Interpreting Results

Your student took the Comprehension of Written Grammar (CWG) test and now you’ve received the test results by email. We will walk you through interpreting those results and writing learning objectives for the individual student or your whole class.

Here is an example of a student report as it looks when received by email. This sample student report will be used throughout the step-by-step instructions: CWG Sample Report

Grammatical Structures in the Test

Each report is organized in three main sections:

Vocabulary Check (14 items)

Inflection/Semantics (28 items)

Syntax (24 items)

Interpreting the Report: Steps to Follow

Step 1. Receive CWG Test report by email

Step 2. Review errors and look for patterns

Step 3. Check if vocabulary errors could be cause of item errors

Step 4. Identify structures to target

Step 5. Write learning objectives

Step 6. Teach to learning objectives


Step 1. Receive CWG Test Report by Email

Your student’s Comprehension of Written Grammar Test report might look like this: CWG Sample Report.

The questions they answered incorrectly will show Incorrect. The information displayed in the righthand column contains feedback on how to teach the grammatical structure and what Vocabulary Check Words were used in that test question.

Step 2. Review errors, look for patterns

If test takers have difficulty with specific grammatical structures, this should show up as a pattern in the test report. Each structure has 2 related test items (list of grammatical structures). If you see both test items in error, this flags the structure as a possible learning target. 

In the following examples, we explore some patterns you can look for in your student’s results.

Step 3. Check if unfamiliar vocabulary could be cause of item errors

An incorrect response on the test may not mean that the student does not understand the grammatical structure in the test question. There are several reasons why they might answer a question incorrectly: 

  1. They have difficulty with the grammatical structure
  2. They have difficulty with the vocabulary in the sentence
  3. They are distracted and are not focused on the test
  4. They have difficulty understanding the picture
  5. They chose the wrong picture by mistake


If you see incorrect responses, first you should check if the student is familiar with the vocabulary word.

Step 4. Identify structures to target

Look at the Vocabulary Check words and the 2 main components of the test: Inflection/Semantics and Syntax.

Step 5. Write learning objectives

Follow the SMART Goals format:  Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound. See this link for more information: [link coming soon]

[sample learning objectives coming soon]

Step 6. Teach to learning objectives 

See the Teaching Strategies tab.