Category Archives: Uncategorized

Hong Kong at the edge

To be launched in late 2018, this project will be conducted in collaboration with Jun Zhang of the University of Toronto.

Hong Kong’s Basic Law states that “The socialist system and policies shall not be practised in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR), and the previous capitalist system and way of life shall remain unchanged for 50 years.” This “one country, two systems” principle has since governed Hong Kong’s complex and shifting relationship with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). But what was it that defined Hong Kong’s “previous capitalist system,” and how has that since evolved in conjunction with China’s ongoing economic transformation? Furthermore, in the wake of the PRC’s progressive “opening up” to the global market economy since 1978, are there not now “capitalist ways of life” on the other side of the border too? And if clear-cut distinctions cannot be drawn between the “socialist” PRC and free-market Hong Kong, how are we to understand these economies, their co- evolution, and their deep interconnections?

Celebrated as the “freest economy in the world,” Hong Kong once cast a long shadow, as an inspiration for pro-market reformers in the PRC and elsewhere. But as its economic growth rate has faltered, and as political tensions have deepened, what does Hong Kong signify today? This much vaunted city-state economy now finds itself increasingly overshadowed by an economically and geopolitically resurgent China. The project seeks to make a virtue of Hong Kong’s category-challenging transformation, using this as a provocation to rethink some of the basic categories in the comparative analysis of capitalism. It is grounded in a variegated capitalism approach, an emergent framework in economic geography developed as a constructive counterpart to the mainstream “varieties of capitalism” paradigm, with its sharp distinction between a (US-style) free-market and a (German-style) socially coordinated model. The VoC rubric essentially has it that there is one system per country, in a world dominated by two generic systems. Instead, the variegated capitalism approach focuses on the complex interdependence of economic systems and regimes across scales and locations, seeking to understand hybrid or mixed models, and positioning these in relation to their near and far “neighbours.”

Accordingly, rather than approach Hong Kong as an (almost) ideal type of free-market capitalism, it is visualized in this project as a “boundary object,” and a difficult-to-pigeonhole-case that can serve as a prompt to creatively re-evaluate and stress-test alternative explanations.

Visualizing Hong Kong “at the edge,” of free-market capitalism and Chinese socialism, and of received conceptual categories as well, the project seeks to engage this challenging but critical case in order to advance the variegated capitalism approach and to refine its nascent methodology. “One country, two systems” may perplex the conventional VoC paradigm, where national boundaries and capitalist systems are coterminous, but it presents a creative opportunity to rethink the principles and categories of comparative economic analysis and geographical political economy.

Political geographies of contingent labor

workers buttonPolitical geographies of
contingent labor

Peck J (2016) The right to work, and the right at work. Economic Geography 92(1): 4-30

Theodore N and Peck J (2013) Selling flexibility: temporary staffing in a volatile economy. In J Fudge & K Strauss (eds) Temporary work, agencies, and unfree labour: insecurity in the new world of work. London: Routledge, 26-47

Peck J and Theodore N (2012) Politicizing contingent labor: countering neoliberal labor-market regulation … from the bottom up? South Atlantic Quarterly 111(4): 741-761

Peck J and Theodore N (2010) Labor markets from the bottom up. In S McGrath-Champ, A Herod & A Rainnie (eds) Handbook of employment and society: working space. Cheltenham: Edward
Elgar, 87-105





Screen Shot 2015-11-29 at 6.58.22 PMEbner N and Peck J (2021) Fantasy island: Paul Romer and the multiplication of Hong Kong. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research forthcoming

Peck J (2021) Milton’s paradise: situating Hong Kong in neoliberal lore. Journal of Law and Political Economy 2(1): 189-211

Dawes S and Peck J (2020) Contextualizing neoliberalism: an interview with Jamie Peck. In S Dawes & M Lenormand (eds) Neoliberalism in context: governance, subjectivity and knowledge. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 289-309

Peck J and Theodore N (2019) Still neoliberalism? South Atlantic Quarterly 118(2): 245-265

Peck J (2018) Naming neoliberalism. In D Cahill, M Cooper, M Konings & D Primrose (eds) The Sage handbook of neoliberalism. London: Sage, xxii-xxiv

Peck J, Theodore N and Brenner N (2018) Actually existing neoliberalism. In D Cahill, M Cooper, M Konings & D Primrose (eds) The Sage handbook of neoliberalism. London: Sage, 3-15

Peck J (2017) Neoliberalism. In D Richardson, N Castree, M Goodchild, W Liu, A Kobayashi & R Marston (eds) The Wiley-AAG international encyclopedia of geography. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 4729-4741

Brenner N, Peck J and Theodore N (2014) New constitutionalism and variegated neo-
liberalization. In S Gill & AC Cutler (eds) New constitutionalism and world order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 126-142

Peck J (2013) Explaining (with) neoliberalism. Territory, Politics, Governance 1(2): 132-157

Peck J (2013) Social innovation … at the limits of neoliberalism. In J-L Klein & M Roy (ed) Pour une nouvelle mondialisation: le défi d’innover. Montréal: Presses de l’Université du Québec, 11-30

Brenner N, Peck J and Theodore N (2012) Towards deep neoliberalization? In J Künkel & M Mayer (eds) Neoliberal urbanism and its contestations: crossing theoretical boundaries. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 27-45

Peck J, Theodore N and Brenner N (2012) Neoliberalism resurgent? Market rule after the Great
Recession. South Atlantic Quarterly 111(2): 265-288

Theodore N and Peck J (2012) Framing neoliberal urbanism: translating “common sense” urban policy across the OECD zone. European Urban and Regional Studies 19(1): 20-41

Peck J (2012) Neoliberalismo y crisis actual. Documentos y Aportes en Administración Pública y Gestión Estatal 12(19): 7-27

Peck J and Theodore N (2012) Reanimating neoliberalism: process-geographies of
neoliberalization. Social Anthropology 20(2): 177-185

Peck J, Theodore N and Brenner N (2012) Neoliberalism, interrupted. In D Cahill, F Stilwell & L
Edwards (eds) Neoliberalism: beyond the free market. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 15-30

Peck J (2011) Orientation: in search of the Chicago School. In R Van Horn, P Mirowski & TA Stapleford (eds) Building Chicago economics: new perspectives on the history of America’s most powerful economics program. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, xxv-lii

Theodore N, Peck J and Brenner N (2011) Neoliberal urbanism: cities and the rule of markets. In G Bridge & S Watson (eds) The new Blackwell companion to the city. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 15-25

Peck J, Theodore N and Brenner N (2010) Postneoliberalism and its malcontents. Antipode 41(S1): 94-116

Peck J (2010) Zombie neoliberalism and the ambidextrous state. Theoretical Criminology 14(1): 104-110

Brenner N, Peck J and Theodore N (2010) Variegated neoliberalization: geographies, modalities, pathways. Global Networks 10(2): 182-222

Brenner N, Peck J and Theodore N (2010) After neoliberalization? Globalizations 7(3): 327-345

Peck J (2008) Remaking laissez-faire. Progress in Human Geography 32(1): 3-43

Peck J and Tickell A (2007) Conceptualizing neoliberalism, thinking Thatcherism. In H Leitner, J Peck & E Sheppard (eds) Contesting neoliberalism: urban frontiers. New York: Guilford, 26-50

Leitner H, Peck J and Sheppard E (2007) Squaring up to neoliberalism. In H Leitner, J Peck & E Sheppard (eds) Contesting neoliberalism: urban frontiers. New York: Guilford, 311-327

Peck J (2007) Neoliberalization at work: the long transition from welfare to workfare.  In G Wood & P James (eds) Institutions, production, and working life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 315-331