List 9

1. Abelia ‘Edward Goucher’

Abelia ‘Edward Goucher’ 9-1. Abelia ‘Edward Goucher’

Common name: abelia ‘Edward Goucher’

family name: Caprifoliaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 5-6feet

spread: 5-6feet

Form: upright branching

Type:(semi-)evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:Sand, Chalk, Loam

Leaf arrangement:opposite

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:compact, bushy shrub flowering on many somewhat arching stems. One of the ‘glossy’ abelias it has semi-evergreen foliage with a bronze tinge when young. The abundant flowers are lilac-pink while the calyx lobes surrounding them are bronze-tinged enhancing the bloom color.

suitable uses:garden hedges; under-tree shrubs

Quick ID:sepals remain and turn red in winter; opposite leaves; flower 5 lobs


 

2. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (N)

9-2. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (N) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (N)

Common name:common bearberry

family name:Ericaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Massachusetts’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 0.5-1feet

spread: 3-6feet

Form: upright, slightly spreading

Type:creeping slow-growing groundcover

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:Grow in acidic, dry to medium, well-drained, sandy or gritty soils

Leaf arrangement:opposite

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:Branchlets are clad with alternate, entire, short-stalked, leathery, rounded-at-the-tip, obovate to spatulate, evergreen dark green leaves (each to 1 1/4” long) which are shiny above but paler beneath. Leaves turn bronze in winter before becoming green again in spring. Miniature, drooping, urn-shaped, white-to-pink flowers (to 1/4” long) in small terminal clusters bloom in April to May. Rounded, berry-like fruits (drupes) ripen in August-September. Each drupe (1/2” long) contains 5 nutlets (seeds). Drupes are green in summer ripening to red in fall, sometimes remaining on the plants throughout winter. Drupes are bittersweet raw off the plant, but sweeter when first boiled. Fruits are technically edible for humans, but are generally considered to be mealy and lacking flavor.

Limitations: not able to stand traffic

suitable uses:Moderate to large scale ground cover with year round interest. Helps control soil erosion on slopes and hillsides. Effective when grown around shrubs, along sunny border margins, in naturalized areas and in native plant gardens. Rock gardens. Herb gardens. Drape over a wall.

Quick ID:red round berry-like fruits; leathery rounded,obovate evergreen dark leaves


 

3. Cistus x hybridus

Cistus hybritus 9-3.3. Cistus x hybridus

Common name:white rockrose

family name:Cistaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Mickie’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10

Mature height and spread:

height: 3feet

spread: 5feet

Form: mounding

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: drought tolerant when established

Soil requirements:Grow in acidic, dry to medium, well-drained

Leaf arrangement:opposite

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:opposite ovate leaves that are dark grey-green and crinkly. In early to late spring appear the flowers, emerging from red-tinted buds at the tips of the branches opening to 1 1/2 inch wide flowers of a pure white with yellow spots at the petal base and bright yellow stamens

Limitations:not like traffic; no tolerant for shade

suitable uses:rock garden

Quick ID:wavy margin bullate leaves; white flowers


 

4. Cotoneaster horizontalis

9-4. Cotoneaster horizontalis Cotoneaster horizontalis

Common name:rock cotoneaster

family name:Rosaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Tom Thumb’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 1-2.5feet

spread: 5-8feet

Form: coarse, prostrate, slow-growing, horizontally-spreading

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:moist, loamy, well-drained soils

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description: It features five-petaled, small pink flowers in early summer, bright scarlet berries in late summer to fall and tiny, rounded, lustrous, dark green leaves (to 3/8” long) that turn reddish-purple in fall.

Limitations: Susceptible to fireblight, leaf spot and canker. Dense foliage can present maintenance problems because of the difficulty of cleaning dead leaves and trash from the interior of a planting.

suitable uses:Rockspray cotoneaster is a valuable landscape plant which offers good foliage, flowers and fruit, and provides shelter for small birds. Mass as a woody ground cover for sunny areas in the landscape including banks or slopes where it can also provide good erosion control. Sprawl over rocks in rock gardens or along stone walls. Can be espaliered.

Quick ID:alternate ovate leaves; reddish showy fruits


 

5. Fatsia japonica

Fatsia japonica 9-5. Fatsia japonica

Common name: Japanese aralia

family name: Araliaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Aurea’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10

Mature height and spread:

height: 6feet

spread: 6feet

Form: spreading

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:Moist but well-drained

Leaf arrangement: palmated lobs

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:Fatsia are evergreen shrubs with stout, sparsely branched stems bearing large, leathery, palmately lobed leaves and small white flowers in terminal compound umbels, followed by small black fruits

Limitations:shade adapted

suitable uses: edge of gardens

Quick ID: palmated 7-8 lobs; smells like celery; lumbel flower cluster


 

6. Forsythia x intermedia ‘Lynwood’

9-6. Forsythia x intermedia ‘Lynnwood’ Forsythia × intermedia 'Lynwood'

Common name:border forsythia

family name: Oleaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 6-9feet

spread: 6-9feet

Form: naturally-occurring branch

Type:deciduous shrub

Water use:average, medium moisture, well-drained soils

Soil requirements:medium moisture, well-drained soils

Leaf arrangement: decussate

fall color: yellow green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description: It is a vigorous, heavy-blooming forsythia that is noted for producing a spectacular late winter to early spring bloom of somewhat larger-than-usual bright yellow flowers which are abundant and well-distributed along the branches. And those single, axillary, broad-petaled, yellow flowers (to 1 3/4″ long) literally cover the shrub with bloom before the new spring foliage emerges. After flowering, ‘Lynwood’ blends back into the landscape for the remainder of the growing season as an upright-spreading, somewhat nondescript, green-leaved, deciduous shrub. It typically grows to 6-9′ tall and as wide. Ovate leaves with toothed margins are dark green. Leaves turn yellow with purple tinges in fall.

Limitations:Some susceptibility to leaf spot and crown gall.

suitable uses:Group in borders. Foundations. Mass on banks or slopes. Sunny areas of open woodland gardens. Cottage gardens. Hedge.

Quick ID: white breathing poles; decussate leaf arrangement


 

7. Hedera hibernica

Hedera hibernica 9-7. Hedera hibernica

Common name:Atlantic ivy

family name: Araliaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘George Forrest’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 8-12m

spread: 4-8m

Form: climbing

Type:evergreen vine

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:Moist but well-drained

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:Clusters of small yellow-green flowers are followed by usually black berries. Foliage of flowering shoots is often less deeply lobed than that of the sterile, climbing shoots

suitable uses:vertical decoration

Quick ID:evergreen vine; alternate leaves; long petioles; smells like riot celery


 

8. Ilex aquifolium

9-8. Ilex aquifolium Ilex aquifolium

Common name: Englishholly

family name: Aquifoliaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘George Forrest’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Mature height and spread:

height: 30-50feet

spread: 15-25feet

Form: cone

Type: evergreen or deciduous tree

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:average, medium moisture, well-drained soils

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description: leathery, glossy, wavy-margined, evergreen, dark green leaves (1-3” long) have large spiny teeth. Greenish-white flowers appear in May. Flowers are fragrant but generally inconspicuous. Pollinated flowers give way to berry-like red (less frequently orange or yellow) drupes (1/4” diameter) which ripen in fall and persist into winter. Birds are attracted to the fruit.

Limitations:Potential insect problems include holly leaf miner, spider mites, whitefly and scale. Potential disease problems include leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot and powdery mildew. Plants are also susceptible to leaf drop, leaf scorch and chlorosis

suitable uses: English holly is a better ornamental tree than American holly, but it has less winter hardiness and is more difficult to grow in the lower Midwest and deep South. Effective as a specimen or in small groups. Foundation plantings. Foliage and fruit provide good color for the winter landscape.

Quick ID: skiny surface leaf; spined-shape margin; red cherry


 

9. Lonicera ligustrina var. pileata

Lonicera ligustrina var. pileata 9-9. Lonicera ligustrina var. pileata

Common name:privet honeysuckle

family name: Caprifoliaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 6

Mature height and spread:

height: 3-5m

spread: 3-5m

Form: twiggy spreading

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements: well-drained

Leaf arrangement:opposite

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:cream-coloured flowers that produce beautiful purple berries

Limitations:must have either shade or summer irrigation to thrive

suitable uses:shady side of building and path side

Quick ID:opposite yellow green leaves; tiny creamy flower


 

10. Osmanthus x burkwoodii

9-10. Osmanthus x burkwoodii Osmanthus × burkwoodii

Common name: Burkwook osmanthus

family name:Oleaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘George Forrest’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Mature height and spread:

height: 2.5-4m

spread: 2.5-4m

Form: dense, slow-growing

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained

Leaf arrangement:opposite

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:leathery, opposite leaves and small, usually fragrant, tubular white, yellow or orange flowers with 4 lobes, followed by ovoid blue-black fruits

suitable uses:hedge plant; screening plant

Quick ID: opposite intact evergreen leaf; 4 lobbed flowers; fragrant


 

11. Osmanthus delavayi

Osmanthus delavayi 9-11. Osmanthus delavayi

Common name: Delavay osmanthus

family name:Oleaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Mature height and spread:

height: 5-20feet

spread: 7-20feet

Form: dense, rather slow-growing medium-sized

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:Well-drained soil

Leaf arrangement:opposite

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description: rounded or ovate, dark green leaves to 2.5cm in length. Abundant small, highly-scented white flowers in clusters are followed by small, blue-black berries

suitable uses:Hedging & screens banks and slopes low maintenance coastal

Quick ID: serate margin; opposite arrange round leaves


 

12. Photinia x fraseri

9-12. Photinia x fraseri Photinia × fraseri

Common name: Christmas berry

family name: Rosaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Birmingham’

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Mature height and spread:

height: 10-15feet

spread: 10-15feet

Form: Symmetrical upright

Type:evergreen tree

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:Leathery, elliptic to oval, dark green leaves (to 3-4″ long) with finely serrated margins are evergreen. New growth in spring emerges bronze- to copper-red in a showy display lasting about 2-3 weeks. Red leaves gradually change to glossy dark green. Additional pruning may encourage new flushes of red leaves in late spring and summer. Small, 5-petaled, white flowers (1/3″ across) of this rose family shrub bloom in late April in wide, corymbose panicles (to 5-6″ long). Flowers have a very unpleasant aroma, somewhat reminiscent of hawthorns. Flowers may be eliminated by spring pruning geared to stimulate new red leaf growth.

Limitations: leaf spot disease which is particularly troublesome in areas of the deep South where high humidity and moist conditions are prevalent.

suitable uses:hedging

Quick ID: leathery alternate leaves;new branches are bright red


 

13. Prunus lusitanica

Prunus lusitanica 9-13. Prunus lusitanica

Common name:Portugal laurel

family name:Rosaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Variegata’

‘Myrtifolia’

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 12m

spread: 8m

Form: spreading

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained moderately fertile soil in sun or partial shade 

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark

suitable uses:can be good hedges

Quick ID:red long petiole; alternate leaf serate margin


 

14. Pyrus calleryana

9-14. Pyrus calleryana Pyrus calleryana

Common name:callery pear

family name: Rocaeae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Aristoctrat’

‘Chanticleer’

‘Bradford’

‘Capital’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 25-35feet

spread: 20-25feet

Form: upright branching

Type:deciduous tree

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:showy red

Flower/Cone/Fruit description: It has more horizontal branching than on many other callery cultivars. Narrow-oval, glossy dark green leaves (to 3” long) have distinctively wavy margins. Leaves dance in the breeze due to long petioles. Leaves turn attractive reddish-purple to bronze-red in fall. Five-petaled, creamy white flowers (each to 3/4” wide) in dense corymbs appear in profusion in early spring.

Limitations: It is susceptible to limb breakage or splitting from strong winds, snow or ice, but has better structural strength that some other callery cultivars such as P. calleryana ‘Bradford’. It is also susceptible to fireblight. Viable seed can be produced when Callery pear cultivars cross-pollinate. Please see below for more information on its invasive spread in Missouri and other states.

suitable uses:Symmetrically attractive narrow shape makes this cultivar a good selection for a variety of sites. Group or specimen. Small shade tree. May be used as a street tree.

Quick ID:petiole color is same as leaf; broad ovate leaf


 

15. Quercus robur

Quercus robur(2) 9-15. Quercus robur

Common name:English oak

family name:Fagaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Concordia’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-8

Mature height and spread:

height: 40-70feet

spread: 40-70feet

Form: upright, slightly spreading

Type:deciduous tree

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained

Leaf arrangement:

fall color:brown

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:Short-stalked, dark green leaves (3-5” long) with 3-7 blunt lobes per side are blue-green beneath. Small auriculate lobes at the leaf bases distinguish this species from the similar American species of white oak (Quercus alba). Leaves are variable in shape.

Limitations: particularly in humid climates such as the St. Louis area. Oaks in general are susceptible to a large number of diseases, including oak wilt, chestnut blight, shoestring root rot, anthracnose, oak leaf blister, cankers, leaf spots and powdery mildew.

suitable uses:A large shade tree for very large lawns or parks.

Quick ID:3-7 blunt lobs per leaf; red buds; significant petiole


 

16. Rhododendron ‘Unique’

9-16. Rhododendron ‘Unique’ Rhododendron ‘Unique’

Common name:rhododendron ‘Unique’

family name:Ericaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 6

Mature height and spread:

height: 1.5-2.5m

spread: 1.5-2.5m

Form: spreading

Type:evergreen tree

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained soil

Leaf arrangement: alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:rounded mid-green leaves. Narrowly bell-shaped flowers 6cm wide are yellowish-white, tinged pink, opening from pink buds in mid spring

suitable uses:flowering shrub, rhododendron garden  

Quick ID:ovate mid-green leaf; soft yellow flower


 

17. Rhododendron ‘Vulcan’

Rhododendron ‘Vulcan’ 9-17. Rhododendron ‘Vulcan’

Common name:rhododendron ‘Vulcan’

family name:Ericaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Mature height and spread:

height: 5feet

spread: 8feet

Form: spreading

Type:evergreen tree

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained soil

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:The flowers, however, are just as outstanding – a bright red and they are held above the deep green foliage.

suitable uses:flowering shrub, rhododendron garden  

Quick ID:ovate pointed leaf; buds are narrow


 

18. Rhododendron kiusianum hybrids

9-18. Rhododendron kiusianum hybrids Rhododendron kiusianum hybrids

Common name:Kyushu azalea

family name:Ericaceae

 

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7

Mature height and spread:

height: 2-3feet

spread: 0.5feet

Form: upright, slightly spreading

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:Funnel shaped flowers in trusses of 2-3 have 5 stamens and are usually rose-pink but the colour ranges from rose to deep purple, rarely white.

suitable uses:Front of borders, massing, spring interest.

Quick ID:some brown hair on leaf;leaf is ovate


 

19. Stranvaesia davidiana

Stranvaesia davidiana 9-19. Stranvaesia davidiana

Common name:Chinese photinia

family name: Rosaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Palet’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Mature height and spread:

height: 4.8

spread: 2.5-4feet

Form: tall shrub spreading

Type:evergreen shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained soil

Leaf arrangement:alternate

fall color:green

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:simple leaves and panicles of small white flowers, usually followed by red berries;white flowers in late spring are followed by red berries

suitable uses:garden edges; road side tree

Quick ID:long-thin leaf; red showy cherry


 

20. Syringa vulgaris

9-20. Syringa vulgaris Syringa vulgaris

Common name:common lilac

family name:Oleaceae

Useful cultivars and selections:

‘Sensation’

‘Little Boy Blue’

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-7

Mature height and spread:

height: 8-15feet

spread: 6-12feet

Form: irregular, upright, Upright. Lower parts of the branches

Type: deciduous shrub

Water use: medium

Soil requirements:well-drained soil

Leaf arrangement:simple. opposite.

fall color:yellow brown

Flower/Cone/Fruit description:bloom of very fragrant, tubular, 4-lobed, lilac to purple flowers (each to 1/3” long) which bloom in large conical to narrow-pyramidal panicles (to 6-8” long). Flowers give way to loose clusters of smooth, brown, flattened, dehiscent seed capsules (each to 3/ 4” long) which persist into winter if not removed. Glaucous, opposite, pointed-ovate to heart-shaped leaves (2-5” long) are dark gray-green to blue green.

Limitations:Powdery mildew frequently attacks in summer

suitable uses:garden shrub; hedges

Quick ID:heart shaped leaf;  large lilac, fragrant flowers