Gregersen, H. M. (1988). People, trees and rural development: The role of social forestry. Journal of Forestry, (10)1, 22-30.
Kirchhofer J., & Mercer, E. (1986). Putting social and community forestry in perspective in the Asia Pacific. In S. Fujisaka, P. Sajise, & R. del Castillo (Eds.) Man, agriculture and the tropical forest. Change and development in the Philippine uplands. Bangkok: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development.
Pulhin, J. M. (1996). Evolution of Community Forestry. In Community Forestry: Paradoxes and Perspectives in Development Practice (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Please view the follow video lecture for Module III Topic 1.
3.1 Evolution of Development Thinking in Forestry
Self-directed Test Questions
Describe how the major trends in “development thinking” (i.e. industrialization, basic needs approach, and sustainable development) influenced the direction of forestry development in general, and the evolution of social forestry in particular.
View an exemplary video below and prepare your own answer to the questions.