Education For Sustainability

Better Practices


Secondary School Teachers


All those sharing a watershed with one!

We acknowledge and thank the First Peoples of the territory of the __ language group on whose traditional and unceded territories we teach, learn, and live upon where the __ people continue their traditions and cultural education.

Download the 3.8MB PDF version – Better Practices Guide

Your EfS Activity Guide

Full-length Videos

Short Videos


EfS Project Funding Sources (check your local sources)

  • Chamber of Commerce, community foundations, energy companies, grocers, home hardware stores, outdoor gear stores, school district budgets, school parent advisory committees, seed companies, WWF

EfS Daily Hooks

Daily Exposures to Nature

  • 30 minutes of nature journaling (bullet-style)
  • Focused observation walks (i.e. perspective, human impact, sensory, systems, wildlife, mapping
  • Hand watering of schoolyard plants
  • Imagination in ecological education (i.e. mythical explanations, casting a spell, tracking skills, etc.
  • Permaculture design for future use of the school grounds
  • Sensory solitude spots in nature

Teacher Guides with EfS Lesson Plans

Things to do with about 30 students

  • BioBlitz – citizen science data collection of biodiversity
  • Everyone contributes highlights to a neighbourhood map
  • Grow garlic! Everyone plants one clove in September, learns to care for it, and harvest in June
  • Inquiry Project – where students choose to research a most sustainable model of…(i.e. building, school, person,  hospital, career, company, meal, etc.)

EfS Alphabet:

  • A is for Action
  • B is for Biodiversity
  • C is for Communities
  • D is for Decision-making
  • E is for Education
  • F is for Food
  • G is for Garden
  • H is for Habitat
  • I is for Inquiry
  • J is for Journaling
  • K is for Knowledge
  • L is for Learning
  • M is for Mobilizing
  • N is for Neighbourhood
  • O is for Ocean
  • P is for Place-based
  • Q is for Questioning
  • R is for Rewilding
  • S is for Sustainability
  • T is for Time
  • U is for Understanding
  • V is for Vision
  • W is for Wilderness
  • X is for Xeric
  • Y is for Youth
  • Z is for Zones

Classroom Modifications

  • Be able to see nature through the window or care for indoor plants
  • Free stuff box of items to be repurposed
  • Goose Bin = good on one side paper
  • Have access to a nearby garden area
  • Multi-bin diversion to zero-waste, including: paper, plastic, metal, glass, refundables, light bulb, batteries, soft plastic, small electronics, dried-out markers, and compost

Go-to EfS Equipment

  • Egg incubator for annual hatching on Earth Day
  • Hand lenses 10x to magnify the beauty in micro-life
  • Hand trowels for whole class digging activities
  • Permaculture base-maps & element cards
  • Stapleless stapler and refillable whiteboard markers
  • Talking stick for student check-ins

About the Author

  • Michael Wolfe teaches science and outdoor education at McNair Secondary School in Richmond, BC. He hatches chicken, duck, and quail, and then raises them in the school’s habitat courtyard – one with the goal of becoming the most biologically diverse space in the school district. Recently he added an indoor aquaponic system to explore with his EcoClub. Michael Wolfe is a 2018 graduate from the inaugural Education for Sustainability M.Ed. program at UBC and CityStudio Vancouver. He lives in Vancouver with his wife, Tiffany.
  • Twitter @bogberry or email

We acknowledge children everywhere. We are inspired by the vibrancy of your youth and we commit to continually striving to make the world, we borrow from you, a more peaceful, loving, and safe place in which to learn, live, and love.

Education for Sustainability Selected Resources

Global / International:

Federal / National:

Regional (State, Provincial, Watershed, etc.):

EfS Blogs, Magazines, Newsletters & Journals:

Local Non-governmental Foundations, Organizations & Societies:

EfS Fieldtrip Ideas: (check your local sources)

  • Aquariums, botanical gardens, energy generation stations, farms, landfills, manufacturing/processing facilities, nature parks, science centres, water/waste treatment facilities

If you would like to report a faulty link or have anything new to add, please email Michael Wolfe at: