What is Extra Credit XTRA?

Extra Credit is an online learning podium where users/people can learn about bitcoin and blockchain technologies. The goal is to educate and inform more people on how cryptocurrencies work, then reward them with a cryptocurrency called XTRA for finishing each course.

Today, companies around the world are struggling to find enough experts in block-chains. This problem may be due to the fact that blockchain is brand new and that several schools specialize in blockchain technology. The area is growing and changing almost daily, and the company is struggling to find competent experts.

Extra credit wants to solve this problem by offering a platform where novice users can get more information about the industry. Let’s look carefully at how to make an extra credit works.

How Does Extra Credit Work?

Extra credit offers a platform where users can learn more about bitcoin and blockchain technologies. The platform encourages learning by giving students the opportunity to earn XTRA points when they finish the class or perform well in the competition. Contributors can also make money by offering modules that students can follow.

Investors can invest in Extra credits to earn more revenue. Investors can earn money with courier/commission fees, such as paid promotions and paid sponsorship. Users can also make money by pointing people to the platform through the affiliate program.

The two main elements of the additional credit are additional point marks (XTRA) and BitcoinHomework.

XTRA tokens encourage platform participation, while BitcoinHomework is a learning portal for people of all levels of experience in the cryptocurrency industry. BitocinHomework is a center/hub for sharing ideas and learning about various aspects of the crypto industry.

Generally, Extra credit’s platform consists of subscriptions to free and paid online courses, as well as open and active discussions between various communities. Users can take part in courses or participate in discussion forums, with the general purpose of extending knowledge through the crpto industry.   When a student registers for a course, they will enter into a clever contract. This clever contract offers XTRA tokens at the end of the course. This gives students extra motivation to generate revenue.

What Problems Does Extra Credit Seek to Solve?

There’s already a hiring crunch in the blockchain world. Many companies – including those inside the blockchain industry and those outside – are struggling to hire competent individuals for blockchain-related positions. Establishments like Deloitte, PwC, and KMPG are managing to find personnel who can work in this area of expertise. They have slots for thousands of experts worldwide, but they can’t find enough qualified individuals.

Meanwhile, individuals struggle to become qualified experts in blockchain technology. There are no official blockchain schools, and only a small number of institution that offer blockchain courses or degrees. Colleges are finding it to create educational programs in a field that’s changing on a day-to-day basis.

Who’s Behind Extra Credit?

Extra Credit was created by CEO G. Curtis, defined by the whitepaper as “a idealistic in the world of blockchain development.” G. Curtis is sustained by a squad of blockchain engineers and specialists.

The team was formed in 2017. A website was launched later in the year, with a pre-ICO and ICO taking place throughout December and January.

The Extra Credit XTRA Token Sale

The Extra Credit coin token sale for XTRA tokens began with a pre-ICO on December 1, 2017 monitored by a general ICO in Q1 2018.

XTRA tokens are ERC20 tokens built on the Ethereum blockchain. The tokens have a fixed price of $0.10 throughout the ICO.

Of the total supply of tokens, 300 million are reserved for the public ICO (50% of the total supply), with the remaining tokens reserved for the pre-sale (100 million or 16.7% of the total supply), the Extra Credit team (150 million or 25%), bug bounties and promotions (5 million or 0.8%), pre-sale bonuses (20 million or 3.3%), and an ICO referral program (5 million or 4.2%). There’s a total supply of 600 million tokens.




Extra Credit XTRA Conclusion

Extra Credit claims to be the world’s first educational cryptocurrency. The platform will offer a variety of free and paid courses, including courses offered by sponsors. Students enter into a smart contract when they sign up for a course, then receive payment in XTRA tokens at the completion of the course.



Game of Thrones Re-imagined As If It was Filmed in Canada with Canadian Actors

Game of Thrones is one of the most sought-after famous TV shows across the corners of the world in the recent times. Combining the features of some fantastic realms along with devious characters, the show is known for its ultimate choice of interesting back story backed by history, interesting characters, and exotic locations which give it an edge over the other global shows. Visualizing the famous TV series in a Canadian setup, the much-awaited “Game of Canada” is making rounds the globe with its iconic cast replacements with famous Canadian stars and re-imaginations of the Westeros in some of the beautiful Canadian landscapes.

The site gameofcanada.com examines 10 prominent characters of the original “Game of Thrones” and compares them with prolific Canadian leading names embodying the major attributes of the versatile personalities of different characters. The site http://gameofcanada.com/ also portrays the Westeros map in which the different locations are compared to the Canadian counterparts.

Some of the most spectacular Game of Thrones characters re-imagined in the Game of Canada include:

  • Jon Snow: Ryan Reynolds has replaced the original Kit Harington to offer a sharper edge to the given character of Jon Snow. Being the heartthrob of the show, Ryan Reynolds has been considered iconic enough to portray the given role by revealing an overall tender personality and the loveable rogue character throughout the plot.


  • Daenerys Targaryen: Extremely fierce, grounded, and headstrong Malin Akerman has replaced the original character of Emilia Clarke in the Game of Canada series. Akerman’s fierce and strong personality makes her an ultimate choice for portraying the ethereal beauty of the Targaryen along with her unending strength and valor.


  • Tyrion Lannister: Unaffected by his incapability due to his shorter height, the strong character of Tyrion Lannister is depicted by the actor Jordan Prentice in the Game of Canada. The witty and humorous character of Tyrion is reflected well upon Jordan who possesses immense acting capability that matches his overall persona in the given character.


  • Jaime Lannister: Game of Canada presents Justin Bieber as the perfect character for the role of Jaime Lannister given his much adored rogue personality and youthful fame.


  • Cersei Lannister: Highly political, passionate, and elegant -Cersei Lannister is the Game of Thrones character requiring full justice to the role. As such, Game of Canada represents Anita Sarkeesian for highlighting the major aspects of Cersei Lannister. Both women are known to be immensely fierce, strong, and powerful when it comes to depicting the most influential characters in the given plot.


  • Melisandre: Though not as psychic, Kristin Kreuk is considered an ideal choice for depicting the role of Melisandre in the Game of Canada. Her strikingly beautiful features blended with the high level of intelligence makes ground for the perfect justice done to the role of Melisandre in the Game of Canada.


In addition to the important characters, the Game of Canada also goes forward with replacing some of the major locations of Westeros with significant Canadian landscapes. Being home to some of the most breathtaking views and historic sites, Canada is the perfect respite for re-imagining the Game of Thrones the Canadian way.

  • Winterfell: As per the Game of Canada, the location of the Fortress of the Old Quebec City is going to be an ideal location for Winterfell. Perched on a high snow-fed mountain, the Fortress overlooks the historical Quebec City and its glorious past.


  • The Vale of Arryn: For this location, the spectacular Fortress Mountain is considered the best Canadian landscape. A very famous filming location, the Fortress Mountain is located in the province of Alberta and is known for its misty, unique, and big surroundings.


  • King’s Landing: Game of Canada has a multitude of options when it comes to selecting the perfect location for the King’s Landing. The options include the historical Quebec City, Girona, Dubrovnic, and various others.


  • The North: Canada’s Great White North is well-covered in snow most of the times and offers amazing filming locations for the Game of Canada.


Canada has a lot to offer in terms of the right characters and breathtaking landscapes for re-imagining the Game of the Thrones in the Canadian version.


All You Need to Know About Chewing Tobacco & E-Cigarettes

The world in which we live is filled with many different types of people. There many different factors that make us all different from one another, for example; temperaments, characteristics, nature, and unique personality traits­­—all individuals tend to differ from one another in various ways. One major way we can distinguish people one person from another pertains more to the ways in which a person chooses to live, which includes lifestyle choices and daily habits.

All of us tend to have varying lifestyle habits. Some of them turn out to be good habits while others could be highly detrimental to our overall health & personality. One such damaging lifestyle habit practiced by individuals across the world is the habit of consuming tobacco in one form or the other. While one of the more common ways of tobacco consumption is through smoking cigarettes, another common way of using tobacco is through chewing it.

Both men and women around the world find this form of tobacco use highly addictive. While there is no exact date of origin of when the habit actually began, the habit of chewing tobacco has been a trend for many years. People from all corners of the Earth have practiced the habit of chewing tobacco and other related products since earlier ages.

With chewing tobacco, other significant forms of consuming tobacco on a daily basis include smoking tobacco through cigarettes or electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes or vaping), and pipes. Whatever the hype or latest trends may be on the different ways of consuming tobacco, all forms generally have some sort of damaging effects to the overall health and well-being of an individual.

Over the past two or three decades, the health risks of using tobacco in any form have been revealed to the world. Still, even after being aware of the fact that tobacco use could have some serious impacts on health and well-being, people around the world continue to use tobacco in one form or another due to the fact that this common lifestyle habit is highly their addictive.

Origins of Chewing Tobacco

Though the use of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes is seemingly on the rise in as of late, several people across the globe still prefer chewing raw tobacco. The habit of chewing tobacco is said to have been around since ancient times. The interesting history of the habit of chewing tobacco dates back to the times of the Native American people.  As one study revealed, people in ancient times used to chew the raw, bitter leaves of tobacco plants and not what we know as tobacco today, which was mostly without any processing or refinement and was consumed raw for the purpose of extracting nicotine. It is unclear whether or not tobacco was used religious purposes or for addictive purposes.

With the arrival of the first colonists in the world, the habit of chewing tobacco spread worldwide. The colonists refined the existing process as the people of earlier times did not prefer the taste of raw tobacco leaves. The tobacco that was consumed by the native colonists of those generations was in the form of dried leaves. As such, additional sugar or spices were added to make it highly appetizing.

Gradually, the practice of chewing tobacco as a daily lifestyle habit soon spread around with more people including sportsmen and leading celebrities consuming tobacco through a variety of methods, which ultimately led to an even more widespread culture of consuming or chewing tobacco on a regular basis. In recent times, people have observed the rise in the consumption of snuff tobacco. This type of tobacco consumption is regarded as smokeless tobacco, instead of chewing tobacco. Snuff comes in the form of ground up tobacco leaves that individuals can sniff through their noses.

Negative Effects of Chewing Tobacco

While there is no denying the fact that apart from quenching one’s addiction to tobacco, the habit of chewing tobacco may not seem have any affirmative results on the overall health and well-being of an individual but it actually does. However, studies show that chewing tobacco is known to contain as many as 28 cancer-causing chemicals, known as “carcinogens” in medical terms. The major carcinogens contained in chewing tobacco are known to be tobacco-specific TSNAs (nitrosamines). Additionally, there are other cancer-causing chemicals found in chewing tobacco including cadmium, formaldehyde, benzo pyrene, acetaldehyde, arsenic, and nickel.

Nicotine is another major chemical found in most chewing tobaccos and even in snuff. This causes tobacco addiction and makes it highly difficult for any individual to easily quit using tobacco. As one becomes addicted to tobacco, it slowly eats away the health and well-being of the user. There are several people who switch to electronic cigarettes as an ideal alternative to chewing tobacco.

Chewing cigarettes or electronic cigarettes are designed to provide nicotine in the form of vapors to users without burning any real tobacco. However, even smokeless cigarettes or electronic cigarettes serve as a highly addictive substance due to the nicotine content contained in some vape juices and e-liquids. Additionally, the habit of smoking or chewing most substances is difficult for most people to break.

Potential Health Risks of Chewing Tobacco

There are several kinds of potential major health risks that an individual might face if he or she is addicted to consuming chewing tobacco. Regular users of chewing tobacco and snuff are at enhanced risks of particular types of cancer, specifically oral cancers such as in the gums, cheeks, tongue, in the floor or roof of the mouth, lips, and throat. Some medical research also reveals that chewing tobacco could lead to cancers of other body parts including pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, esophageal cancer, as well as other possible cancers.

Facts Related to Chewing Tobacco You Must Know

In most regions around the world, smokeless tobacco comes in two significant types: Chewing tobacco and snuff. The terms chewing tobacco and spit tobacco are usually used for referring to smokeless tobacco.

Below are some additional facts about chewing tobacco that are worth noting:

  • Chewing tobacco contains around 28 carcinogens while tobacco cigarettes tend to have over 70 carcinogen elements.


  • Studies have revealed that chewing tobacco could lead to a number of gum-related diseases, leukoplakia, tooth decay along with other related health issues that could eventually end up causing cancer.


  • The potential of premature delivery and stillbirth cases have substantially increased in the cases where the mother consumes smokeless or chewing tobacco during her pregnancy stages.


  • Research has also revealed that individuals who consume chewing tobacco on a regular basis have higher concentrations of NNAL and serum cotinine than smokers. Chewing tobacco users also tend to have significant higher levels of lead in their blood stream leading to major health issues.


  • Long-term consumers of chewing tobacco are usually at an increased risk of neck & head cancer.


Quitting Chewing Tobacco

Due to the major health risks and lifelong ailments often caused by the consumption of chewing tobacco on a regular basis, it is advised that individuals try to quit (or at least cut back) on this addictive habit as soon as possible. Not much good comes from chewing tobacco because of the effects it has been known to have on one’s health and overall well-being.

There are several potential alternatives available including the use of vaping and electronic cigarettes that a person should consider using to help them overcome the habit of consuming chewing tobacco. However, even vaping and e-cigarettes come with their own sets of harmful risks to overall health as some oils and juices also contain nicotine or its derivatives, therefore, making them highly addictive in nature.

Though there are fewer side effects of vaping in comparison to chewing tobacco, some of the possible symptoms might include constant coughing, sore throat, shortness of breath, and possibly other health symptoms. It might be best to consider trying alternatives such as vaping and e-cigarettes to help quit chewing tobacco as many users have seen some overall improvements in their heath with the use of electronic cigarettes because there are fewer chemicals in vape juices with some herbal options.



Simon Arias The Inspiring Story of an Entrepreneur

Insurance has had a lot of big names in the industry but there aren’t any that are much bigger than Simon Arias. He is leader, mentor, “family-man” and an entrepreneur who learned from just a few years in the industry, and came out on top. Simon’s biography is quite extensive and it has shown how much someone can accomplish. Many people view him as the perfect example of the American dream.

Simon grew up in Ohio with only his mother in the picture. In order to provide for him, his mother was out of the house most of the time working multiple jobs. Without a mother home and the positive influence of a father, Simon slipped into the gang world and became involved in drugs and guns. He even spent some time in juvie.

A caring support network of family, friends, and mentors came to Simon’s aid though. All of the people who care for him, came together and managed to put him on the right track. Throughout high school and college football powered him to be a better person and taught him to be a leader.

After college Simon started off in the insurance world and took notes. Within a few years he started his own company that became very successful. Throughout the years he has passed on several pieces of advice that anyone can benefit from. Here are some of the biggest tips that can be taken from Simon’s career.

Take Notes

Find people that are succeeding where you want to and take notes on what they are doing. Simon Arias credits part of his growth to observing what others did, from the knowledge he gathered he could follow in their footsteps and avoid mistakes they may have made. Taking away from the notes is important, that means that you actually need to review them to learn from them.

Find Mentors

Throughout his career, Simon has looked for people to learn from. Besides just taking notes, he sought out those that could help them. Finding the right people is important but what is even more important, is convincing them that you deserve their mentorship. Keeping hold of these people throughout your career will help you to continue to grow.

Family Comes First

Simon Arias wouldn’t be where he is today if it weren’t for his mother. His mother worked really hard to raise him. Then, when he was in trouble, it was his family who worked to pull him right back on to the proper track. You have to take care of your family because they are the ones who take care of you. His family first mindset is boldly printed on his biography on his website.

You Have To Give To Get

When giving out advice to other would-be entrepreneurs, one of the most common tips that you will get from Simon is that you have to focus down on work. If you invest a lot of time upfront, you will get the groundwork for your life built and then you can relax. You need to put the work in before you can start relaxing and partying.

Often times that means you will have to sacrifice something whether it is going to a party or watching your favorite television show on time. It might also mean passing on making a big purchase. All that comes after you have built up your company.

Be Helpful And Humble

If you go up to Simon Arias and ask him why he is successful he will give you those tips that you read above, but that isn’t where he will stop. He will tell you that it is also because of the people he works with. These people are part of the team that has helped his business grow. One of the biggest virtues that Simon promotes is humbleness. With a little humbleness you can show others that what they do matters and this can inspire them to be bigger.

When Simon talks about his business or his sports days, he will always credit his team members. That tells a lot about a person that they are ready to put others up on a pedestal right next to them.

While a lot of this is paraphrased, all of it has come from Simon Arias life. He is a prominent speaker with years of experience to back up his advice. Take each of these tips to mind, and learn to grow like one of this generation’s major business professionals. You never know where the world can take you.



Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certification & Training Programme by Simplilearn

Are you looking for ways to develop successful projects in your organization? Projects on some industry-based niche can be hard to accomplish at certain times. The Six Sigma Greenbelt Certification by Simplilearn will help you in easily completing successful projects by developing the problem-solving skills. When to obtain the Lean Six Sigma Greenbelt certification & training course by Simplilearn, you will learn the basic principles of developing & managing industry-based projects in any organization. Most of the individuals fail to deliver their best when it comes to project development & its overall management. The specialized Lean Six Sigma Green Belt certification & training course by Simplilearn comes under the 2nd stage of the high-end Lean Six Sigma Master program by Simplilearn.

When you obtain the Lean Six Sigma Green Belt certification & training course by Simplilearn, you will be able to learn the basic principles of the particular Lean Six Sigma Green Belt course. In addition to this, you will also learn about the successful ways of implementing high-quality projects as well as applications, as well as how to utilize the specialized Minitab tool to bring about productive statistical analysis of the given project. The given course of Lean Six Sigma Green Belt training & certification is aimed to align towards IASSC and ASQ exams and brings about the integration of DMAIC and Lean Six Sigma Green Belt basic concepts as well as methodologies by making use of real-life examples and case studies. When you obtain the special Lean Six Sigma Green Belt training & certification course from Simplilearn, it will offer you the desired skills towards empowering your team & the overall organization for enhanced & consistent improvement.

Key Features of the Lean Six Sigma Greenbelt Certification & Training Course by Simplilearn

By obtaining the highly comprehensive Lean Six Sigma Greenbelt Certification & Training course by Simplilearn, you are able to develop your overall skill sets effectively towards contributing majorly to any project & the overall organization. As such, the program offers certain specialized features that aim to enhance your overall experience of taking up the certification course:

  • Intensive Training: The course offers over 40 hours of intensive training which is offered by some of the highly qualified and experienced instructors in the given field.


  • High-Quality Learning: The course of Lean Six Sigma Green Belt by Simplilearn aims at promoting the highest level of quality learning being offered to the candidates. As such, it is ensures that the candidates receive around 27 hours of high-quality e-learning by some of the best instructors and guides in the given industry.


  • Reputed Alignment: The given course of Lean Six Sigma Green Belt by Simplilearn has been aligned to ASQ and IASSC. This offers higher reliability assurance to the candidates that they are receiving the best in the industry.


  • Practical Approach: The given course follows a highly practical approach with as many as 4 real life projects and 4 simulation test papers along with important Lean Six Sigma Green Belt exam questions. This allows for the overall development of the candidates to help them evolve as efficient workforce in any organization.


  • SelfPaced Learning: With over 180 days of access to high-quality, self-paced learning materials that are designed by the industry experts, the given course aims at ensuring top-notch development of the necessary skills and knowledge base for the candidates.


Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certification & Training Course Objectives

The given course of Lean Six Sigma Greenbelt by Simplilearn has been designed to ensure that the candidates are able to clear the main exam of Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certification in the first attempt itself. The training offered by the highly qualified industry experts and instructors strives towards offering an overall view of the Six Sigma program along with the necessary organizational goals. The course aims at showing you the necessary steps for applying the DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control) technique. It also ensures that the candidates are able to measure the current performance in the given organization towards identifying different projects, the root causes of the possible issues, and generating & implementing effective solutions with real life applications under various industry case studies in the given organization.

The particular Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certification & Training course by Simplilearn has been aligned with the highly reputed certification exams of the leading institutions of the Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certification including ASQ and IASSC. Once the certification course is complete, as a candidate, you will be able to become a major stakeholder by leading as well as implementing the real-life Lean Six Sigma Green Belt projects in your organization. Additionally, you will also be able to describe the ways of identifying an improvement project by following the detailed DMAIC methodology as taught in the given certification & training course. Make the best of it!


How to Turn your Ideas into an Invention

Hundreds of thousands of people around the world get fabulous invention ideas, but only a handful of them succeed in turning those ideas into reality. The main difference between the people who succeed in following their dreams and the ones that are left behind in consistency.

Coming up with an idea is the easy part. Turning that idea around and convincing people to invest in it and the market to purchase it is the hardest part. Before an idea becomes an invention, it has to go through several steps and stages. Some of these steps are lengthy and complicated. Some invention ideas never make it to the market simply because the inventor didn’t follow the ‘right’ channels or lost interest along the way.

Many ideas have been taken from their original inventor due to lack of knowledge of proper protection of the innovations. To protect your innovation from potential copyright, you need to patent your innovation. A patent prevents any other party from making an exact copy of your device for a given period. Just like any other process, patenting is complex and requires licensed and highly qualified people to take you through the procedure.

Another equally important but complicated stage is the funding stage. Unless you have sufficient funds to grow your idea, you need people to fund your invention. When approaching an investor, you need to consider the following:

Financial capability of the investor: Will they manage to fund you all the way and how much are they willing to ‘risk’ with you?

Market Connection: Going for an investor with deep pockets is a good idea, but going for an investor with deep pockets and a market connection is the best idea. This investor will not only give you funds, but he/she will use their influence to the market to get your product in the market in a short period.

Percentage of equity they are demanding: An investor will only fund your business if they in return are given a certain percentage of your company. Some investors make a mistake of giving away a huge percentage of their business to someone else, and by the time they realize their mistake, it’s already too late.

The points mentioned above are just a tip of the iceberg. There are so many corporate and legal things that go into turning your invention into a successful business. That’s why inventors are always encouraged to seek help from people with enough experience in dealing with such matters. These people will guide you and make sure you don’t make mistakes that will have harmful effects on your business.

A great place to start for any innovator is InventHelp. The company is dedicated to helping people turn their invention ideas into reality. It has served thousands of people around the world, and by doing so, it has changed the lives of many. Next time you plan on pursuing your invention idea, make sure to pay InventHelp a visit to understand what they can do for you https://www.facebook.com/inventhelp/.


Tips for Budget-Friendly Packing & Moving

Are you making a move to some other place in the city or outside the city? Moving can be a daunting process –both in terms of the overhead involved and financially. There are a lot of things to consider while making the move to some other place. If you happen to be on a tight budget, then packing & moving your belongings might seem a difficult process.

If you are constrained by budget requirements while making your move, then you can take help from the expert tips as:

  • Try Getting Free Boxes: Boxes or storage units play the most important role while you need to pack your essentials while moving to some place. However, these might serve expensive as buying boxes can be a costly affair. If you wish to save a big amount on your moving, then you can try getting some free boxes to achieve the packing task. You can try help from some local departmental stores wherein there are stocks of unused packing storage units of different sizes. You might get these boxes at a very minimal price or even for free if you make the necessary requests.


  • Make Use of Old Papers: You might need a lot of packing paper for packing away essential, delicate items of your household. In such cases, you can search for old papers and newspapers in your house and utilize the same for packing your different array of items. This will save you a lot of money on buying expensive packaging materials unnecessarily.


  • Do Your Research Well: When you are searching for best local movers and moving companies, you must do your part of the research well enough. You must compare the overall moving rates along with the different set of additional services being offered to you by different packers & movers services. As such, you can come up with the best moving company that fulfills your budget needs.


  • Plan in Advance: When you are aware of your move, you can start planning the same in advance. As such, when you start packing your essentials quite earlier than the stipulated date, you can sort out a lot of stuff. For instance, you can easily get rid of the unwanted materials in your home that you might not need in your new home. By doing this, you can cut-short the overall packing & moving expenses effortlessly.



  • Pack Smartly: When you pack smartly, this can help you in saving significantly on your overall budget. When your packing is sorted, it can automatically result into a budget-friendly move that reduces the overall overhead upon you. Start packing in advance and aim towards de-cluttering things to the maximum. You must discard the things that you do not need in your new home. When the items that need to be moved are minimized, the cost gets reduced substantially.


  • Sell Unwanted Items: Wouldn’t it be a great option if you got to reduce your moving cost and earn some money at the same time? This is what you can aim towards while packing the essential items for your new home. While doing the packing, a lot of unwanted stuffs might come up. If they are in good condition, you can try getting rid of them. Try selling them to someone or to a shop that accepts second-hand items. This way, you can earn some additional money as well.


Take help from these tips to make your move in a budget-friendly manner!