Today, UBC Library has 15 branches in 12 locations that provide a variety of programs and services. The Digitization Centre is located in Irving K. Barber Learning Centre (IKBLC) on UBC’s Vancouver campus. A previous post explored how IKBLC has changed since the first Main Library was built, so we will delve into the history of UBC Library buildings from UBC Archives Photograph Collection.

Asian Library

The Asian Library provides services relevant to Asian language materials and is currently located in the Asian Centre. Prior to the Asian Library being officially designated a UBC Library branch in 1975, all the Asian language materials were stored in the Main Library.

UBC 1.1/9121. Asian studies desk in Main Library. 1971.

Banham, Jim. UBC 41.1/981-2. Move of Asian Studies Library to Asian Centre, 1981.

Biomedical Branch Library

The Biomedical Branch Library is located in the Diamond Health Care Centre. It opened at Vancouver General Hospital in 1952 as the first official branch of the Main Library, and moved to its present location in the newly constructed Faculty of Medicine wing in 1957.

UBC 81.1/5. Faculty of Medicine building (Vancouver General Hospital) entrance, 1958.

David Lam Management Research Library

The David Lam Management Research Library provides library programs and services for the areas of business administration and commerce and is located in UBC Sauder School of Business at Vancouver campus. The library opened in 1985 with a donation from Dr. David See-Chai Lam, British Columbia’s former Lieutenant-Governor. It officially became a branch of UBC Library in 1993.

UBC 8.1/108. David Lam Research Library plaque, 1986.

UBC 44.1/3103. David Lam pours concrete for construction of David Lam Management Research Centre, 1991.

UBC 44.1/2828b. David Lam Management Research Centre, 1996.

Walter C. Koerner Library

We can trace the history of the Walter C. Koerner Library back to 1960, when the Main Library was the only building UBC Library managed. In 1960, the College Library was established inside the Main Library to provide library services for first- and second-year students. It changed its name to Sedgewick Library in 1964, in honour of Dr. Garnett Sedgewick, a former professor and head of the Department of English. As its collection grew, UBC Library opened a new building for Sedgewick in the current location of Koerner Library in 1973.

UBC 1.1/2327. Entrance to Sedgewick Library, [between 1960 and 1969].

Banham, Jim. UBC 41.1/2306. Sedgewick Library, 1973.

UBC 41.1/2247-2. Sedgewick Library stairwell, 1975.

Construction of Koerner Library began in 1995 by adding 7,000 square metres to 10,200 square metres of the renovated space from Sedgewick Library. The current library name is in honour of Walter Charles Koerner, a Canadian businessman who generously supported the construction of the library in addition to other philanthropic contributions to the University overall.

UBC 44.1/3082. Construction of Koerner Library, 1995.

UBC 44.1/3152. View of area for W. C. Koerner Library opening ceremonies, 1997.


Law Library

The Law Library is located in Peter A. Allard School of Law at Vancouver campus. It was formed in 1945, and initially housed in a World War II army hut. As a result of contributions from donors, the library moved to a new law building in 1951, and redesigned its space in 1975, concurrently with the renovation of the George F. Curtis Faculty of Law building.

UBC 3.1/613. Huts behind library.

UBC 1.1/5748-2. Students in Law Library, 1952.


Woodward Library

Woodward Library is located inside of the Instructional Resources Centre (IRC), and its collection covers a range of medicine and science fields. The initial division started from the Medical Reading Room in the Main Library in 1950. The Woodward Library was opened in 1964 named after Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward’s Foundation. After expanding its space in 1970, the Library absorbed the collections of MacMillan Library, closed in 2007, in the area of Land and Food Systems and Forestry in 2006, and Science and Engineering collections from the Main Library in 2013.

UBC 1.1/11465-1. MacMillan Library showing the bookshelves, 1967.

UBC 3.1/1234-2. Woodward Biomedical architectural sketches, 1963.

UBC 3.1/1240. Sign announcing the building of Woodward Library, [between 1960 and 1969].

UBC 3.1/1451-1. View of Woodward Library, 1964.

Holborne, Peter. UBC 1.1/12478. Woodward Biomedical Library, 1971.

Xwi7xwa Library

Xwi7xwa Library is the only Indigenous branch of an academic library in Canada, and officially became a branch of UBC Library in 2005. It is located at the eastern end of the Longhouse, built in 1993. The building’s design is modeled after structures built by Interior Salish nations, called Kekuli in the chinook language, a pit house in English, and S7ístken in Ucwalmícwts (Lil’wat nation).

UBC 106.1/22. Construction of Xwi7xwa Library, 1993.


We hope you will visit each branch and experience the history and evolution of UBC Library. Visit UBC Archives Photograph Collection to find more library photographs.


The first photographic technologies were invented and developed during the 1830s and 1840s. Among more than 56,000 available photographs in UBC Open Collections, many of our oldest photographs were taken in the early periods of photographic history.


1835: View of the Beaver (grounded) in Burrard Inlet, B. C.

You can find the oldest photographs we have in the UBC Library Framed Works Collection, which include two pictures of the Beaver, the first wooden paddle steamer on the Northwest Coast. The steamship started its sailing on May 2, 1835, near London, England and arrived at Vancouver on April 10, 1836. In 1888, the steamer was wrecked in the First Narrows in Vancouver Harbour.


[View of the Beaver (grounded) in Burrard Inlet, B. C.], [1835].

[View of the Beaver in Burrard Inlet, B.C.], [1835].


1854: Early timber cruisers beside their makeshift accommodation

MacMillan Bloedel Limited fonds contain the records of the MacMillan Bloedel Ltd and are housed in UBC Rare Books and Special Collections. The collection has more than 2,500 images documenting the history of the forestry company and its predecessors. The oldest pictures of the timber cruisers and makeshift accommodations were known to be taken in 1854, prior to when the original company, Powell River Power Company, was launched in 1909 by two entrepreneurs.


Early timber cruisers beside their makeshift accommodation, [1854?].

Early timber cruisers beside their makeshift accommodation, [1854?].


1859: Florence Nightingale

In the Florence Nightingale Letters Collection, you can find 188 letters written from and to Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) and 15 photographs relevant to her. Our oldest photographic portrait of her was taken in 1850s, before she started the first professional nurses training school, the Nightingale Training School (Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery at Kins College London) in 1860.


Florence Nightingale, [between 1850 to 1859].

How can you find our oldest photographs in Open Collections?

If you would like to explore more vintage photographs, you can search them in Open Collections as follows:

1. Go to Open Collections ( and click a search button without any keywords.

2. Select “Photographs” in Genre.

3. Select “Sort oldest to newest”.

4. Filter by “Date Range” from 1835. (If you don’t set the date range, you will see the materials whose dates are unknown.)



See also



This year, UBC spring graduation ceremonies take place on May 22-24 and 27-30 at our Vancouver campus, and June 6-7 at our Okanagan campus. Congratulations to all of the new graduates!

In Open Collections, you can find photographs of past graduation ceremonies in the UBC Archives Photograph Collection:


UBC 1.1/13351. First Congregation program cover, 1912.


UBC 156.1/200. Congregation procession, 1924.


UBC 1.1/12136-2. View of students at spring congregation, 1938.











UBC 3.1/177-6. View of Congregation ceremony, 1946.


UBC 1.1/12155-3. View of congregation, 1966.


UBC 35.1/86-7. Conferring degrees at Congregation, 1981.


UBC 35.1/195-5. View of audience at Congregation, 1991.


UBC 35.1/508. Honorary degree recipient Irving Barber speaking at Congregation, 2002.


Also, in the UBC Congregation Video Collection, you can find video recordings of graduation or congregation ceremonies from 1986 to 2018.


Watch video!

University of British Columbia Ceremonies and Events Office. UBC Congregation Ceremony [1986_05_28_am], 1986.


You can find more resources in our Open Collections. Have a wonderful graduation ceremony this year!


In 1973 library and clerical workers on university and college campuses across British Columbia began organizing as a union in order to represent their collective interests. Workers at University of British Columbia (Local 1), Simon Fraser University (Local 2), Notre Dame University of Nelson (Local 3), Capilano College (Local 4), College of New Caledonia (Local 5), and the Teaching Support Staff at S.F.U. (Local 6) organized over the next two years to collectively form the provincial wide and independent union, the Association of University and College Employees (AUCE).


Association of University and College Employees. Communications (2 of 2), 1980.


AUCE 1 was the first union in Canada to negotiate maternity leave benefits, a historic win for Canadians across the country and still a leave provision that is envied by many countries around the world. Over the next decade AUCE also fought for fair wages, transparent job classifications, child care, and a discrimination-free workplace for people of all genders, sexualities, races, and ethnicities.


Association of University and College Employees. [Provincial Bargaining Strategies conference records], 1982.


The recently launched AUCE Fonds digital collection is a project that was undertaken with the support of CUPE 2950 – Clerical, Library and Theatre Workers at the University of British Columbia and the British Columbia History Digitization Program. With the project having finished its first year, the AUCE Fonds project has made available 13,000 pages of more than 3,100 digital objects and digitization is continuing into the second year of the project.


Association of University and College Employees. Cap Communicator (vol. 2, no. 3), 1977.


In 1987, AUCE members voted to become a chartered local union of the CUPE, CUPE Local 2950. They are an operating local chapter today and is one of the first trade unions in the province to make its records freely available. The digitized materials include newsletters, meeting minutes, correspondence, collective agreements, and ephemera and will appeal to researchers in labour studies, women’s studies, political science, economics, and sociology.


Association of University and College Employees. [Organizing new locals], 1981.


Explore the collection through the following themes:

Materials are still being digitized and added to the collection.

For more information on the project and to view the growing collection, please visit Due to copyright and privacy concerns, some items have been redacted and others have not been digitized. Please visit the RBSC finding aid to explore the fonds in full.


Charles Darwin (1809-1882), a world-famous naturalist who introduced the concept of natural selection, was known to have exchanged letters with colleagues to discuss their shared interests in nature and animals. In one of our Open Collections, Charles Darwin Letters, you can browse 52 digitized letters written to and from Darwin. This post will explore two sub-collections acquired by UBC Woodward Library.

Darwin-Burdon-Sanderson Letters – 1873-1881

Darwin-Burdon-Sanderson Letters collection has about 40 handwritten letters corresponded between Charles Darwin and John Scott Burdon-Sanderson (1828-1905), an English physiologist and the first Superintendent of the Brown Animal Sanatory Institution. Woodward Library purchased the letters as a part of a collection from Dr. Hugh M. Sinclair (1910-1990), a lecturer in physiology and biochemistry at Magdalen College, Oxford in 1966.

In 1873, Darwin and Burdon-Sanderson started their collaborative research on insect-eating plants, particularly Drosera and Dionaea. Their letters in our collection, exchanged during 1873-1881, discussed their experiments on the plants’ digestive powers and leaf movements. Eventually, Darwin published the results of their research as part of his book, Insectivorous Plants (1875).

Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882.  [Letter, Charles R. Darwin to John Burdon-Sanderson, June 24, 1873], 1873-06-24.

Fox/Pearce (Darwin) Collection – 1821-1884

Fox/Pearce (Darwin) Collection consists of family records of the Fox branch of Darwin’s family, such as letters, observations, photographs and newspaper clips. Woodward Library purchased the collection from Captain Christopher Pearce, a descendant of the Fox family residing in Vancouver Island in 1970.

One important figure in the collection is Charles Darwin’s second cousin, William Darwin Fox (1805-1880). Like Charles, William was also a naturalist and an entomologist interested in collecting beetles. He was credited as the person who invited Charles to the world of entomology. As close friends, Charles and William maintained their relationship by writing letters to each other and sharing their interests in their fields.

Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882. [Letter, Charles R. Darwin to William Darwin Fox, June 8, 1856], 1856-06-08.

We hope you can find Darwin’s passion and enthusiasm for nature and animals through his handwritten letters. To see all of the physical materials in their entirety, please visit UBC Rare Books and Special Collections.




This is part of a series on web archiving at the UBC Library. For all posts about web archiving, please see

From May 2017 to April 2018, as part of my work as a Digital Projects Student Librarian and a Professional Experience Student at the Digitization Centre, I worked with Larissa Ringham to develop the University of British Columbia Web Archive Collection. This post should give you a sense of why we embarked on this project, some of the major challenges associated with doing large-scale web archiving, and how we adapted or work to address those challenges.

Preserving UBC’s web-based institutional memory

In the past, a major part of UBC’s history was documented in physical records like letters and photographs. After 25 years of public access to the internet, though, many major University activities are documented within websites instead. This presents new challenges for organizations, like the Library, who have an interest in preserving content related to institutional memory. With that in mind, the Digitization Centre decided to develop a new Web Archive collection focused on websites created by UBC faculty, staff, students, administrators, and other community members.


Scaling up from small thematic collections to a large domain crawl

Since the Library started archiving websites in 2013, most collections have been created around a central theme (e.g. the 2017 BC Wildfires collection). These thematic collections have usually included less than 100 target websites (a.k.a. “seeds”), and averaged about 25GB in size. Each site is often crawled individually, and each capture is, ideally, checked by a human for quality issues like missing images.

The universe of UBC-affiliated websites exists on a much larger scale. When we initially ran week-long test crawls of the domain, each of them resulted in about 500GB of captured data from almost 200,000 unique hosts (e.g. We quickly realized we needed to find a way to scale up our workflows to deal with a collection this large.

Selection, appraisal, and scoping: How do we identify and prioritize high-value “seed” websites within, as well as flag content to be excluded?

As of Summer 2017, when we started our test crawls on, Archive-It test crawls could run for a maximum of 7 days. That meant our tests would time out before capturing the full extent of the UBC domain, leaving some content undiscovered. We were also unable to find a comprehensive, regularly updated list of UBC websites that would help us make sure no important sites or subdomains were missed.

Additionally, if saved, each one of our test crawls of would have been large enough to use up our Archive-It storage budget for the year. Even with a one-time doubling of our storage to facilitate this project, we needed to do work to exclude large data-driven sites.

Quality Assurance: How can we identify and fix important capture issues in a scalable way

Manually clicking through and visually examining millions of captured web page would not be possible without an army of Professional Experience students with iron wrists that are miraculously immune to tendonitis.


New workflows, who dis?

After a lot of trial and error, this is how we went about our first successful capture of the domain.

A two-pronged approach to selection, appraisal, and scoping

First, using the results of our first few test crawls, I created a list of all of the third-level * subdomains our crawler found on its journey. Some of these were immediately flagged as out of scope (e.g. or defunct (e.g. The rest were classified by the type of organization or campus activity associated with the subdomain. Sites associated with major academic or administrative bodies (e.g. were added to a list of high-priority websites, and added as a seed in Archive-It where they would be crawled individually and reviewed for issues in closer detail. For each subsequent test crawl, I ran a Python script that compared the results with our master subdomain list, flagging any new third-level subdomains for assessment.

Second, I consulted lists of UBC websites that we felt could reflect their level of usage and/or value for institutional memory. While it’s not always comprehensive or up-to-date, UBC does have an existing website directory. It’s especially helpful for identifying high-priority that aren’t a third-level * subdomain, and for double-checking we’re capturing the websites for all major academic and governing bodies. In addition to that, we used a tool in Wolfram Alpha to get a list of the most-visited * subdomains. This list helped us identify commonly encountered subdomains that exist for functional reasons rather than for hosting content (e.g.

Screenshot of the Google spreadsheet used for tracking potential, selected, and excluded websites. Each row corresponds to a website, and contains data about what stage it's at in the archiving process.

Archive-It’s selection and appraisal tracking capabilities are limited, so we export data from the service and consolidate it with our appraisal tracking in this spreadsheet full of V-lookup horrors.

More sustainable, targeted quality assurance

Following our existing QA workflow, I started by manually examining captures of our high-priority seeds for problems like missing images. This time, though, I carefully tracked the issues I encountered and the scoping rules we added to fix them. Pretty quickly, patterns emerged that allowed me to start addressing capture issues in bulk.

Shows a website with plain text links and no formatting

An initial capture of with missing look and feel files

Homepage of Features a banner ad for Co-op students of the year with a stock photo of a group of students walking under a large tree.

The live Arts Co-op website, featuring look and feel files and image assets.

For example, captures of WordPress sites using the UBC Common Look and Feel were all missing similar CSS files. Once I found a set of rules that fixed the problem on one impacted site, it could be set it at the collection level where it would apply to all affected sites. That includes those that aren’t considered high-enough priority to check manually, where we otherwise might be unaware there was an issue.


The results and next steps

As of today, the Library has captured and made 164 UBC websites publicly available in its Archive-It collection. These captures add up to over 700GB of data! This number continues to grow thanks to regularly-scheduled re-crawls of important sites like the Academic Calendar (crawled quarterly) and the main University domain at (crawled monthly). Next will be to establish regular crawl schedules for other high-priority sites, bearing in mind how other web archiving projects impact our crawl budget.

Our internal list of “seeds” also includes an additional 397 UBC websites that are sitting at various stages of the web-archiving process. Many of these have already been crawled, and the captures will be made available on the Archive-It collection page after some additional quality assurance and description work.

Get in touch

Are you the owner of a UBC-affiliated website that you think should be preserved? Read more about our Web Archiving Work, or get in touch with us at


Now that the rainy season is finally ending, we’re ready to enjoy British Columbia’s beautiful beaches. For this post, we gathered together historic photos of B.C. beaches, from right here in the Lower Mainland to Powell River.

Starting locally, we found several photos of beaches at and near UBC in the UBC Archives Photograph collection. This photo of Wreck Beach from the 1980s shows the erosion of the Point Grey cliffs:

UBC 1.1/16555-8. Point Grey cliff erosion, aerial view, showing WWII searchlight tower and close-up of cliff-face, July 1983.


This photo of Jericho Beach from 1962 also shows the surrounding area, including West Point Grey and Kitsilano:

Holborne, Peter. UBC 1.1/3303. Aerial view of Jericho beach area, September 6, 1962.


Although the exact location of this photo within Vancouver is unknown, we love this beach attire from around 1900:

[Woman on a beach], [1900?].


These postcards show Kitsilano Beach in the early 20th century – check out the men’s suits in the first photo!

The Beach, Kitsilano, [between 1905 and 1915?].

Kitsilano Beach, Vancouver, Canada, [between 1910 and 1935?].

Kitsilano Beach and Swimming Pool, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, [between 1920 and 1930?].


We found several photos of English Bay and Second Beach, over by Stanley Park:

Timms, Philip T. A warm day at the beach, Vancouver B.C., [1906].

English Bay, Vancouver, B.C., [between 1930 and 1939?].

Bullen, Harry Elder. Stanley Park, Second Beach, [between 1910 and 1920?].

Second Beach, Stanley Park, Vancouver, B.C., [between 1920 and 1927?].


This photo shows several 1920s businesses near Crescent Beach in Surrey, including an ice cream parlor and a shop selling fish and chips:

Crescent Beach, B.C., [between 1920 and 1930?].


This postcard shows a bustling day at Boundary Bay, close to the Canada/U.S. border:

Boundary Bay, [between 1905 and 1915?].


In this postcard, swimmers and boaters enjoy the beach at Whytecliff Park in West Vancouver:

Whytecliff, B.C., [between 1920 and 1935?].


In Powell River, Willingdon Beach is a serene location for enjoying the beach and camping:

Powell River Studios. Willingdon Beach, 1947.


We hope you get the chance this season to visit the nearby beaches and other vacation spots around the province to enjoy what B.C. has to offer.

Today is World Book and Copyright Day, an international event in support of books, reading, and literacy. This year, the focus is on protecting and supporting Indigenous languages, in conjunction with the International Year of Indigenous Languages. You can read more about World Book and Copyright Day on the United Nations and UNESCO websites.

In recognition of World Book and Copyright Day, we’ve gathered together items from our collections that showcase reading over the past century. We hope you can spend some time with a great book today!


UBC 1.1/16567. View of Library reading room at Fairview campus, 1919.


[Passenger reading on the outer deck of the first C.P. R.M.S. Empress of Scotland], [1927?].


UBC 1.1/5852-3. Students studying in Main Library concourse, 1949.


UBC 3.1/844-2. People undergoing a reading efficiency test, [1953].


Law Library, [between 1960 and 1969].


UBC 93.1/809. Judith C. Thiele with braille book and reading equipment in Crane Library, 1970.


UBC 44.1/1231. Ker, Charles. Frances Woodward, Library, peers over three miniature books from Special Collections, 1995.


UBC 44.1/821. Wilson, Gavin. Graduate student Shirley Sterling reading to grandchild, 1997.

Since this April is National Poetry Month, we’ve gathered together selected poetry and related items from Open Collections for your enjoyment!

Our recently added Historical Children’s Literature Collection includes several poetry chapbooks. This chapbook, The butterfly’s ball, and the grasshopper’s feast, includes beautiful engraved illustrations:

Roscoe, William. The butterfly’s ball, and the grasshopper’s feast, 1807.


Roscoe, William. The butterfly’s ball, and the grasshopper’s feast, 1807, p. 7.


Our BC Historical Books collection also contains several collections of poetry. Eric Duncan’s Rural rhymes and the sheep thief begins with the following disclaimer:

Duncan, Eric. Rural rhymes and the sheep thief, 1896, p. 7.


Here’s the first page of the first poem from the book, “A mosquito song”:

Duncan, Eric. “A mosquito song”. From Rural rhymes and the sheep thief, 1896, p. 11.


If you’re interested in Japanese poetry, check out our One Hundred Poets collection. This collection contains 74 books and 20 different card sets relating to the poetry anthology Hyakunin Isshu 百人一首 (One Hundred Poets, One Poem Each). You can read more about the collection in this previous blog post.

[Kinoya Hisomaro ; illustrated by Utagawa Kunisada, Utagawa Kuniyoshi], [Nishikie chūiri hyakunin isshu], [1849].


You may also be interested in the utagaruta card sets within this collection. You can find them here, and check out our previous blog post to learn more about how this game is played.

[One hundred poets card sheets], [Meiji period [1868-1912]].


This month is a great time to seek out poetry readings. We found this photo of Allen Ginsberg reading at UBC in 1963:

UBC 1.1/11341-2. Holborne, Peter. Allen Ginsberg reading poetry at UBC. August 2nd, 1963. Allen Ginsberg reading poetry at UBC.


Finally, check out this adorable poem about a cat interrupting a game of croquet:

Playing croquet, 1875.

The Digitization Centre has digitized several collections of maps, as well as several collections that contain maps among other materials. This post provides a summary of those collections, showcasing some of our favourite maps from Open Collections!

Greater Vancouver Regional District Planning Department Land Use Maps

This collection contains more than 1,800 maps of the greater Vancouver area from 1965, 1980, and 1983. There are two index maps that help to navigate the collection:

Index – Land Use Series: The numbers on this map correspond to the “Identifier” field for each map. For example, you can search within the collection for Identifier:(V92) to find maps showing the north side of UBC campus.

Greater Vancouver Regional District Planning Department. Index – Land Use Series.


Greater Vancouver Regional District Planning Department. Land Use : U.E.L., 1979.


Index Map: Subdivision and Land Use Maps: This index map includes the Lower Mainland outside of Vancouver. Similarly, you can search by “Identifier” to locate the maps referenced by this index.

For more information on this collection, check out our previous blog post about it!

Japanese Maps of the Tokugawa Era

This collection contains Japanese maps from the Edo period, or Tokugawa period (1603-1868). The majority of the maps are rare or even unique.

Many of the maps show all or part of Japan:

Okamoto, Chikusō, active 19th century. Shinkoku Dai Nihon zenzu [Newly engraved map of Great Japan], 1865.

Utagawa, Sadahide, 1807-1873. Dai Nihon Fujisan zetchō no zu [Panoramic view of the summit of Mt. Fuji], 1857.

There are also some Japanese world maps included in the collection:

Bankoku enzu [Round map of all nations], 1675.

For a more detailed overview of this collection, see our previous blog post: Explore Open Collections: Japanese Maps of the Tokugawa Era.

Andrew McCormick Maps and Prints

This collection contains world maps dating from 1503 to 1910, with a focus on European maps and maritime exploration. Here is a selection of maps from the collection:

Moll, Herman, -1732. A map of the North Pole with all the territories that lye near it, known to us &c. according to the latest discoveries, and most exact observations, Agreeable to modern history, [1732].

Pond, Peter, 1740-1807. A map shewing the communication of the lakes and the rivers between Lake Superior and Slave Lake in North America, 1790.


You can read more about the collection and view other highlights in this previous blog post: Explore Open Collections: Andrew McCormick Maps and Prints.

Maps in other collections

In addition to the above three collections, there are many digital collections that contain maps along with other items.

The Chung Collection contains several maps of Canada released by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. This “sportsman’s map” of Canada shows the terrain and wildlife for different regions:

Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Sportsman’s map of the Dominion of Canada, 1898.


This map from 1943 shows the air routes serviced by Canadian Pacific Air Lines at the time:

Canadian Pacific Air Lines. Map of Canada showing air routes, 1943.


In the UBC Library Digitization Centre Special Projects collection, there are over 60 maps that do not belong to other collections, including this map of southeastern Vancouver Island from 1860:

D’Heureuse, Rudolph. Map of the south-eastern districts of Vancouver Island, 1860.


The BC Historical Books collection is an excellent source of early British Columbia maps, like this map of the Lower Mainland:

Hill, Albert James, 1836-1918. Map of the municipalities of New Westminster city and district, British Columbia, 1889.


Finally, the Western Manuscripts and Early Printed Books collection contains several 16th century maps, like this beautiful map of the Americas from 1588:

Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. Americae sive novi orbis, nova descriptio, [1588].

You can find more maps by searching for the keyword “map” in a given collection, or by perusing the Maps genre in Open Collections.


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