Early Childhood Intervention: Module Three – The Professionals

Ophthalmologist or Eye Doctor

An ophthalmologist is an MD that has specialized in the examination, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions of the eye (Fig. 1). This includes problems affecting the eye itself and its related structures, the eyelids, the orbit, and the visual pathways. An ophthalmologist prescribes vision services (Fig. 2), including glasses and contact lenses.

Figure 1. Eye
Figure 2. Prescription


Ophthalmologists (Fig. 3). are medically trained to diagnose, monitor, and medically or surgically treat all ocular and visual disorders, including vision loss.

Figure 3. Ophthalmologist examining a child

This specialist has the knowledge and professional skills needed to provide comprehensive eye and vision care for patients of all ages. They also provide consultation services for the diagnosis and management of eye and vision related manifestation of systemic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and infectious and noninfectious inflammation.


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