Governments play a key role in the planning and management of e-learning. They provide the framework under which the post secondary institutions operate and they should provide a clear vision and concrete goals for the system. Institutional planning, then, needs to be aligned to these goals. Beyond that, governments have the opportunity to get more directly involved in helping to implement e-learning more broadly through a range of strategies than can include fairly conservative measures to adjust existing institutional arrangements to more radical approaches that involve restructuring, creating new institutions and using funding to achieve national or provincial/state e-learning goals. Underpinning these strategies is the jurisdiction’s e-learning readiness and governments need to factor in issues of connectivity, capability, content and culture in any policies designed to promote e-learning.