As we come to the end of Indigenous Peoples’ History Month, Technical Services and Xwi7xwa Library are pleased to announce a recent step undertaken in the Library’s effort to decolonize Indigenous subject headings. You may have noticed that many thousands of Xwi7xwa records previously containing the term “First Nations” now use the broader heading Aboriginal Canadians. For many years, Xwi7xwa Library’s own thesaurus has rejected the LCSH term “Indians of North America” in favour of local alternatives. As Sarah Dupont, Head of Xwi7xwa Library states, “When Aboriginal Peoples go looking to find representations of our many diverse knowledges in the Library collections, we should be able to search using terms we use to describe ourselves. We should not feel the sting of antiquated, colonial, and racist words that perpetuate negative connotations of us, especially when we and our Allies go to do the work of lifting academia and broader society out of these shadows through our scholarly efforts.” Adolfo Tarango, Head of Technical Services, adds, “While we know terminology that attempts to group Aboriginal Canadians is fraught with problems of historic, contextual, and personal challenges, new words to both represent them as a group and replace the most prevalent, problematic phrase Indians of North America were needed to signal a shift in how we think about our roles as professionals in the continued mis-treatment of ‘othered’ peoples.” Sue Andrews, Principle Cataloguer, adds, “Our choice of the new phrase, Aboriginal Canadians, has helped us to correct earlier interpretations and uses of the term “First Nations” in our records, and to instead provide a term that is more inclusive of the different groups that represent our rich heritage of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Peoples in Canada. By selecting a term used widely in Canadian contexts by Aboriginal Canadians themselves we uphold our principle of “cultural warrant” for our choices of terms in our FNHL thesaurus.”

We commit to being responsive to changing this term as needed, and look to our First Nations, Métis, and Inuit colleagues to advise us along this journey. Congratulations, Xwi7xwa and Technical Services!

The list of courses with Indigenous content is now available!

 

According to the 2020 University of British Columbia Course Calendar and departmental course descriptions, there are 17 courses, from 7 different departments, that have a significant amount of Indigenous content being offered for the Summer 2020 session.

To download the course list click here.

Xwi7xwa does not endorse the courses listed. Courses are added based on descriptions only. Anyone wishing to provide feedback on course content should refer to these confidential resources:

  1. Ombuds Person for Students (if you’re not satisfied with the quality of instruction in a course, the Ombuds Office will help you contact the head of the department the course is offered in)
  2. Equity & Inclusion Offices’s Conflict Engagement
  3. Aboriginal Portal’s Student Life resource page

    NEW   Xwi7xwa Library – Distance Research Guide

April 3, 2020 – Update

Xwi7xwa Library will be closed to the public until April 30. We are working remotely!

Email at xwi7xwa.library@ubc.ca or karleen.delaurier-lyle@ubc.ca for inquiries.

Information specifically about UBC Library is available in the banner on the UBC Library website, as well as here, where UBC library is updating their information.

 

March 18, 2020 – Update

As of March 20 at 5PM Xwi7xwa Library will be closed to the public until April 6 at 9AM, after which point the situation will be reviewed. Please check back here for updates about Xwi7xwa Library’s hours. For updates on hours please see.

Our staff are working remotely and still available to support research needs.

Email at xwi7xwa.library@ubc.ca or karleen.delaurier-lyle@ubc.ca for inquiries.

Information specifically about UBC Library is available in the banner on the UBC Library website, as well as here, where UBC library is updating their information.


Due to current closures and conditions because of Covid 19 and UBC’s decision to move classes to online, UBC library is making changes to hours, lending processes, and fine policies.

UBC.ca continues to be the most up-to-date and authoritative source of information about the University’s response to COVID-19.

Information specifically about UBC Library is available in the banner on the UBC Library website, as well as here, where UBC library is updating their information daily.

As of March 17, Xwi7xwa will be open as normal 9am-5pm. Please check back here for updates about Xwi7xwa Library’s opening hours and updates.

Many of our library staff are working from home and are available through email at xwi7xwa.library@ubc.ca

We are able to answer reference questions, find online materials for papers & research topics, and find alternative materials to items only available in print.

The library will cancel late fees from March 16 until the situation changes. Please do not come to campus to return or renew library materials.

Date, time & location: Thu, Jan 23, 11 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Xwi7xwa Library, Seminar Room (Rm 206)

 

Details: Confused about citing references or just need a refresher? If so, then this free workshop is for you. Xwi7xwa Library is offering Citation Basics Workshop, where participants will learn the fundamentals of formatting in-text citations and references/bibliography lists in APA, MLA and Chicago styles for class assignments and papers. We’ll also cover how to cite Elders and Knowledge Keepers. You’ll get a citation resources guide at the end of the session. No previous knowledge of citing is necessary and all levels of technology skills will be happily accommodated. Please contact us at (604) 822-8738 or xwi7xwa.library@ubc.ca with any questions.

 

Registration: Registration is not required, but is appreciated. Register using this link: https://forms.gle/5htTyrqJbR63KbhTA

Indigenous Archival Resources Awareness Day

When: Tuesday, January 21, 10 a.m.-12 p.m.

Where: Rare Books and Special Collections, Irving K. Barber Learning Centre

Join a team of librarians, archivists, faculty, and outreach colleagues for a session to explore resources available for the research and teaching of Indigenous studies and history at UBC. Participants will learn about resources and services at the Xwi7xwa Library, Rare Books and Special Collections, and beyond, and will have a chance to get hands on with physical resources available through UBC Library. The discussion will include case studies of using the resources in teaching, ideas for using them in future research and instruction, and ethical considerations of using this material.

If you’d like to attend, please RSVP to chelsea.shriver@ubc.ca<mailto:chelsea.shriver@ubc.ca 

September 30 is an annual day to recognize & raise awareness about the residential school system in Canada, join together in the spirit of reconciliation, and honour the experiences of Indigenous People. Share your support and orange shirt on September 30th with the hashtag #orangeshirtday on social media.

Orange Shirt Day is inspired by Phyllis Webstad’s story. On her first day of residential school, Phyllis’s grandmother gave her a brand new orange shirt . When Phyllis got to residential school, her shirt was taken from her and never returned. The colour orange has always reminded Phyllis of her traumatic experience at residential school.

If you need support during this time (or at any time of year), please consider these resources:

Drop-in counseling at the Longhouse. No appointment needed:

Tuesdays, 1 – 4 pm, with Renée

Wednesdays, 1 – 4 pm, with Michael

Thursdays, 1 – 4 pm, with Leslie

Kuu-us 24hr crisis line:

Adult/Elder Crisis Line: 250-723-4050

Child/Youth Crisis Line: 250-723-2040

Find more information about Residential Schools in our Indian Residential Schools in Canada Research Guide.

Visit the Indian Residential School and Dialogue Centre at UBC. They are open Monday to Friday from 10am-3pm.

Check out the Orange Shirt Day website to read more on the story behind this day of remembrance.

The Museum of Vancouver is offering free admission on Monday, September 30th, for visitors who wear their orange shirt from 10am-5pm. make sure to visit their “There is Truth Here: Creativity and Resilience in Children’s Art from Indian Residential and Day Schools”exhibit. The exhibit focuses on focuses on rare surviving artworks created by children who attended the Inkameep Day School (Okanagan), St Michael’s Indian Residential School (Alert Bay); the Alberni Indian Residential School (Vancouver Island) and Mackay Indian Residential School (Manitoba).

If you are looking for children’s books on residential schools, please look at our Residential Schools Children’s Books List.

Indigenous Archival Resources Awareness Day

When: Friday, September 20, 1:00-3:30

Where: Rare Books and Special Collections, Irving K. Barber Learning Centre

 

Join a team of librarians, archivists, faculty and outreach colleagues for a session that looks at resources available for the research and teaching of Indigenous studies and history at UBC. We will look at resources and services from the Xwi7xwa Library, Rare Books and Special Collections, and digital archives available through the library (both open access and purchased). There will be a chance to get hands on with both physical documents and digitised material such as Indigenous newspapers (please bring laptops with you for the latter). The discussion will include case studies of using the resources in teaching, ideas for using them in future research and instruction, and ethical considerations of using this material.

 

If you’d like to attend, please RSVP to coll.thrush@ubc.ca.

This new guide help in locating resources about two-spirit & Indigenous queer studies. Here you will find links to books, e-books, journals, articles, theses, videos, websites & more about this topic. We’ll have many of these materials at the Pride Event at UBC on August 6th from 5pm-9pm. Two-spirit & Indigenous queer studies is an interdisciplinary field grounded in the languages, histories, geographies, and contemporary experiences of Indigenous peoples.

This new guide is to help in locating resources about Missing & Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) in Canada. Here you will find links to books, e-books, journals, articles, theses, videos, websites and more about this topic.

 

 

We sometimes get questions here at X̱wi7x̱wa Library about our building’s architecture. For a brief overview of the Indigenous architectural inspiration for the library, see the “Our Building” tab on our website’s “About” page https://XX̱wi7x̱wa.library.ubc.ca/about/. The story of the design process behind the Longhouse and  X̱wi7x̱wa Library might be of interest to some of you as well.

 

A brief history

The origins of X̱wi7x̱wa Library’s collection date back to 1970 with the creation of the Indian Education Resources Centre, a forerunner of NITEP (now the Indigenous Teacher Education Program). In 1987, the First Nations House of Learning (FNHL), which included the NITEP resource collection, was established. Under the visionary leadership of Verna Kirkness, FNHL’s major priority was to establish a permanent building on campus, what Kirkness described as “a home of our own.”

 

Beginning in the fall of 1988, Kirkness began meeting with groups of students, staff and Elders to hear their ideas about a longhouse on campus. When Jack Bell donated $1 million in 1989 to be put towards First Nations initiatives at UBC, the First Nations House of Learning Advisory Committee and the Native Indian Education Advisory Committee unanimously agreed that the money should be put towards the construction of a longhouse. To help spearhead the project, Kirkness established a building committee consisting of Elders, students, faculty and staff; Kirkness has noted the particularly important role that the Elders on this committee played in leading the building project. One of the building committee’s first tasks was to choose an architectural firm, with Larry McFarland Architects ultimately being selected given their previous experience on another longhouse project as well as their willingness to work collaboratively. The architects suggested moving forward with a series of workshops aimed at garnering input from the FNHL community about the placement, function and design of the new buildings.

 

The site

The building committee and the broader FNHL community considered a range of locations but it was important to organizers that the site be close to the centre of campus. The site that was ultimately chosen was a former arboretum that had been populated with various tree species since the early days of the University. The building committee decided to place the library on the east side of the site closer to the heart of campus and the flow of traffic on West Mall as a purposeful act of reaching out to the broader University. The building committee and architects also made the decision to orient the buildings on an East-West axis in a manner that both minimized damage to the existing trees on site and that resisted the grid orientation of the original campus plan. The two trees that did need to be cut down for construction are now part of the waterfall feature next to X̱wi7x̱wa Library.

 

Design

In April 1990 the building committee had an important meeting with the Musqueam Band Council. Following a presentation about the new buildings, the Council indicated their support for the project but also requested that the longhouse be built in the Musqueam shed style which the Committee agreed to. The architects and the building committee wanted to pay respect to traditional architectural style and building materials which meant that wood would be a prominent material. At the same time the team also embraced the fact that these would be modern buildings built using contemporary materials and design techniques. They therefore made the decision not to cover up or paint over non-traditional materials such as concrete and aluminum but rather kept them in their natural state as a symbol of the melding of the traditional with the contemporary. Working with the traditional shed design and the more practical program requirements, the architects presented a design for the longhouse building which featured a curved roof. Though the architects had not intended the metaphor when creating the design, Elders on the building committee saw in the curved roof the form of the outstretched wings of an eagle, tipping up at the ends. Copper was also chosen as a prominent roofing material given its traditional value to coastal peoples.

 

Throughout the design process, architects met regularly with the FNHL community to discuss the look, priorities and function of the buildings. Khot-La-Cha, Squamish Chief Simon Baker, who served as a member of the building committee, emphasized the importance of incorporating water into the design. Baker felt there was strong meaning in following the water towards these places of learning. This design direction can be seen in both the waterfall feature and the stones emanating from it that suggest a dry creek bed.

 

The library building itself was designed so that it was partially built into the ground as an homage to the Interior Salish earth-sheltered building style of a Kekuli or S7ístken (also known as a pit house in English). Both the tall timber frame of the Kekuli and the large windowed opening into the library space signal the presence of this Indigenous place of learning from the main road.

 

Opening

The longhouse and the library were officially opened on May 25, 1993. At the opening ceremony, Chief Simon Baker gifted the library with its name, X̱wi7x̱wa, which means “echo” in the Squamish language. In 1994 Larry McFarland Architects were recognized with a Governor General Award of Merit for the UBC Longhouse project which includes X̱wi7x̱wa Library. Thanks to the vision and hard work of the building committee as well as the broader FNHL community, X̱wi7x̱wa Library and the Longhouse have had the opportunity to welcome thousands of students, faculty and community members through their doors over the past decades.

 

***

If you’re interested in learning more about the history of the Longhouse and X̱wi7x̱wa Library, please see Verna J Kirkness and Jo-Ann Archibald’s book The First Nations Longhouse : our home away from home, available through the UBC catalogue. Thanks also to Diane Archibald whose PhD thesis, Sites of cultural difference: the cultural production of space within a University construct provided some key insights for this blog post. You can access her thesis online for free through UBC Open Collections.

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