University of British Columbia – Community Collaboration

Overview of Powerpoint #3

  • Restitution-based communication

Approximate time to view PowerPoint is 20 minutes

Main Ideas

  • Restitution as a model of self-discipline rooted in Aboriginal practices.
  • Used as a tool to fix mistakes, gain control, and become stronger in the group without sacrificing the self-esteem of the individual.
  • Practices focused on gaining self-balance, self-discipline, and intrinsic motivation.
  • Based on Control Theory principles (now called Choice Theory) and five positions, or needs.
  • Five needs: Survival, Fun, Power, Love, and Freedom.
  • Understanding that our driving force to behave comes from genetically pre-programmed needs, we help others understand their behaviors.
  • Choosing better ways to fulfill needs is where restitution self-discipline is focused.
  • Aboriginal traditions and values within this program include the principle of non-interference, acceptance of human frailty, and self-discipline.

When you have finished viewing the PowerPoint presentations, spend some time reflecting on the following questions:

  • Each of the models presented in the PowerPoints approach effective communication from different perspectives—creating positive community, compassion/empathic communication, and responsible self-discipline. Which model has the potential to be helpful in your Head Start site? And why?
  • How could you proceed to plan and organize an effective communication initiative using the resources and information available in previous learning units?


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