Tag Archives: teacher training

Module 4 Weblog- Erin Howard

I must say that this weblog assignment has been vital to my learning in the class. Through my research and “web-travels”, I went down many necessary rabbit holes and discovered amazing resources. I have also learned through the posts of my peers. This is a site I will bookmark and continue to refer to throughout my career as an educator.

University of Saskatchewan Indian Teacher Education Program (ITEP)

Many of the readings and videos in the last two modules spoke to the need for trained teachers in Northern areas who were a part of the community and made long lasting connections with students. The students in the videos spoke about how important it was to have Indigenous teachers from their very own communities. As I watched, I wondered how Canadian post-secondary institutions were addressing this need through their programming. I found a great example from the University of Saskatchewan that supports Indigenous students who would like to become teachers. Applicants are encouraged through a coordinator and also flexible admission for new and mature students. The curriculum integrates subject matter that will prepare teachers to work with Indigenous students. I came across another related page that showed how U of S also offers an Indigenous Languages Certificate for any educator to enrich their education.

Think Indigenous Podcast

The Think Indigenous Podcast comes out of the ITEP program (linked in above posting) at the U of S. The podcast is situated at the intersection of “digital media, education, and Indigenous storytelling” and features many interesting and knowledgeable guest speakers. I just discovered this podcast and will need to catch up on past episodes, but it is incredibly relevant to this class as it is all about Indigenous education. A description on its websites promises that the program “peels back the layers, shines a light on and celebrates best practices in Indigenous education!”. It is available for free on many platforms and there is even an accompanying conference that people can attend. I am very impressed at the Indigenous education initiatives coming out of the University of Saskatchewan!

Redefining How Success is Measured in First Nations, Inuit, and Metis Learning- Canadian Council on Learning

This document is about 10 years old but the principles in it are very relevant to today when we are looking at strategies to assist with Indigenizing curriculum. It is also very applicable to any level in education (K-post secondary) that serves indigenous students. The document outlines best practices in several areas: understanding FNMI learners, redefining how Indigenous success in education is measured and looking at holistic learning models and forms of assessment. Place based learning is explored throughout the document, as well as the need to integrate community, language, and Elders into education. The document is full of statistics, quotes from educators, evidence-based recommendations and great graphics. It really brings many of the topics we have explored in our ETEC class together! 

First Peoples Principles of Learning Blog Site

This resource is a WordPress site created by BC educator Jo Chrona. For those of you who use Twitter, Jo (@luudisk) is definitely a must-follow as she posts a lot on the topic of Indigenous education and often shares her viewpoint on issues as well as some rich resources. Her blog site is equally full of tools for educators, and is a thoughtful compilation of research, resources, professional development activities and links to other initiatives in BC and Canada. A quick look at her reference page demonstrates many of the readings that we did in our ETEC class- there is no mention but I wondered if this was possibly an assignment related to this class as it was posted in 2014- worth looking at for any Canadian educator!

Elder in The Making (Film/Series)

Although this resource doesn’t really fit with the theme of the other items in my weblog, I could not resist the need to share it with my classmates as I enjoyed viewing it so much and would recommend it to anyone. Elder in the making is a film (broken into 6 episodes- and free to watch on YouTube) that showcases the journey of Chris Hsiung, a Chinese Canadian from Calgary and CowboyX, a young Blackfoot man from southern Alberta, and their quest to discover their own heritage and how someone comes to be an Elder. One thing I have learned in this class is that in order to understand other cultures, we must first do a self-examination of our own relationship to culture. This documentary is stunningly beautiful, honest, emotional, and educational. In the final episode, an unexpected event leaves Chris and Cowboy to mourn the loss of a friend, yet is inspirational and renews hope for the future. This film is created by local artists and really brings together what we’ve learned in our ETEC class and shares it through the use of technology and storytelling. I ended up watching all the episodes in one day- a must see!

5 links on integration of Indigenous learning in schools

Who’s to blame for lack of indigenous history lessons in Ontario’s schools? Published on June 14, 2016 by Brittany Spencer



This article talks about the fact that although there are expectations set in the Ontario curriculum to have indigenous perspectives and history integrated in the classroom, its application depends on the level of comfort of the teachers and their understanding. A problem is that teachers’ training is not deep enough and they don’t feel confident enough to do the job properly. That’s why in 2015, the Aboriginal Education centre launched the Knowledge Building Experience Program, which offers mandatory training to deepen the understanding of indigenous culture by teachers. Teachers go through simulation experiences by working with elders and simulation leaders. The program is fairly new but there is hope that it can entail successful achievements.


School Transition Webinar Series. Retrieved from https://youthrelationships.org/school-transition


These are a series of 4 webinars where students, school administrators and parents are interviewed on challenges of indigenous students while transitioning from elementary to secondary, from reserve-based to non-reserve school and from secondary to post-secondary schools. The interviewees discuss different challenges and emphasize on the importance to get help from indigenous support systems. The interviews also display that racism still exist and there is a talk on the significance of educating the non-indigenous people on indigenous traditions. An example is for teachers, bus drivers and others to know about morning smudging ceremonies and what is involved so they won’t make racist comments out of ignorance.


Byrnes, J. (1993). Aboriginal Learning Styles. Retrieved from: http://www.naclc.org.au/cb_pages/files/Jill%20Byrnes%20-%20Aboriginal%20learning%20Styles%20and%20adult%20education.pdf


The article talks about two-way learning where Non-aboriginal instructors get to know their aboriginal students and their history by listening to them. It states that courses should be research-based and experience-based; they should have spontaneous-approach as opposed to being structured. Learning by observation and imitation should be promoted. Planning and responding as the lesson develops will help with the outcome. We need to develop a curriculum that would benefit both cultures.


McLoughlin, C. & Oliver, R. Instructional Design for Cultural Difference. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=474609F53C7F641A64DFF32CD4E50D14?doi=


The paper stresses the importance of creating student-centered environments that are culturally inclusive. It refers to Henderson’s proposal of using a multiple cultural model which enables variability and flexibility while allowing interaction with material. It emphasizes the inclusion of multicultural realities of the learner groups and multiple cultural ways of learning.


A pedagogical model for engaging aboriginal children with Science learning. UBC Library. Retrieved from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.library.ubc.ca/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=0844903a-6149-4073-aae9-ea2aeb368be3%40sessionmgr120&vid=1&hid=102


Stresses the importance of relationship-building, integration of effective hands-on activities, participation and giving experiments a context by relating them to student’s experience.