What We’ve Learned

This page shares findings from different phases of our mixed-methods study.


This report presents findings from two online surveys of undergraduate students at UBC about their term-time work in 2018 and 2019. This was the first phase of the Hard Working Student study. We found that more than half (55%) of the respondents worked during the first semester of 2018, and a slightly greater proportion (57%) worked during the first semester of 2019. Students worked an average of 14.3 hours per week in 2018 and 16 hours in 2019.
For more details about students and their work, check out the report.

Taylor, A., Raykov, M. & Sweet, R. (2020, January). Hard Working Students: Report of 2018 and 2019 Survey Findings. Access on cIRcle:  http://hdl.handle.net/2429/73374

Conference Papers and Presentations

Researching Work and Learning Conference, Giessen, Germany, July 24, 2019

Download the Conference Presentation

American Educational Research Association Conference, Toronto, April 2019

Taylor, A. & Raykov, M. (2019, April 7). Hard working students: Results from a survey of undergraduates. Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Toronto, Ontario.

Book Chapters

Taylor, A. & Raykov, M. (2020). Towards critical and dialogical mixed methods research: Reflections on our journey. In F. Finnegan & B. Grummell (Eds.), Doing critical and creative research in adult education. Rotterdam: Sense Publishing. Open access: https://brill.com/view/book/edcoll/9789004420755/BP000015.xml


Taylor, A. (2020, May 6).  Part 4: Working students. Blog post

“In this post, I turn to our current research on working undergraduate students at UBC and U of T.”

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