When looking at the INAC Map of First Nations in British Columbia above and the Treaty Negotiations in British Columbia map below, we can determine which First Nation communities may be directly impacted by a high speed rail within their territories. These maps show “the geographic location of the main community of each BC First Nation, as well as the major towns and cities in the province” (INAC, 2020).
The two routes have intersected treaty lands of the Coast Salish peoples, in particular route two beginning in North Vancouver will impact the Tsleil-waututh in Deep Cove (number 51) on the North Shore and the Squamish Nation (number 41) in the Sea to Sky corridor. It may also impact the In-SHUCK-ch Nation (number 19) north of Iron Bay. Route one beginning in West Vancouver may infringe on the Shishalh first nations or the Sechelt Indian Band (Number 39), the Musqueam Nation (number 31), the Katzie Indian Band (number 21), and the Squamish Nation (nubmber 41) in the Sea to Sky corridor and West Vancouver.
The high speed rail route beginning in Chilliwack will impact the first nation communities of the Stó:lō Xwexwilmexw Treaty Association (number 42), the Katzie Indian Band (Number 21), the Te’mexw Treaty Association (number 44), and the Hul’qumi’num Treaty Group Marine and Core (number 17B and 17A).
All of these groups would need to be consulted through an environmental assessment process by the Province of British Columbia, the Government of Canada, as well as by the proponent (Impact Assessment Act, 2020).