REFEREED JOURNALS  (* indicates student author)

Beauchamp, M., Liu, Y., Ruissen*, G. R., Hulteen*, R. M., Rhodes, R. E., & Faulkner, G. (in press). Psychological mediators of exercise adherence among older adults in a group-based randomized trial. Health Psychology.

Liu, Y., Béliveau, A., Besche, H.C., Wu, D. A., Zhang, X. Y., Stefan, M., Gutlerner, J., & Kim, C. (in press). Bayesian mixed effects model and data visualization for understanding item response time and response order in open online assessment. Frontiers in Education: Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement. DOI: 10.3389/feduc.2020.607260

Liu, Y., Kim, C., Wu, A. D., Gustafson, P., Kroc, E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2020). Investigating the performance of propensity scores approaches for differential item functioning analysis. Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 18(1), eP2744.

Ruissen, G. R.*, Liu, Y., Schmader, T., Lubans, D. R., Harden, S. M., Wolf, S. A., Rhodes, R. E., Dunlop, W. L., Puterman, E., Zumbo, B.D., & Beauchamp, M. R. (in press). Effects of group-based exercise on flourishing and stigma consciousness among older adults: Findings from a randomized controlled trial. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being.

Feng, D.*, Liu, Y., Mazloomi, M.S.*, Limaye, A.*, Turner, M.*, Evans, P.D. (2020). A virtual reality system to augment teaching of wood structure and protection. International Wood Products Journal. (Note. This paper is highlighted in the article “NCI Virtual Reality technology unveils structures your wood not believe” by Australia’s National Super Computer Centre, NCI, March 31, 2020. URL:

Chen, M., Liu, Y., & Zumbo, B.D. (2019). A Propensity Score Method for Investigating Differential Item Functioning in Performance Assessment. Educational and Psychological Measurement.

Chen, M., Wu, A. D., & Liu, Y. (2019). Linking Test-Taking Process to Performance Through Mixed-Effects Regression Models: A Response Process–Based Validation Study. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment.

Anderson, D., Shimizu, H., Liu, Y., & Grover, R. (2019). Psychological Factors Influencing the Vividness and Affect of Visitors’ Recall of Nostalgic Life Memories in Museums. Current Psychology.

Bennett, E.V*., Hurd Clarke, L., Wolf, S., Dunlop, W.L., Harden, S.M., Liu, Y., Estabrooks, P.A., Rhodes, R. E., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2018). Older adults’ experiences of group-based physical activity: a qualitative study from the ‘GOAL’ randomized controlled trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 39, 184 – 192. org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.08.017

Pullman, A. *, Chen, M. *, Zou, D. *, Hives, B. *, & Liu, Y. (2018). Researching multiple publics through latent profile analysis: Similarities and differences in science and technology attitudes in China, Japan, South Korea and the United States. Public Understanding of Science, 1-16. doi: 10.1177/0963662518791902

Beauchamp, M. R., Ruissen, G.R., Dunlop, W. L., Estabrooks, P. A. Harden, S.,M, Wolf, S. A., Liu, Y., Schmader, T., Puterman, E., Sheel, A. W., & Rhodes, R.E., (2018). Group-based physical activity for older adults (GOAL) randomized controlled trial: Exercise adherence outcomes. Health Psychology, 37(5), 451-461.

Wu, A. D., Liu, Y. Stone, J. E., Zou, J., & Zumbo, B. D. (2017). Is Difference in Measurement Outcome between Groups Differential Responding, Bias or Disparity? A Methodology for Detecting Bias and Impact from an Attributional Stance. Frontiers in Education, Section: Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement, 2:39.

Liu, Y., Zumbo, B.D., Gustafson, P., Huang, Y., Kroc, E., & Wu, A.D. (2016). Investigating Causal DIF via Propensity Score Methods. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 21(13), 1-24. URL:

Cox, D., Bjornsen, A. L., Krieshok, T. S., & Liu, Y. (2016). Occupational Engagement and Academic Major Satisfaction: Vocational Identity’s Mediating Role. The Career Development Quarterly.

Wu, A. D., Stone, J. E., Liu, Y. (2016). Developing a Validity Argument through Abductive Reasoning with an Empirical Demonstration of the Latent Class Analysis. International Journal of Testing. DOI: 10.1080/15305058.2015.1057826

Zumbo, B.D., Liu, Y., Wu, A.D., Shear, B.R., Astivia, O.L.O. & Ark, T.K. (2015). A Methodology for Zumbo’s Third Generation DIF Analyses and the Ecology of Item Responding. Language Assessment Quarterly, 12(1), 136-151.

Bourne, J.*, Liu, Y., Shields, C. A., Jackson, B., Zumbo, B. D., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2015). The Relationship between Transformational Teaching and Adolescent Physical Activity: The Mediating Roles of Personal and Relational Efficacy Beliefs. Journal of Health Psychology, 20, 132-143.

Beauchamp, M. R., Harden, S.,M, Wolf, S. A., Rhodes, R. E., Liu, Y., Dunlop, W. L., Schmader, T., Sheel, A. W., Zumbo, B. D., Estabrooks, P. A. (2015). GrOup based physical Activity for oLder adults (GOAL) randomized controlled trial: Study protocol. BMC Public Health, 15 (295).

Liu,Y., Zumbo, B. D., & Wu, A. D. (2014). Relative Importance of Predictors in Multilevel Modeling, Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 13(1), 2-22. doi:

Beauchamp, M.R., Liu, Y, Morton, K.L., Martin, L. J., Wilson, A. H., Wilson, A. J., Sylvester, B. D., Zumbo, B. D., & Barling, J. (2014). Transformational teaching and adolescent physical activity: Multilevel and mediational effects. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 537-546. doi: 10.1007/s12529-013-9321-2

Wilson, J.*, Liu, Y., Keith, S. E., Wilson, A. H., Kermer, L. E., Zumbo, B. D., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2012). Transformational teaching and children psychological needs satisfaction, motivation, and engagement in elementary school physical education. Sport, Exercise & Performance Psychology, 1(4), 215-230.

Yiu, J.*, Miller, W., Eng, J., & Liu, Y. (2012). Longitudinal analysis of balance confidence in individuals with stroke using a multilevel model for change. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 26(8), 999-1006. 

Liu, Y., & Zumbo, B. D. (2012). Impact of outliers arising from unintended and unknowingly included subpopulations on the decisions about the number of factors in exploratory factor analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 72(3), 388-414. 

Liu, Y., Zumbo, B. D., & Wu, A. D. (2012). A Demonstration of the Impact of Outliers on the Decisions about the Number of Factors in Exploratory Factor Analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 72(2), 181-199.

Miller, L. D., Laye-Gindhu, A., Liu, Y., March, J. S., Thordarson, D. S., & Garland, E. J. (2011). Evaluation of a preventive intervention for child anxiety in two randomized attention-control school trials. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(5), 315-323.

Miller, L.D., Laye-Gindhu, A., Bennett, J., Liu Y., Gold, S., March, J., Olson, B., & Waechtler, V. (2011). An effectiveness study of a culturally enriched school-based CBT anxiety prevention program. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 40(4), 618-629.

Liu, Y., Wu, A. D., & Zumbo, B. D. (2010). The impact of outliers on Cronbach’s Coefficient Alpha estimate of reliability: Ordinal/Rating scale item responses. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70(1), 5-21.

Wu, A. D., Liu, Y., Gadermann A. M. & Zumbo, B. D. (2010). Multiple-indicator multilevel growth model: A solution to multiple methodological challenges. Social Indicators Research: International Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality of Life Measurement, 97, 123-142.

Marshall, S.K., Liu, Y., Wu, A., Berzonsky, M., & Adams, G.R. (2010). Perceived Mattering to Parents and Friends for University Students: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Adolescence, 33, 367–375. 

Liu, Y., & Zumbo, B. D. (2007). Documenting the impact of outliers on Cronbach’s Coefficient Alpha estimate of reliability: Visual analogue scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 67(4), 620-634. 

Liu, Y., Wu, A. D., & Zumbo, B. D. (2006). The relation between outside-of-school factors and mathematics achievement: A cross-country study among the U.S. and five top-performing Asian countries. Journal of Educational Research and Policy Studies, 6(1), 1-35.         


Wright, E., Hao, Q., Rasheed, K., & Liu, Y. (2018). Feature Selection and Classification of Post-Graduation Income of College Students in the United States. In: Thomson R., Dancy C., Hyder A., Bisgin H. (Eds.), Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling. SBP-BRiMS 2018. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10899. Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-93372-6_4

Hubley, A.M., Wu, A.D., Liu, Y., & Zumbo, B.D. (2017). Putting flesh on the psychometric bone: Making sense of IRT parameters in non-cognitive measures by investigating the social-cognitive aspects of the items. In B. D. Zumbo and A. M. Hubley (Eds.), Understanding and investigating response processes: Advances in validation research (pp. 69-91). New York, NY: Springer.

Zumbo, B.D., Liu, Y., Wu, A.D., Forer, B., & Shear, B.R. (2017). National and international educational achievement testing: A case of multi-level validation framed by the ecological model of item responding. In B. D. Zumbo and A. M. Hubley (Eds.), Understanding and investigating response processes: Advances in validation research (pp. 341-361). New York, NY: Springer.

Lyons-Thomas, J., Liu, Y. & Zumbo, B.D. (2014). Validation Practices in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences: A Synthesis of Syntheses. In Bruno D. Zumbo, and Eric K.H. Chan (Eds.), Validity and Validation in Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences (pp. 313-319). New York: Springer.

Zumbo, B.D., Wu, A.D., & Liu, Y. (2013). Measurement and Statistical Analysis Issues with Longitudinal Assessment Data. In Simon, M., Ercikan, K., & Rousseau, M. (Eds.), Improving Large Scale Education Assessment: Theory, Issues, and Practice, (pp.276-289). London: Routledge.


Liu, Y. (2013). Outliers. In Alex C. Michalos (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research.

Liu, Y. (2013). Mean square error of survey estimates. In Alex C. Michalos (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. 

Liu, Y. & Wu, A. (2013). Validity Issues of Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. In Alex C. Michalos (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research.


Feng, D., Liu, Y., Mazloomi, M.S., Limaye, A., Turner, M., Evans, P.D. (2020). A virtual reality system to augment teaching of wood structure and protection. In Proceedings 40th Canadian Wood Preservation Association Meeting (pp.18-19), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Smith, D., Hao, Q., Jagodzinski, F., Liu, Y., & Gupta, V. (2019). Quantifying the Effects of Prior Knowledge in Entry-Level Programming Courses. In Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Global Computing Education (CompEd ’19), (pp30-36). Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), New York, NY, USA. doi: 10.1145/3300115.3309503

Liu, Y., Wu, A. D., Park, M., & Kwan, E. (2018). Examining distractors in Multiple-Choice Questions for Classroom Assessments: Learning from Psychometrics. In Sorto M. A. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Teaching Statistics, C179. International Association for Statistical Education (IASE).

Liu, Y.,Besche, H.C., Béliveau, A., Zhang, X. Y., Kroc, E., Stefan, M., Gutlerner, J., & Kim, C. (2018). Challenges from Modeling Open Online Assessment Data. In Joint Statistics Meeting 2018 Proceedings, Social Statistics Section (pp. 1121-1131). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.