Dear language learners,
Welcome to the Spanish Pronunciation Training Module. Here, you will be able to work on Spanish speakers’ contrast /r/ (trilled ‘r’) with /ɾ/ (flapped ‘r’).
Both /ɾ/ and /r/ are voiced alveolar sounds.
- /ɾ/: Is made by a very brief stop, having the tongue tip directly touching the alveolar ridge
- /r/: Is made by vibrations between the tip of the tongue and the alveolar ridge.
For a better understanding, open this IPA consonant chart in a separate browser to observe the correct height and backness: https://enunciate.arts.ubc.ca/linguistics/world-sounds/consonants-pulmonic/
Each module has the following for each word:
- Video of a native speaker pronouncing a word
- A freeze frame which allows you to observe and replicate the tongue position
- The word written Spanish
- The word written in IPA
- The word written in English
- An image for visual cues
Here are two videos that present the contrast between /r/ (trilled ‘r’) and /ɾ/ (flapped ‘r’).
Please begin by watching the video at the bottom of this page for some information on basics of pronunciation.