How to write an academic paper

How to write an academic paper, research is one of the most complex and time-consuming assignments of study.

But it is of great importance at the same time, given that his mark constitutes a large part of students’ marks in various subjects.

Rather, many universities and institutes devote specialized courses on methodologies and methods of writing scientific research.

If you did not have the opportunity to enroll in these courses, or your study plan did not include it, then perhaps you are sitting staring at your white page without having the clue how to start writing your paper!

But do not worry, in today’s article we will summarize the most important steps for writing scientific research, in an easy and concise manner, that puts you on the right path in the field of academic writing (bestpfe offer over 7000 project topics ideas).

How to write an academic paper

First Step: Choose a topic

In many cases, the subject of the study is chosen by the subject teacher, but it also happens that the field is left open for the student to choose his research topic, and here it is necessary to use this opportunity wisely and choose the topic properly. Follow these tips when considering a topic for your research:

  • Find a topic that sparks your interest and fuels your enthusiasm and curiosity so that you don’t get bored while writing it.
  • Avoid choosing topics that are too specialized or too general.
  • Pose the issue as a question that needs an answer or as a problem that needs to be solved.
  • Talk about your topic with your classmates and consult your teacher about it before you start writing it.


Second Step: Identify the search problem

Before starting to write your paper, you must define the most important problem or issue around which your research will revolve.

Knowing the research problem will be for you as the road plan that reveals to you all the aspects and stations that you need to stop at in your research.

In order to correctly identify the search problem, be sure to follow these steps: Determine your current position in relation to previous research on the same topic.

Make sure that you choose the correct type of research that matches the problem you are posing, as there are three main categories of research as follows:

  • Argumentative research in which you discuss a specific topic before reaching a specific final conclusion.
  • An interpretative search in which specific information is indicated.
  • Analytical research in which data and information related to a case are analyzed.
  • Make sure the problem or issue you are raising is coherent and strong so that your research is strong.
  • Explain the research problem at the end of the first paragraph in the introduction to your paper.


Third Step: Research the topic you will be writing about

Before starting to write a paper, you must first research and browse the information around you.

Make sure to find reliable sources that serve as evidence and evidence to support your research case.

For the initial research process to be correct, stick to the following tips:

  • Read more about the topic your research is about, and get a comprehensive idea of ​​it.
  • Use the various available research sources, which can be classified as follows:
  • Library indexes, periodical indexes, bibliographies, and resources suggested by your instructor or research supervisor.
  • Primary sources and secondary sources.
  • Newspapers, books, and other documents of all kinds After reviewing the various sources available to you start evaluating them and taking notes about them for reference when needed.
  • Make sure to document your sources up-to-date using the authentication system specified by your supervisor (APA, MLA, Harvard).
  • Make sure to use the most recent version of the bibliography system, and make sure to write all sources and references to avoid falling into the trap of plagiarism.

Fourth Step: Layout your research well

It is time to collate all the information and data that you found by searching through the various references and sources.

Start by gathering and collating information using three basic systems:

  • System for archiving and arranging references.
  • A system for arranging research content based on its degree of importance.
  • A well-kept note-taking system for easy reference.
  • Do not lose sight of this step, without a clear outline of your research, you will not be able to focus, and you will find it very difficult to scrutinize and review the research and try to understand its ideas.


Think of the following questions as a first step in developing your research outline:

  • What is the research topic?
  • Why is this research important?
  • What information or issues exist today that are relevant to the research?
  • What is the primary research problem?
  • What is the best writing plan that allows me to achieve the desired goal of the research?

Fifth Step: Start writing your rough draft

You are 50% of the way to finalizing your research, and it is now time to start writing the draft version of your paper.

You now have a destination or primary goal that you want to reach, which is the problem of research, and you have a road plan that helps you reach this goal.

You must first choose the appropriate title for the search, which is a very important step, because the title is the first thing the reader sees, and he decides according to it whether he will continue reading the research or not.

So make sure that the title includes the most important keywords around which your research revolves, and that it is attractive and motivating. After the title comes the introduction, followed by the main research content, and then the conclusion.

Sixth Step: Review the search to reach the final version

After writing and completing your first draft, move to the amendment, revision, and correction stage, which will lead you to the final version of the paper ready for submission.

Where you can review and scrutinize your research in four stages or basic levels as follows:

  • The general level of organization: Ensure that all parts of the research are coherent and interrelated, starting from the introduction, through the research problem and its content, and ending with the conclusion.
  • Paragraph level: This includes the main ideas in each sentence, linking ideas together in one paragraph, mentioning appropriate details to clarify specific ideas, and using the joining tools to move between paragraphs smoothly.