Lecture 1: The Making of Inner Asia
I. Logic of Engagement
- Social organization
II. History of Engagement
- The first empire—Qin (221-207 BCE) . . . Han (207 BCE–220 CE) . . . Xiongnu . . . tributary system
- Period of disunity—Northern Wei (386–534 CE) . . . Tabgach/Tuoba/Xianbei
- The second empire—Tang (618–907) . . . Silk Road . . . Bohai . . . Khitans . . . Turks . . . Uighurs . . . Tibet . . . Nanzhao
III. At the (Tang) Empire’s End
- Decentering China—Khitans . . . Tanguts . . . Jurchens
Lecture 2: Two Sons of Heaven
- Disintegration of the Tang (618–907) empire
- The confederations of Inner Asia
- “Five dynasties and ten kingdoms”
II. The Song state (960–1276)
- Background—Later Zhou (951–960) . . . Zhao Kuangyin (r. 960–976)
- Nature of the Song state
- Major concerns
III. The Khitan/Liao state (ca. 907–1125)
- Nature of the Liao state
- Relations with the Song and other neighboring states
IV. The Tangut/Xia state
- Tangut documents
- Li Qingzhao / Ci poetry
- What types of values are expressed in the Tangut proverbs?
- What was the significance of Weiming Yuanhao's letter and the preface by Gule Maocai?
- Why did Yue Fei (purportedly) want to "slake my thirst with the blood of the tribesmen"?
External links to Maps:
Source: National Museum of Chinese History, ed., A Journey into China's Antiquity, vol. 1 (Beijing: Morning Glory Publishers, 1997), pp. 8–9.
Physical Map by Satellite
- Barfield, Thomas J. The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China, 221 BC to AD 1757. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1989.
- Di Cosmo, Nicola. Ancient China and Its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
- Franke, Herbert, and Denis Twitchett, eds. The Cambridge History of China. Vol 6: Alien Regimes and Border States 907-1368. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
- Standen, Naomi. Unbounded Loyalty: Frontier Crossings in Liao China. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2007.
- Wright, David Curtis. From War to Diplomatic Parity in Eleventh-Century China. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2005.