The drinking water which is supplied at homes comes affected by harmful chemicals as it is treated at plants first and then transferred for further processing. During this phase, all the essential minerals that are present in the water get washed away and it acquires a lot of impurities which might cause health hazards if consumed directly. To cope with this, you need to use a proper filtration process that would help in removing impurities from water and make it safe for consumption. One of the main contaminants present in water is TDS or total dissolved solids which still remain in water even after a normal filtration process and are often larger than 2 microns in size. Excessive TDS levels in water change the taste of water over the course of time and cause health issues if consumed regularly without knowing.
It has been observed that the water that is supplied in your home often exceeds the maximum possible level of the TDS which is present in water and is not suitable for consumption and can cause issues related to health. If the level of sodium, potassium, and chlorides are higher in water, then there might be a sudden increase in the TDS levels. While on the other hand, the presence of toxic ions such as nitrate, lead, arsenic, and cadmium can add to the contamination. Families that have small kids should take care of what they are giving their children to drink as they are more sensitive towards the water contaminants. The best measure that you can take with regards to water purification is to get a purifier installed in your home that would keep the TDS under control and prevent impurities.
It is necessary to get the TDS levels in water checked as a high amount of the same can cause the water to become salty and bitter in taste. At times, this can also prove to be hazardous in nature and cause serious health issues. Another reason is that it makes the water hard which can contaminate the water pipes and harm the kitchen utensils if used regularly. In order to check the TDS levels, one can take help of the TDS meter and get the water tested for determining the impurity levels.
There are three ways of removing TDS from the water that is supplied in your home which is as follows:
Reverse Osmosis (R.O.)
This particular process helps in removing the TDS by putting pressure on the water through a synthetic membrane which consists of microscopic pores that allow molecules smaller than 0.0001 micros to get through it. Since the dissolved metal and salt molecules are quite large in comparison to the water molecules, the water would automatically squeeze through the membrane and push off metals and salts behind.
In this process, water is boiled to produce water vapor which then rises to a cool surface and condenses back into the liquid form. During this process, the dissolved salts do not vapourize and remain the boiling solution.
This particular method of TDS removed involves passing the water through positive and negative electrode. The membrane which is ion selective separate the positive ions from the water which then move towards the negative electrode. As a result, the water gets de-ionized and becomes pure.
When it comes to choosing the water purifiers, these are mainly of two types from which you can choose the one that would suit the water supply in your home.
The RO purifiers well perfectly for homes which get water supplied from borewells which often have high TDS levels.
If the water supply in your home comes from municipality works, then the UV water purifiers are certainly a better choice.
There are a plethora of popular water purifier brands which supply these two types of purifiers which are suitable for modern homes and available at feasible prices. If you have been facing issues related to TDS, then it time that you get the water sample checked and get a purifier installed in your home to avoid any health hazards in your family.
Hope you are now aware of the TDS and how it affects the quality of water. Make sure you get the water type checked so as to avoid casualties in the future.