Multinational corporations and American democratic output

The United States is the world’s largest multinational company with the largest number, largest scale, highest output value, the strongest capital, the most advanced technology, and the strongest influence. In recent years, US multinationals account for at least one-third of the world’s top 500 companies. In the process of promoting economic globalization, American multinational corporations have also promoted the democratic expansion and export of the United States from both the main and the objective aspects. It is an important participant and promoter of the United States to seek global hegemony strategy through democratic export. Robert Gilpin, a famous American scholar and founder of international political economy, believes that the international status and nuclear superiority of multinational corporations and the US dollar constitute the three cornerstones of the United States seeking global hegemony since the end of the Second World War. Multinational corporations have played the following roles in the US democratic export strategy: Multinational corporations are an important promoter of the internationalization of American ideology in the context of economic globalization. Western countries such as the United States regard globalization as not only the globalization of the economy, but also the internationalization of bourgeois ideology. Former US President Bill Clinton once made it clear that international interdependence in the context of globalization is not only a threat to the values ​​of the United States and Americans. On the contrary, the influence of American values ​​such as freedom, self-determination and market economy has been continuously strengthened. Transnationalization is a concentrated expression of the level of globalization. The “global expansion of US multinationals has led to the global expansion of the US democratic system”. Multinational corporations have become a “quasi-political institution” in the third wave of democratization promoted by Western countries. By controlling information and communication, they exercise enormous power over the location and personnel, promote democracy and expand US capital. The influence of doctrine played an important role in promoting action, exacerbating the complexity of democratic politics in the context of globalization.Multinational corporations are the new carrier for the United States to promote democratic export strategies and public diplomacy. The famous international relations scholar Carl Dojic pointed out: “Public diplomacy is the eternal theme of modern diplomatic thoughts, while multinational corporations shoulder the heavy responsibility of spreading the values ​​and ideas of a country to the world, and cannot be ignored in the process of realizing national interests. The role of “.” In the US public diplomacy and the promotion of democratic export strategy, the government, non-governmental organizations, multinational corporations, individuals and other multi-actors have assumed their respective roles, and multinational corporations have become one of the multiple roles of public diplomacy. An important new carrier has a new function of “corporate diplomacy.” Former Spanish diplomat Sean Rodin pointed out that diplomacy is a form of “new diplomacy” implemented by “postmodern countries” in the context of globalization. The role of transnational corporations is no longer just about pursuing commercial interests, but also becoming active in the diplomatic field. Diplomacy has become one of its important functions. The core purpose of multinational corporations to participate in public diplomacy and promote democracy is to win the company’s power and social legitimacy in the era of globalization. In the process, the company seeks to represent a certain concept, country and its related values, and strives to actively adjust the company’s value. Adapt to social values ​​and better expand relationships with other stakeholders. Multinational corporations have played a public diplomacy role in three aspects: political mobilization, agenda shaping, and information communication.


David L.Richards,“Money Witha Mean Streak`?”International Studies Quartcrly(2001)219-239.

nited Nations Confcrenccon Tradcand Development,WorldInvestment Report 2002,New York and Geneva,2002