1. Forum description
The minimalist research program (Chomsky 1995 et seq.) creates a paradox for movement operations: Merge is conceptually necessary, but Move – and its accompanying Agree relation – is not. Yet there are many natural language phenomena which are insightfully analyzed using the metaphors of movement and agreement. We wish to theorize the paradox of Move/Agree (Keupdjio 2020), namely why does Move/Agree exist at all, if it is conceptually unnecessary? This forum focuses on the syntactic contexts that can be analyzed as instances of A′-movement and which are also associated with A′-agreement; g. content questions, relativization, information-structure operations like topicalization and focus. The agreement morphology that arises with A′-movement is known under various names:
- A′-agreement (Schneider-Zioga 1995, Chen 2017, Keupdjio 2020);
- wh-agreement (Chung 1994, Carstens 2005, Reintges, LeSourd & Chung 2006, Hedinger 2008, Schneider-Zioga 2009, Lochbihler & Mathieu 2010);
- wh-copying (Fanselow & Mahajan 2000, Felser 2004);
- extraction morphology (Zentz 2016);
- complementizer agreement (McCloskey 2001, Carstens 2003);
- reflex of successive cyclic movement (van Urk 2015, Georgi 2017).
Grouping these various morphological reflexes of A′-movement together as instances of A′-agreement, this forum explores the connection between A′-movement and A′-agreement with two goals in mind:
- to gain a broader and deeper empirical coverage of A′-agreement via case studies of typologically distinct languages from a variety of language families;
- to move forward the theory of A′-agreement defined as a non-local morphosyntactic feature-sharing mechanism that correlates with A′-movement (Baier 2018).
2. Location and dates: This online forum, jointly hosted by The University of British Columbia (Vancouver) and McGill University (Montréal), will take place over a period of 5 days: Monday 31 May through to Friday 04 June 2021. For details on the format of the workshop, see below.
3. Confirmed invited speakers
Confirmed tutorial speakers
Cedric Boeckx Thinking big: biolinguistics
Amy Rose Deal How agreement works, with special reference to A’-features
Marcel den Dikken Copular constructions, A′-movement and A′-agreement
Mara Frascarelli Move and Agree as discourse-related dependencies
Hedde Zeijlstra The syntax and semantics behind A’-agree and A’-movement
Confirmed forum presenters
Nico Baier formal typology: On the Nature of Complex A/A’-Probes
Chris Hammerly psycholinguistics: Processing relativization in Ojibwe
Chris Reintges diachrony: Coptic hidden movement configurations
Susana Béjar and
Arsalan Kahnemuyipour Armenian and Persian: Agreement in binominal copular clauses
Victoria Chen Austronesian: What agrees, why and how: A view from Austronesian
Michael Hamilton Algonquian: Agreement and discourse-configurationality in Algonquian
Marianne Huijsmans Salishan: ʔayʔaǰuθəm subject agreement
Carol-Rose Little Mayan: Subextraction and Agree: A Mayan perspective
Martina Martinović Atlantic-Congo: Exhaustivity and Predication in A’-extraction in Wolof
Astrid van Alem and
Marjo van Koppen Germanic: The effect of A’-contexts on A-agreement
Jenneke van der Wal Bantu: Information structure as A-syntax
Coppe van Urk Nilotic: Feature-driven movement and the syntax of successive cyclicity
Nicholas Welch Na-Dene: TBA
4. Call for papers:
We welcome contributions addressing the formal analysis of A′-movement as it relates to A′-agreement. Priority will be given to abstracts focused on the following research questions:
- Which contexts condition A′-agreement? A′-movement is associated with a variety of operator-sensitive contexts (Chomsky 1980, Cinque 1990). The correlated A′-agreement may occur in some or all of these contexts leading to this question: what determines where A′-agreement occurs?
- What is the realization of A′-agreement in a given language?
What is the form of A′-agreement? Does it involve an overt morpheme in the form of concordial agreement (Chung 1994; Carstens 2005; Zentz 2016) or a particle (Epée 1976), allomorphy (Keupdjio 2020), a change in linear order (e.g. French stylistic inversion, cf. Kayne and Pollock 1978, 2001), a change in tone (Clements 1979; Zaenen 1983; Korsah and Murphy 2015; Georgyi 2017; Keupdjio 2020), a change in phonological phrasing, intonation, or something else?
- What is the locus of A′-agreement? Is A′-agreement realized on functional heads (e.g. T, Neg, C) or on lexical heads (e.g. V, N)? (Keupdjio 2020); at the extraction site (e.g. as a resumptive pronoun or clitic) or at the landing site?; as a single exponent (i.e. realized once only) or as multiple exponents (i.e. realized several times across the A′-dependency)? (Georgi 2017; Keupdjio 2020).
- How is A′-agreement modelled as a kind of agreement?
Which theories of agreement generalize to A′-agreement? For example, mechanisms of feature-sharing and feature-inheritance are compatible with full interpretation of all features (Pesetsky & Torrego 2006; Chomsky 2008; Gallego 2014). In contrast, mechanisms of feature-checking, feature-transfer, or feature-deletion require that some features be uninterpretable, which is incompatible with full interpretation (Pesetsky & Torrego 2001; Gallego 2009; Carstens 2016).
- How does A′-agreement interact with other types of φ-feature agreement such as number or gender? (Deal 2015; Carsten 2005; Baier 2018).
- How does A′-agreement bear on the debate about how to formulate derivation by phase? The major difference is whether phases are static or dynamic (Gallego 2009: 112).
Static treatments include treating every Merge or XP as a phase (Epstein & Seely 2002; Müller 2010), treating only vP as a phase (Rakowski and Richards 2005), and treating only vP and CP as phases (Chomsky 2000, 2008; van Urk 2015; Georgi 2017).
Dynamic treatments attend to phonological, morphological, or semantic correlates of (in)dependence (Fox & Pesetsky 2005, Den Dikken 2007, Gallego 2007, Wurmbrand 2012, Harwood 2015, Ramchand & Svenonius 2014, Bošković 2014, Sailor 2014, Aelbrecht & Harwood 2015, Keupdjio 2020).
- What does the formal syntax of A′-agreement reveal about interface issues?
What does the syntax of A′-agreement reveal about the interface between phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics? Does A′-agreement depend on any other phenomena? Does A′-agreement develop from other grammatical phenomena?
• What does the syntax of A′-agreement reveal us about formal language typology, language variation, and language change? Is A′-agreement associated with specific language families? Is A′-agreement associated with specific language areas? Does A′-agreement occur accidentally or is it a historical tendency? Is A′-agreement rare or just underreported?
• What does the syntax of A′-agreement reveal about human cognition relative to language acquisition and language processing (including perception, production, and lateralization)?
Format of the Forum
This forum is — a public space of open discussion — for leading-edge research on the formal syntax of A’-agreement. As such, it combines three activities distributed across the 5 days of the forum as follows:
- On Monday and Tuesday, one hour tutorial sessions on topics relating to movement and agreement.
- On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday:
- invited talks with panel discussions on A′-movement and A′-agreement in general and on specific language families (Algonquian, Austronesian, Indo-European, Mayan, Na-Dene, Niger-Congo, Nilotic and Salishan) and languages;
- talks from anonymous abstract submissions on research related to A′-movement and A′-agreement.
Abstracts should not exceed two pages, including data, references, and diagrams. Abstracts should be typed in 11-point font, with one-inch margins (US letter or A4). Abstracts must be anonymous; remove or hide any author-identifying information. Only electronic submissions will be accepted. Please submit your abstract using EasyChair.
Conference start date: May 31, 2021
Conference end date: June 04, 2021
First Call for papers: January18, 2021
Abstract submission deadline: March 05, 2021
Second Call for papers: February 19, 2021
Notification of acceptance: March 15, 2021
Abstract submission link: https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=moveagree2021
Cities: Montréal and Vancouver
Contact information: Hermann Keupdjio (firstname.lastname@example.org)