James Brander – Publication Record


  1. (2014) James A. Brander. Government Policy Toward Business, 5th. ed. Wiley: Toronto, Ontario.
  2. (2020) Jeffrey Perloff and James Brander. Managerial Economics and Strategy, 3rd ed.

Articles in Refereed Journals

  1. (1981) James A. Brander, “Intra-industry Trade in Identical Commodities”, Journal of International Economics 11(February), 1-14. Reprinted in M.L. Greenhut, and G. Norman The Economics of Location. Edward Alger Publishing, London. Reprinted in Peter J. Lloyd and Herbert G. Grubel (eds) Intra-Industry Trade Edward Elgar Publishing, Camberley, UK (2002).
  2. (1981) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Tariffs and the Extraction of Foreign Monopoly Rent Under Potential Entry”, Canadian Journal of Economics 14 (August) 371-384 (won Harry Johnson Prize). Reprinted in Jagdish Bhagwati, ed. International Trade: Selected Readings, 2nd ed. (1987) MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.
  3. (1983) Barbara J. Spencer and James A. Brander, “Second Best Pricing of Publicly Produced Inputs: The Case of Downstream Imperfect Competition”, Journal of Public Economics, 20, (February), 113-119.
  4. (1983) James A. Brander and Slobodan Djajic, “Rent-Extracting Tariffs and the Management of Exhaustible Resources”, Canadian Journal of Economics, 16 (April) 289-299.
  5. (1983) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Strategic Commitment with R & D: The Symmetric Case”, Bell Journal of Economics, 14 (Spring), 225-235.
  6. (1983) Barbara J. Spencer and James A. Brander, “International R & D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy”, Review of Economic Studies, 50 (October) 707-722. Reprinted in David B. Audretsch ed. Industrial Policy and Competitive Advantage (1996, forthcoming) Eward Alger Press: Cheltenham, UK.
  7. (1983) James A. Brander and Paul Krugman, “A ‘Reciprocal Dumping’ Model of International Trade”, Journal of International Economics, 15 (November) 313-321. Reprinted in J.M.Alec Gee and G. Norman, ed. Market Strategy and Structure (1993) Harvester Wheatsheaf: New York. Reprinted in Gene Grossman ed. Imperfect Competition and International Trade (1992) MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.
  8. (1984) James A. Brander and Jonathan Eaton, “Product Line Rivalry”, American Economic Review, 74 (June) 323-334.
  9. (1984) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Trade Warfare: Tariffs and Cartels” Journal of International Economics 16 (May), 227-242.
  10. (1985) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Export Subsidies and International Market Share Rivalry” , Journal of International Economics 17 (February), 83-100.
  11. (1985) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Tacit Collusion, Free Entry and Welfare”, Journal of Industrial Economics 33 (March), 277-294.
  12. (1985) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Ramsey-Optimal Two Part Tariffs: the Case of Many Heterogeneous groups”, PublicFinance, (No. 3), 335-346.
  13. (1986) James A. Brander and Tracy R. Lewis “Oligopoly and Financial Structure the effects of limited liability”, American Economic Review 76 (December) 956-970. Reprinted in Andrew Daughety, ed.,Cournot Oligopoly (1988), Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, England.
  14. (1987) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Foreign Direct Investment, Unemployment, and Endogenous Taxes and Tariffs”, Journal of International Economics, 22 (May) 257-280.
  15. (1988) James A. Brander and Tracy R. Lewis, “Bankruptcy Costs and the Theory of Oligopoly”, Canadian Journal of Economics, vol.21, (May) pp.221-243.
  16. (1988) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Unionized Oligopoly and International Trade Policy”, Journal of International Economics, vol.24 (May), pp.217-234.
  17. (1989) James A. Brander, “Economics: Disagreements, Critiques and Progress” Journal of Business Administration, vol. 18, pp. 111-132.
  18. (1989) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Moral Hazard and Limited Liability: Implications for the theory of the firm”, International Economic Review, vol.30 (Nov), pp. 833-849.
  19. (1990) James A. Brander and Anming Zhang, “Market Conduct in the Airline Industry: An Empirical Investigation”, Rand Journal of Economics, vol. 21 (Winter), pp. 567-583.
  20. (1991)James A. Brander, “Election Polls, Free Trade, and the Stock Market: Evidence from the 1988 Canadian General Election”, Canadian Journal of Economics, vol. 24 (Nov), pp. 827-843.
  21. (1992) James A. Brander and Michel Poitevin, “Managerial Compensation and the Agency Costs of Debt Finance” Managerial and Decision Economics vol. 13, pp. 55-64.
  22. (1992) James A. Brander, “Comparative Economic Growth: Evidence and Interpretation”, Canadian Journal of Economics vol. 25 (Nov), pp. 792-818 (This paper was the 1992 Innis Lecture at the Canadian Economics Association Meetings, Charlottetown, PEI, June 1992.
  23. (1992) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Pre-commitment and Flexibility: Applications to Oligopoly Theory”, European Economic Review vol. 36:8, pp. 1601-1626, December.
  24. (1993) James A. Brander and Anming Zhang, “Dynamic Oligopoly Behaviour in the Airline Industry”, International Journal of Industrial Organization 11, pp. 407-435.
  25. (1994) James A. Brander and Steve Dowrick, “The Role of Population and Fertility in Economic Growth”, Journal of Population Economics 7, pp. 1-25.
  26. (1994) James A. Brander and Barbara J. Spencer, “Trade Adjustment Assistance: Welfare and Incentive Effects of Payments to Displaced Workers”, Journal of International Economics 36, 239-262.
  27. (1997) James A. Brander, “The Economics of Economic Intelligence” in Commentary, Canadian Secret Intelligence Service. Reprinted in Evan Potter, ed. Economic Intelligence and National Security, Carelton University Press: Ottawa, 1998.
  28. (1997) James A. Brander and M. Scott Taylor, “International Trade and Open Access Renewable Resources: the small open economy case” , Canadian Journal of Economics 30, 526-552.
  29. (1997) James A. Brander and M. Scott Taylor, “International Trade between Consumer and Conservationist Countries”, Resource and Energy Economics 19, 267-298.
  30. (1998) James A. Brander and M. Scott Taylor, “The Simple Economics of Easter Island: A Ricardo-Malthus Model of Renewable Resource Use”, American Economic Review 88 (March) 119-138.
  31. (1998) Raphael Amit, James A. Brander and Christoff Zott, “Venture-Capital Finance in Canada” Canadian Investment Review.
  32. (1998) James A. Brander and M. Scott Taylor, “Open-Access Renewable Resources: Trade and Trade Policy in a Two-Country Model”, Journal of International Economics 19, 267-298 (lead article).
  33. (1998) Raphael Amit, James A. Brander and Christoff Zott, “Why do Venture Capital Firms Exist? Theory and Canadian Evidence” Journal of Business Venturing 13 (November) pp. 441-548 (lead article). Reprinted in Lowell W. Busenitz, Harry J. Spinieza, and Mike Wright (eds.) Venture Capital (2003) Edward Elgar Publishing: Camberley, UK
  34. (2002) James A. Brander, Raphael Amit and Werner Antweiler, “Venture Capital Syndication: Improved Venture Selection versus the Value-Added Hypotheses”, Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 11 (Fall) pp. 423-451.
  35. (2006) James A. Brander and Thomas W. Ross “Estimating Damages From Price Fixing”, Canadian Class Action Review, 3(1) January pp. 335-369 (with Tom Ross).
  36. (2006) Jen Baggs and James A. Brander “Trade Liberalization, Profitability, and Financial Leverage”, Journal of International Business Studies, 37(2) (March) pp. 196-211.
  37. (2006) James A. Brander “The Effect of Ethical Fund Portfolio Inclusion on Executive Compensation”, Journal of Business Ethics, 69 (December) pp. 317-329.
  38. (2007) Jean de Bettignies and James A. Brander “Financing Entrepreneurship:Bank Finance versus Venture Capital”, Journal of Business Venturing, 22 (November) pp. 808-832.
  39. (2007)James A. Brander “Sustainability: Malthus Revisited“, Canadian Journal of Economics, 40 (February) pp. 1-38.
  40. (2007)James A. Brander “Intellectual Property Protection as Strategic Trade Policy”,, Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting and Economics, 14 (December) pp. 195-218.
  41. (2009) James A. Brander and Jean de Bettignies “Venture Capital Investment: the Role of Predator-Prey Dynamics with Learning by Doing”, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 18 pp. 1-19.
  42. (2010) James A. Brander “Innovation in Retrospect and Prospect” ,Canadian Journal of Economics, 43 (November), pp. 1087-1121.
  43. (2012) James Brander, Thomas Hellmann, and Tyler Meredith, “What Ottawa Can Do – Venture Capital”, Policy Options, 33 (10)  November, pp. 42-44.
  44. (2014) James Brander, Edward Egan and Louisa Yeung, “Estimating the Effects of Age on NHL Player Performance”, Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 10(2) June, pp. 241-259.
  45. (2015) James Brander, Qianqian Du, and Thomas Hellmann, “The Effects of Government-Sponsored Venture Capital: International Evidence”. Review of Finance 19(2), pp. 571-618.
  46. (2015) James Brander and Barbara Spencer, “Intra-Industry trade with Bertrand and Cournot Oligopoly: The Role of Endogenous Horizontal Product Differentiation”. Research in Economics, 69(2), pp. 157-165.
  47. (2017) James Brander and Wei Zhang, “Employee Relations and Innocation: An Empirical Analysis Using Panel Data”, Economics of Innovation and New Technology,  27(4) pp. 368-384. DOI: 10.1080/10438599.2016.1202523.
  48. (2017) James Brander and Thomas Ross, “Estimating Damages to Direct and Indirect Purchasers in Price-Fixing Actions”, Canadian Competition Law Review, 30(1), pp. 1-39.
  49. (2017) James Brander and Edward Egan, “Seniority Wages in the National Hockey League”. Eastern Economic Review, forthcoming, 2017. published online doi:10.1057/s41302-016-0070-1
  50. (2017) James Brander and Edward Egan, “The Winner’s Curse in Acquisitions of Privately-held Firms”, Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, forthcoming 2017. published online doi:10.1057/s41302-016-0070-1
  51. (2017) James Brander and Gregor Smith, “Economic Research in Canada: Evolution and Convergence”, Canadian Journal of Economics, forthcoming 2017.
  52. (2017) James Brander, Victor Cui, and Ilan Vertinsky,  “China and Intellectual Property Rights: A Challenge to the Rule of Law”, Journal of International Business Studies.
  53. James Brander and Edward Egan (2018). “Seniority Wages in the National Hockey League”. Eastern Economic Journal 44(1), 84-96
  54. James Brander and Barbara Spencer (2021). Patent assertion entities and the courts: Injunctive or fee-based relief? International Review of Law and Economics, 65(1), March, article 105974 (9 pp. + appendix)
  55. James Brander, Edward Egan and Sophie Endl (2021) “Comparing CEO Compensation Effects of Public and Private Acquisitions.” Journal of Risk and Financial Management 14, 149. (19 pp.)
  56. James Brander and Barbara Spencer (2021). “Differentiated Entry or “Me-Too” Entry in Bertrand and Cournot Oligopoly.” Review of Industrial Organization. DOI:

Chapters in Books

  1. (1992) “Recent Developments in Industrial Organization”, in 1992 Conference of Industry Economics: Papers and Proceedings Bureau of Industry Economics, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra) (ISBN No. 064425387 1).
  2. (1983) “Local Telephone Pricing: Two-Part Tariffs and Price Discrimination”, in Economic Analysis of Telecommunications: Theory and Applications, ed. L. Courville, A. de Fontenay and R. Dobell (North Holland: Amsterdam), 305-316 (with Barbara J. Spencer).
  3. (1984) “Tariff Protection and Imperfect Competition”, in Monopolistic Competition and International Trade, ed. Henryk Kierzkowski (Oxford University Press) (with Barbara J. Spencer). pp. 194-206. Reprinted in in Gene Grossman ed. Imperfect Competition and International Trade (1992) MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.Reprinted in in Gene Grossman ed. Imperfect Competition and International Trade (1992) MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.
  4. (1985) “Economic Policy Formation in a Federal State: A Game Theoretic Approach”, Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada., Vol. 63 R. Simeon ed. Intergovernmental Relations Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, pp.33-66.
  5. (1986) “Rationales for Strategic Trade and Industrial Policy” in Strategic Trade Policy and the New International Economics ed. by P. Krugman pp. 23-46 (MIT Press: Cambridge, Massachsetts).Reprinted in Bernard Yeung and Joanne Oxley ed. Structural Change, Industrial Location and Competitiveness, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK, 1997.
  6. (1987) “Shaping Comparative Advantage: Trade Policy, Industrial Policy and Economic Performance” featured paper in Shaping Comparative Advantage ed. by Richard Lipsey and Wendy Dobson (C.D. Howe Institute: Toronto) pp. 1-55.
  7. (1988) “Mergers, Competition Policy and the International Environment” in Stanbury ed. Mergers, Corporate Concentration, and Corporate Power in Canada, (IRPP: Ottawa) 109-132.
  8. (1992) “Economic Foundations of International Business”, in Global Perspective: Internationalizing Management Education, ed. A. Rugman and W.T. Stanbury (UBC Centre for International Business Studies: Vancouver).
  9. (1992) “Canadian Foreign Investment Policy: Issues and Prospects”, in Canadian Foreign Policy and the International Economic Order, ed. A. Claire Cutler and Mark W. Zacher (University of British Columbia Press: Vancouver).
  10. (1995)“Strategic Trade Policy”, in Handbook of International Economics, Vol. 3 in ed. G. Grossman and K. Rogoff (Elsevier BV: Amsterdam), Ch. 27. pp: 1395-1455.
  11. (2000) “Venture Capital Financing of Entrepreneurship: Theory, Empirical Evidence and a Research Agenda” in Donald L. Sexton and Hans Landstrom, The Blackwell Handbook of Entrepreneurship, Ch. 13, pp. 259-282 (with R. Amit and C. Zott).
  12. (2004) “Easter Island: Resource Depletion and Collapse” in Cutler J. Cleveland, ed. Encyclopedia of Energy (Elsevier)

Book Reviews:

  1. (1986) Review of “Market Structure and Foreign Trade” by Helpman and Krugman. Journal of Economic Literature, (June), pp. 713-715.
  2. (1987) Review of “The Economics of Intra-Industry Trade” by Greenaway and Milner. Journal of International Economics 23 (August) pp. 182-185.
  3. (1987) Review of “Trade, Industrial Policy, and International Competition” by Richard Harris. Canadian Public Policy v. 8 (June), pp. 243-244.
  4. (1988) Review of “Trade Wars” by John Conybeare. Journal of Economic Literature, v. 26 (December) pp. 1775-1776.
  5. (1993) Review of “Economic Analysis of Industrial Policy” by Motoshige Itoh, Kazaharu Kiyono, Masahiro Okuno-Fujiwara, and Kotaro Suzumura. Journal of Economic Literature 31 (June) pp. 917-918.
  6. (2002) Review of “The Skeptical Environmentalist” by Lomborg. Journal of Economic Literature
  7. (2003) Review of “A Beautiful Mind” – the book by S. Nasar and the movie directed by Ron Howard. Canadian Journal of Economics


  1. (2003) “Risk Capital in Canada: Breaking Down Barriers, Increasing Access”, Canadian Foundation for Investor Education.
  2. (2005) “The Equity Capital Program in British Columbia: An assessment of capital availability, program efficiency, and policy alternatives with Tony Boardman and Ed Egan (105 pp.), published by Leading Edge B.C., Vancouver, Canada.
  3. (2005) “Value Creation in Venture Capital: A Comparison of Exit Values across Canadian Provinces and U.S. state” by Thomas Hellmann, Edward Egan and James Brander (70 pp.) published by Leading Edge B.C., Vancouver, Canada.