Author Archives: Trevor Price

The Eyes of Children

Saturday, June 20, 2015

The Eyes of Children — life at a residential school                                                           Christmastime at a residential school in British Columbia in 1962.

The search parameters that lead me to this film were “Marshall McLuhan First Nations,” and McLuhan just happened to be on the same page as this unrelated video. I was looking for some ideas about the interaction between wellness at school, technology and First Nations. Instead I found a half hour documentary in the CBC archives that sent shivers up my spine. I have started thinking about how so much mainstream media on FN people exists and what a project it would be to “answer” it all, to shine a new (old?) light on it. Here is a media project that could go on for a long time – confronting media images like Nanook or this film with new FN-generated media. Not directly related to my topic of wellness, but perhaps this an indirect way of healing?

Try watching the opening shots of the documentary which depict the priest greeting the students, then follow it up immediately with this fact sheet on the Kamloops Indian Residential School where the film was shot . . .


FNESC: B.C. First Nations technology team wins international award

Thursday, June 18, 2015

FNESC: B.C. First Nations technology team wins international award

This is an example of First Nations people creating educational technology in order to affect the quality of community living. A B.C. FN multimedia team has created a 3D training tool for operators of small drinking water systems. They have won international recognition for their success and the software is widely used. One component of the software has also been adapted for use in grade 8/9 mathematics curriculum.

Fort Severn First Nations

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Fort Severn First Nations

There are several themes running through concerns about First Nations and technology. One very common theme is the lack of access due to infrastructure and funding. These discussions often seem to stand apart from concerns about best practices for First Nations use of technology and instead concentrate on struggles such as those experienced by Washaho School in Fort Severn – a computer lab of twelve computers, only six of which are functioning, no smart boards or even projectors.

Assembly of First Nations

Thursday June 18, 2015

Assembly of First Nations:

From this site, I am able to gather intended goals for First Nations Education. Concerns around values, jurisdiction, funding, language and culture, accountability and transparency are outlined. As well, a brief outline of the situation for education in Canada is very helpful for guiding an inquiry into the issues affecting FN education. Particularly of interest to me are the following reports:

First Nations Control of First Nations Education

A Portrait of First Nations and Education  

Emotional Health, Self-Regulation and Technology

I was quite interested in Lee Brown’s discussion of the emotional health and well being of aboriginal students. In my school, we build relationships with students and families, provide a safe environment and look for ways to help students learn to self-regulate, all before we expect any academic learning to proceed. (Students also have many opportunities to learn language, traditional skills from community members). What is happening in my school is, I think, very similar to Lee Brown’s thinking around how to produce healthy results for indigenous students in classrooms. Although they spring from different origins, Stuart Shanker’s work on self-regulation (2013) is very similar to Lee Brown’s, both aiming to create emotional health in the classroom. As Brown points out, the need for training in emotional competency, for aboriginals, is the result of the disconnect between first peoples and their cultural history. Previously, I have explored the cultural load of iPads and some applications, in the context of self and cultural expression. All of this was discussed with a concern for what conditions support success for aboriginal students.

 At this point, I am very interested in further exploring Lee Brown’s approach to student well-being (and comparing his ideas with Stuart Shanker’s). Since technology is relevant to so many aspects of life, it may be worth considering its (dis)utility in the pursuit of student success as defined by people like Brown, Battiste, Whitley or McIver.  In fact, the idea of “new media”or the flipped power structure that is available in new media may be a very effective way of giving aboriginal students their own unique cultural voices.


Battiste, M. (2005). Indigenous knowledge: foundations for First Nations. World Indigenous Nations Higher Education Consortium-WINHEC Journal.

Brown, Lee. n.d. Lee Brown – video. Retrieved from on 22/05/2015.

MacIver, Marion. “Aboriginal students’ perspectives on the factors influencing high school completion.” Multicultural Perspectives 14.3 (2012): 156-162. Retrieved from 15210960.2012.697008.

Shanker, S. (2013). Calm, alert and learning: Classroom strategies for self-regulation. Pearson.

Whitley, J. (2014). Supporting Educational Success for Aboriginal Students: Identifying key influences. McGill Journal of Education/Revue des sciences de l’éducation de McGill, 49(1), 155-181. Retrieved from /article/view/8949/6917.

Trevor Price

Aboriginal Inquiry: Lifting All Learners

Aboriginal Inquiry: Lifting All Learners – An Impact Assessment of the Aboriginal Enhancement Schools Network (AESN)

This website – really, just the inquiry document on line – details the results and effectiveness of a province wide (BC) inquiry into improving results for aboriginal learners and improving the quality of aboriginal culture and history education. It’s a very large document with an excellent literature review, several case studies and recommendations to policymakers. I haven’t had time to view the entire site, but I intend to make use of their results in this class.

Trevor Price

Four Worlds Centre for Developing Learning

This is a site ( I found while looking for more information on Lee Brown. Brown belongs to the organization, Four Worlds Centre for Developing Learning. Four Worlds promotes “learning and action for sustainable development.” One interesting thing for me was the international focus of the organization, reminding me (as a Canadian in BC) that challenges to indigenous people are a world wide problem.

Trevor Price

Hulquminum Language Sites

This is a collection of websites devoted to preserving Hulquminum. Some are easier to use than others but I think they all serve a useful function – recording and preserving knowledge of the language. Although they are attached to school boards and a university, the material is produced by FN people and the sites seem like great reference tools. I know some of these voices.  This is sort of my answer to Craig Howe, “Cyberspace is No Place for Tribalism.”  It’s not a perfect way of doing things, but it’s effective to a point.

Trevor Price

ref: Howe, C. (1998). Cyberspace is no place for tribalism. Wicazo Sa Review, 19-28.

Inuit Broadcasting Corporation

This site ( was very interesting as a demonstration of how media and technology can be used to further the cultural interests of First Nations people. Instead of being buried by the technology, the Inuit have used it to represent and spread their culture. What a great opportunity to learn and help for everyone involved in the project. What a great resource for those receiving the IBC broadcasts. This is a “new media” model that makes the users the media providers.

Trevor Price.