October 9 Class Summary

Thomas More, Utopia (1515)

  • Collectivist
  • Lack of private property
  • Agrarian Rotation
  • Hinterland
  • No social stratification

John Bellers, Proposals for Raisinng a Colledge of Industry (1696)

  • Designed for profit of upper class through Joint-Stock company
  • Good living conditions for lower classes
  • Education for youth
  • Use of Certificates (pay for labour) instead of money
  • Company Town
  • Complimentary Industries

Claude Nicolas Ledoux, Architecture considered under the reaction of art and legislation (1808)

  • Chaux De Fond
  • Ellipse
  • Central public buildings
  • Similar to Panopticon

Robert Owen

  • Social Reformer
  • Community organized into one large linear building
  • Contained all the elements of a city (industry, residential etc.) within one compartmentalized structure
  • Proposed a radical new form of social organization in which children (older than three years old) would be organized and raised in cohorts
  • Population of 1.200 people
Charles Fourier, The Theory of Four Movements and General Destinies (1808); A Treatise on Domestic and Agricultural Association (1822)
  • Phalanstère
  • Self Sufficient society
  • Organized in townships
  • No private property
  • Capitalism abolished
Saint-Simon, Of the Reorganization of European Society (1814)
  • Anarchist reorganization of society
  • Lack of state coercion
  • No need for laws or police to oppressively uphold them
  • Economy based on industrial associations of independent workers
James Silk Buckingham, National Evils and Practical Remedies (1849)
  • Alleviate London population growth
  • Joint-Stock Company
  • Capitalist
  • Population of 10,000 people
  • Cured evils of society through temperance




1 thought on “October 9 Class Summary

  1. Jesse I thought this was an awesome summary of the class. It might be useful to go into a bit more detail such as to define some things. One thing that I noticed and had to look up was the definition of Phalanstère. Here is the definition that I found in case anyone else was having the same problem and wanted more clarification

    Phalanstère: A phalanstère (or Phalanstery) was a type of building designed for Utopian communities and developed in the early 19th century by Charles Fourier. Based on the idea of a phalanx ( which is a rectangular mass military formation), this self-contained community ideally consisted of 1500-1600 people working together for mutual benefit.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *