APSC 364 Applied Sustainability: UBC as a Living Lab
The role and function of common infrastructures, and the impact of various technological solutions on people, the economy, and the environment. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: Third-year standing.

APBI 361 Key Indicators of Agroecosystem Sustainability
A detailed exploration of biophysical, economic, and social ecosystem sustainability indicators for primary production subsystems. [1-0-3]

CONS 200 Foundations of Conservation
Conceptual foundations of conservation; means of conserving nature and natural resources. [3-0-0]

CONS 330 Conservation Science and Sustainability
Fundamental concepts in conservation science. Different philosophies, perspectives, and disciplines used in setting priorities for managing biodiversity at all scales. [3-2-0]  Prerequisite: One of BIOL 121, GEOG 102.

CONS 370 Aboriginal Forestry
Issues the may be encountered in professional natural resources work with or for Aboriginal communities and organization, including contemporary issues of Aboriginal rights and title, traditional uses, and self-government. [3-0-0]

CONS 486* Fish Conservation and Management (pre-req)
Principles of fish biology, population and community ecology necessary to understand conservation and management; overview of current issues, tactics and institutions involved with fisheries conservation and management. [2-3-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 386.

ECON 210* Macroeconomic Policy (pre-reqs)
A survey of policy issues, such as regulation, taxation, environmental and resource policy, health care, education and income distribution. May not be taken for credit by students with fourth-year standing.
Prerequisite: All of ECON 101, ECON 102.

ECON 371* Economics of the Environment (pre-reqs)
Economic analysis applied to various environmental issues, including sustainable development, quality of life, and environmental impacts of specific industrial and consumption activities. The design and implementation of government policies. Global environmental effects of human economic activity.
Prerequisite: All of ECON 101, ECON 102.

ENDS 221 Sustainability by Design
Introduction to interactions between human and natural urban systems using local and international examples of successful sustainable community designs. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-0-1]

ENDS 440 Environment and Urban Form
Relationships between, and integration of, the natural environment and the physical form, spatial structure, and livability of cities.

FRST 304 The Science Underlying Forestry Issues
Examination of current forestry issues with specific reference to their scientific basis. Not available for credit to undergraduate students in the Faculty of Forestry. [3-0-0]

FRST 415 Sustainable Forest Policy
The development, implementation, and analysis of forest policy. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing.

FRST 470 Forests and Society
Social aspects of forestry and forest communities. [3-0-1]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing.

GEOG 211* The State of the World (pre-req)
The demographic, economic, ecological, and technological factors that underlie current environmental challenges, considering their effects to date and their possible impact in the future.
Prerequisite: One of GEOB 102, GEOB 103. GEOG 121, GEOG 122 recommended. Second-year standing.

GEOG 310 Environment and Sustainability (6 cr of 1st yr sc)
Concepts of environment, resources and sustainability; the roles of physical and human geography in understanding the interaction of humans and the environment; introduction to management of environment-resource systems.
Prerequisite: One of GEOG 102, GEOB 102 and one of GEOG 103, GEOB 103. Or 6 credits in the Faculty of Science (BIOL, CHEM, EOSC, PHYS).

GEOG 312* Climate Change: Science and Society (pre-req)
Climates over the geological, historical and instrument periods. Theories of climatic change. Monitoring and modelling the climate system. Impacts of change on environmental and socio-economic systems.
Prerequisite: One of GEOG 102, GEOB 102, GEOG 200, GEOB 200, GEOG 204, GEOB 204, ATSC 201, EOSC 112. 3rd year standing.

GEOG 318 Sustainability in a Changing Environment
Biophysical and human causes of short- and long-term environmental change at various spatial scales, including measurement, interpretation, and policy.
Prerequisite: GEOG 310.

GEOG 423 Development of Environmental Thought
An examination of how attitudes toward human nature and non-human nature have changed from Mesolithic times to the present in Western society.
Prerequisite: GEOG 310.

HIST 104 Topics in World History: Understandings of Nature
The principles, implementation, and role of environmental impact assessment in environmental management, in Canada and internationally.
Prerequisite: GEOG 310.

HIST 106 Global Environmental History
The impact humans have had on the environment, and the ways in which the physical environment has shaped human history: climate, agriculture, energy use, and urbanization.

ISCI 360   Systems Approaches to Regional Sustainability
Application of systems science encompassing geological, hydrological, ecological, atmospheric sciences, and energy systems approaches to study regional sustainability. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Third-year or higher standing in the Faculty of Science.

ISCI 361   Field Course: Systems Approaches to Regional Sustainability (abroad through GoGlobal)
Systems science approaches encompassing geological, hydrological, ecological, atmospheric sciences, and energy systems to investigate a selected region of the world. Course location will vary; fee payable prior to field course.
Prerequisite: ISCI 360.

POLI 350A Public Policy
An introduction to public policy: rationales for government intervention, the influence of interest groups and political institutions on policy outcomes, and the various stages in the policy process.

POLI 351 Environmental Politics and Policy
Domestic and international determinants of environmental policy; alternative approaches to environmental protection. The sustainable development paradigm; public opinion and interest group pressures; risk assessment; mandatory, voluntary and market-based policy instruments.

SOCI 364* Built Environments (pre-req)
Physical, social, and economic aspects of built environments, including housing and community planning.
Prerequisite: One of SOCI 100, SOCI 200.

SOCI 430B Global Citizenship
Sociology approaches to global citizenship, including its contested nature and intellectual lineage.

SCIE 120  Topics in Sustainability Science (1cr)
Topics in sustainability, based on concepts introduced in first-year Science courses. [1-0-0]
Corequisite: One of BIOL 111, BIOL 121 and one of CHEM 111, CHEM 121. Restricted to students with first-year standing in Science.

WOOD 461 Globalization and Sustainability
Examination of globalization and its impact on sustainability, including social, economic, and environmental aspects. [3-1]
Prerequisite: At least third-year standing.