0094-01 Canadian Business Counts, without employees, June 2018).

Airbnb vs Bed and Breakfasts: What’s the Difference?

Airbnb is a booking platform that is part of the sharing economy, allowing home owners and renters to put their extra space on the market for short term rentals through their website. This presents a large source of competition to bed and breakfast owners, as they are offering a similar service; however, Airbnb hosts do not typically include breakfast with their room bookings.

In the past, Airbnb hosts were operating as unregulated businesses, with no formal requirements placed on their ability to provide short-term rentals (Mangione, 2018). BC has recently introduced regulation for Airbnb rentals. Airbnb hosts must collect sales taxes (Harper, 2018), and, as of April 2018, must be licensed and comply with a number of safety regulations (Mangione, 2018). This makes the operating requirements for Airbnb hosts similar to bed and breakfast operating requirements. In both cases, hosts must live on the property.

For more information about Airbnb licensing in BC, please check your municipality’s requirements. References to Vancouver’s licensing processes (City of Vancouver, n.d.), Airbnb’s information page (Airbnb, Inc., n.d.), and BC’s strata by-laws (Government of British Columbia, 2018) are included at the bottom of the page.

Industry Trends

This industry has a high rate of competition, which is only increasing with the infiltration of Airbnb listings into the market. However, part of the appeal of Airbnb is the home feel of the accommodation, which bed and breakfasts already provide to their guests (Couillard, 2018). It is essential that bed and breakfasts are aware of the prices that other accommodations are offering for their rooms so that they can price or offer discounts to their guests accordingly. In addition, because there are many large hotel chains that travellers may already have membership to, bed and breakfasts should distinguish themselves from the competition by providing something unique to the industry or the area they operate in (Couillard, 2018). Many bed and breakfasts are also adopting Airbnb to run their online booking services, turning the platform from competition to their business into a tool for booking customers. 

Additional trends in the industry include:

  • Flexible check-out times;
  • Smart room keys: allowing guests to use their phones to open their rooms
  • Increasing use of analytics: analyzing customer behaviour is allowing those in the accommodation business to improve the services they offer
  • Wellness vacations: increasingly, people are interested in incorporating activities such as cycling and yoga into their travel plans
  • Personalization of services: increased collection of customer information is allowing hotels to offer personalized services and promotions

(The Business Research Company, 2017)

Financially, this industry is considered mature and industry revenue is expected to grow at roughly the same rate as the economy over the next 5 years (Couillard, 2018).

Below is a breakdown of how industry revenue is generally divided in comparison with sector revenue, which includes all accommodation and food services.

sector vs industry costs vsual breakdown from Couillard 2018

(Couillard, 2018)

Additional Resources

Below are some resources to help you get started on your business research.


Magazines and Trade Journals

InnFocus Magazine
A publication from the BC Hotel Association, available for free online. Published quarterly.

Hospitality Today
An online multimedia publication for owners in the hospitality industry.


If you would like to access more resources, the Bed and Breakfast Guide is designed to help prospective and existing bed and breakfast business owners gather information for their secondary market research. The guide is broken down into four main sections that cover how to start your research, industry information, competitive information and customer information. Depending on your needs you can spend as much or as little time as necessary in each section.

If you find that you need more guidance before starting your secondary research, check out The Beginner's Guide to Business Research; it will help you focus on what types of information you will need to gather and why they are important. The SBA is also available to provide assistance through our Contact Us page.


Industry Trends

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