Lecture notes

Any notes that are posted up on the screen in lecture will also be posted here, sometime after class.

Remember that some of these notes are on the class wiki, here: http://wiki.ubc.ca/Course:PHIL230-CH/discussions


Moral Relativism

Definitions related to moral relativism: Moral Relativism Definitions (Fall 2014) (MS Word)

Arguments for and against moral relativism: Arguments For & Against MR (2014) (MS Word)

Notes on Wolfe’s “Two Levels of Pluralism”: Wolf Two Levels Pluralism Notes (Sept. 18) (MS Word)


Consequentialism and Utilitarianism

Introduction to Consequentialism: Intro Consequentialism notes (MS Word)

Mill, Utilitarianism, Chpt. 1 and first part of Chpt. 2: Mill, Utilitarianism Notes 1 (MS Word)

Mill, Utlitarianism, rest of Chpt. 2 and all of Chpt. 4: Mill, Utilitarianism Notes 2 (MS Word)

Mill, Utilitarianism, Chpt. 5: Mill, Utilitarianism Notes 3 (MS Word)

Later Utilitarianism (Timmons, chapter called “Contemporary Utilitarianism”): Notes on Later Utilitarianism (MS Word)

Brandt, “Some Merits of One Form or Rule Utiltarianism”: Notes on Brandt (MS Word)



Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Introduction plus pp. 55-66: Kant, first set of notes, Fall 2014 (MS Word)

Kant, Groundwork, pp. 73-89: Kant, second set of notes (CI 1 and 2, Perfect & imperfect duties) (MS Word)

Kant, Groundwork, pp. 89-93 (3rd form of CI), plus “On a supposed right to tell lies” (Kant), and Korsgaard, “Kant on Lying…”: Kant (CI 3), Kant on lying, & Korsgaard (MS Word) (updated Nov. 6, 2014)


Virtue Ethics

Intro to Virtue Ethics, plus Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics Book 1: Intro to VE & Aristotle NE Book I (MS Word) (revised Nov. 6, 2014)

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics Book 2: Aristotle, NE, Book II (MS Word)

Aristotle, NE, Books 3 and 7: Aristotle, NE, Books III and VII notes (MS Word)

Hursthouse, “Virtue Theory and Abortion”–note: power point slides this time, in PDF format: PDF of slides on Hursthouse, “Virtue Theory and Abortion”

Nussbaum, “Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach” (PDF of power point slides): NussbaumNonRelVirtues-230-F14


Videos for Nov. 20

Christina is out of town Thursday, Nov. 20; here are some videos that talk about the material for that day.

First: a video giving some advice on writing the essays that are due Friday.

Next: a video talking about the first part of Hursthouse’s “Virtue Theory and Abortion”–talking about the basic structure of virtue ethics, how it can accommodate rules of a sort, and how she suggests it can deal with conflicts between virtues.

Here is the second part of the video on Hursthouse’s article, talking about virtue ethics as applied to abortion.


Videos on  Nussbaum’s article, “Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach (assigned for Nov. 20 while I’m out of town)

Part 1: on the question of objectivity and relativity in virtue ethics; how Aristotle’s view was not meant to be culturally relative.

Part 2: on Nussbaum’s own objectivist, virtue ethicist view.

Part 3: on the first criticism to her view that Nussbaum addresses.

Part 4: on the second and third criticisms to her view that Nussbaum addresses.

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