Early Childhood Intervention: Module Three – The Professionals

Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Specialist

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck (Fig. 1).

Figure 1. Ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT)


ENTs have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face (Fig. 2). The well trained ENT specialist has a thorough knowledge of all of the organs and physical structures in the head and neck region. Ear nose and throat specialists are trained to handle surgeries where organs need to be removed; these may include the adenoids (Fig. 3) (known as  adenoidectomies), the tonsils (Fig. 4) (known as  tonsillectomies) as well as treatments for  nosebleeds, ear-aches, hearing loss, dizziness, hoarseness, and sinus disease.


Figure 2. structure of the neck and face
Figure 3. Adenoids



Figure 4. Tonsils


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