Urban Rivers

A belated announcement that Urban Rivers, a volume that I co-edited with Stéphane Castonguay has appeared with the University of Pittsburgh Press in their Urban Environments Series, edited by Joel Tarr and Martin Melosi.

Here is the Table of Contents:

Introduction 1
Stéphane Castonguay and Matthew Evenden

Part I. Industrialization and Riverine Transformations
Chapter 1.
Brussels and Its Rivers, 1770–1880: Reshaping an Urban Landscape 17
Chloé Deligne

Chapter 2.
The River Lea in West Ham: A River’s Role in Shaping Industrialization
on the Eastern Edge of Nineteenth-Century London 34
Jim Clifford

Chapter 3.
An Urban Industrial River:
The Multiple Uses of the Akerselva River, 1850–1900 57
Eyvind Bagle

Chapter 4.
The Rivière des Prairies: More than Montreal’s Backyard? 75
Michèle Dagenais

Part II . Urbanization and the Fu nctions of Rivers

Chapter 5.
The Seine and Parisian Metabolism: Growth of Capital Dependencies in the
Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 95
Sabine Barles
Chapter 6.
The Channelization of the Danube and Urban Spatial Development in
Vienna in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries 113
Gertrud Haidvogl

Chapter 7.
Rivers and Risk in the City: The Urban Floodplain as
a Contested Space 130
Uwe Lübken

Chapter 8.
The St. Lawrence and Montreal’s Spatial Development in
the Seventeenth through the Twentieth Century 145
Jean-Claude Robert

Chapter 9.
Urbanization, Industrialization, and the Firth of Forth 160
T. C. Smout

Part III . Territorialities of Water Management

Chapter 10.
Diverting Rivers for Paris, 1760–1820: Needs, Quality, Resistance 183
Frédéric Graber

Chapter 11.
Fluid Geographies: Urbanizing River Basins 201
Craig E. Colten

Chapter 12.
To Harmonize Human Activity with the Laws of Nature: Applying the
Watershed Concept in Manitoba, Canada 219
Sh annon Stunden Bower

Conclusion 237
Stéphane Castonguay and Matthew Evenden

Journal of Canadian Studies: Call for Papers

(Le texte français suit)

Call for Papers: Beyond the Culture of Nature: Rethinking Canadian and Environmental Studies

Theme Issue of the Journal of Canadian Studies

Guest Editor: Matthew Evenden

Canadian and Environmental Studies are two fields in transformation.  Initiated in part as emancipatory projects in the 1970s, seeking to define subjects and articulate their meanings, the two fields have diverged and been complicated by shifting ideas about nation and nationalism on the one hand, and the environment and sustainability on the other.  Wilderness once stood as a central shared concern of the two fields, but constructivist critiques have highlighted its associations with race, gender, settler societies and social power, and the discourse of sustainability has transcended wilderness as a cultural and linguistic artifact, reliant on a binary vision of nature and culture.  This special issue asks what has replaced the culture of nature that once provided common ground for Canadian and Environmental Studies?  How do area and interdisciplinary studies intersect, and with what benefits and problems?  Does a shared agenda remain?  This special issue will consider the evolving relationship between Canadian and Environmental Studies scholarship and imagine their intertwined futures.

Possible paper topics include:

The place of nature in Canadian Studies

The place of Canada in Environmental Studies

What’s left of wilderness and the culture of nature?

Understanding Canada, regions and places in a world of global flows and environmental processes

Academics and graduate students nearing completion of a PhD are invited to submit 250-word abstracts for consideration. The deadline for abstracts is 1 September 2012. Papers selected for submission should be made available by 1 December 2012. All papers will undergo a formal peer review process through the Journal of Canadian Studies. Completed abstracts or questions should be directed to the guest editor, Matthew Evenden, at matthew.evenden@ubc.ca

Appel de communications

Au-delà de la culture de la nature : Repenser les études canadiennes et environnementales.

Numéro thématique de la Revue d’études canadiennes

Rédacteur invité : Matthew Evenden

Les études canadiennes et les études environnementales sont deux champs en transformation. Entrepris en partie en tant que projets émancipatoires au cours des années 1970, cherchant à définir des sujets et à élaborer leurs significations, ces deux champs d’études ont divergé et se sont complexifiés en même temps que les notions de nation et de nationalisme, ainsi que celles d’environnement et de durabilité, se recomposaient. Autrefois une préoccupation commune de ces deux champs, la nature sauvage (wilderness) est dorénavant associée par les critiques constructivistes à la race, au genre, aux sociétés coloniales et au pouvoir social. Quant au discours sur la durabilité, il a transcendé la nature sauvage en tant qu’artefact culturel et linguistique, tributaire d’une vision binaire de la nature et de la culture. Le présent numéro spécial s’interroge sur ce qui a remplacé la culture de la nature en tant que point commun des études canadiennes et environnementales. Comment est-ce que les études régionales (area studies) et les études interdisciplinaires s’entrecoupent, avec quels bénéfices et quels problèmes? Existe-t-il encore des points de convergence? Ce numéro spécial cherche à rassembler les chercheurs en études canadiennes et environnementales pour discuter et débattre de la relation entre les deux champs d’études et imaginer un avenir commun.

Thèmes de recherche possibles :

–          La place de la nature dans les études canadiennes

–          La place du Canada dans les études environnementales

–          Que reste-il de la nature sauvage et de la culture de la nature?

–          Comprendre le Canada, les régions et les lieux dans un monde de circulations globales et de processus environnementaux.

Les universitaires et les étudiants de troisième cycle qui obtiendront bientôt leur doctorat sont invités à soumettre des résumés de 250 mots pour évaluation. La date limite de soumission des résumés est le 1er septembre 2012. Les manuscrits qui seront retenus doivent être remis au plus tard le 1er décembre 2012. Ils feront tous l’objet d’une évaluation formelle par les pairs organisée par la Revue d’études canadiennes. Vous pouvez faire parvenir vos résumés terminés ou vos questions au rédacteur invité, Matthew Evenden, à matthew.evenden@ubc.ca.




On the Isar

This post was published simultaneously on the NiCHE Otter blog.

The River Isar drains north from Austria, cuts east through Bavaria and bisects Munich before entering the Danube near Straubing. Viewed from a bridge near the Deutsches Museum on a cold October morning, the post-Oktoberfest fall colours are in view, as well as the modest flow of a redesigned river. Over the twentieth century the Isar, like so many European urban rivers, was plumbed and canalized, made to divert sewage and turn hydro-electric turbines. In the last twenty years a portion of this hard-working flow has been returned from a linear canal to the original river bed studded with new gravels and seemingly natural islands. In Munich’s famous Englischer garden the river tumbles through a naturalistic landscape and cascades in a precise arc over a manicured falls. East of the city, the natural river tumbles past another kind of nature, the Isar nuclear plants near Landshut. Along its length, the Isar reminds us of the many designs on rivers, and of the many rivers made by design.

Recently I walked along the Isar in the early jet-lagged mornings while attending a conference on energy continuities and transitions, an event sponsored by the Peter Wall Institute at UBC, the Technical University of Munich, the Deutsches Museum and the Rachel Carson Centre, and organized by Richard Unger. The key question animating the workshop was how have societies reoriented around new energy carriers over time? What made European societies adopt coal, or hydro and abandon peat and wood? And why did patterns and processes of adoption vary over time and space? Given pressing contemporary concerns about how to foster a post-fossil fuel future, the problem of transitions and how they have occurred is of more than historical interest. Although none of the papers offered prescriptive assessments based on historical research, participants did collectively point to the significance of fuel prices, institutional and policy contexts, crises, transportation geography, regulation and consumer preferences as factors shaping transitions and continuities in energy regimes. A summary of the presentations will be published in the Perspectives journal of the Rachel Carson Center.

Having recently been immersed in a project with Stéphane Castonguay on urban rivers and currently conducting research on urban water history in Vancouver, I was struck by some of the commonalities between energy history and urban environmental history. At the heart of both fields is a core interest in large systems that interact over distance and combine a complex assemblage of human, technological and environmental actors. The literature on urbanization shares some broad parallels with the literature on energy transition; both search for drivers, elements of institutional lock-in and path dependence. The differences I identified could hardly be isolated to the two fields but nevertheless seemed significant: urban environmental history seems more connected to place-based inquiry, energy history to model building and quantitative analysis of production and consumption trends at the national scale. Urban environmental historians seek to relate political and social change to the environmental context of urbanization and vice versa, whereas energy historians are less explicitly environmental in their concerns or treat environmental outcomes in a more abstract, less place-specific sense. Some of my observations were no doubt conditioned by the range of participants– a mixture of economic and environmental historians, historians of technology, museum professionals as well as engineers and scientists.

The comparison nevertheless strikes me as evidence of the balkanization that has occurred in environmental history in the last decade. New subfields, water and energy history among them, with a range of networks, commitments and intellectual linkages outside of the field of environmental history, have recast our foundations and vantage points. Probably a good thing? A sign of maturation in the field and the expanding realm of inquiry? Or is the centre of environmental history too weak to hold the centripetal intellectual forces at play? Is the problem, as Sverker Sörlin and Paul Warde put it a few years ago, that environmental history lacks a coherent problem at its core, beyond a general interest in human-environmental relationships?[1] Food for thought as I rambled along a re-invented river.

[1] Warde, Paul and Sverker Sörlin, (2007) “The Problem of the Problem of Environmental History: A Re-reading of the Field and its Purpose.” Environmental History, 12 (1). pp. 107-130.

The Assiniboine River Flood

Shannon Stunden Bower has provided a helpful statement on the historical context of the Assiniboine River flood on the NiCHE website.  For those of you who don’t know Shannon’s work, she has written on the historical geography of water in Manitoba.  She authored an interesting piece on the watershed idea in Manitoba in Environmental History in 2007.  Even more relevant to the current situation is her essay in the Journal of Historical Geography published in 2010, entitled “Natural and unnatural complexities: flood control along Manitoba’s Assiniboine River”.

Her new book, to be released in June with UBC Press, is called, Wet Prairie: People, Land and Water in Agricultural Manitoba.

Fountains and public memory

Over the past term, I taught a senior undergraduate seminar on the historical geography of water in Vancouver.  We read widely, carried out  field trips and visited several archives.  The students exceeded my expectations with a series of interesting papers grounded in original research.  For example, Adrian Martynkiw analyzed the development and disappearance of a public drinking fountain in the heart of Gastown, which shed light on the role of water in the early city and of the changing function and politics of space.  He will be leading a tour of the site as part of the ThinkCity series on May 8.  Check it out! 


Peachland water history

Readers of BC Studies will have seen the recent issue on the Okanagan which contained several essays on water and sustainability themes.  This led me to a virtual museum of Canada exhibit, developed by the Peachland Historical Society, dealing with “A Century of Life by Water”.  Comprised primarily of historical photographs, the exhibit invites visitors to examine how settlers in a relatively dry environment drew from, interacted with and traveled on water.  Some maps and narratives provide context.

Greenstream, Goldstream

Goldstream, located on Vancouver Island, ran neon green yesterday.  Someone added a flourescent dye to the water.  The popular salmon stream, running through a provincial park, became as a result the focus of a small media frenzy (with 75 news sources carrying the story online).  According to CTV a smiliar incident occurred last summer on the Salmo River in interior British Columbia.  Is the dye non-toxic?  What motivated this neon statement?  Is this performance art?  Compare the photo of Goldstream below to Edward Burtynsky’s Nickel Tailings #34.

EH+ conference announced

Writing the Next Chapter of Canadian Environmental History

NiCHE and the Wilson Institute for Canadian History are hosting “EH+”,
a symposium to evaluate the field of Canadian environmental history
thus far, identify future directions with potential national and
international significance, and facilitate collaboration. The 29-30
April and 1 May 2011 event will consist of 50 participants: graduate
students, junior and senior scholars, as well as governmental and
public history partners.  The event is open to historians and
historical geographers studying Canadian environmental history and
those studying other regions in the world at Canadian Universities.
NiCHE and the Wilson Institute will pay travel and subsistence costs.
The symposium will also have a simultaneous online component, allowing
 those unable to attend to participate. For more information see the
event website: http://niche-canada.org/ehplus