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What are OERs?

Assignment 2 asks the Emerging Market Teams to explore specific emerging markets and do the following:

  • Produce an open educational resource (OER) covering one of these emerging markets;
  • Deliver an engaging, interactive experience for the whole class using their OER; and
  • Publish a final OER enhanced by cohort response.

So, what is an OER?

The Creative Commons web site lists six definitions taken from well-known OER sources. They include:

The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

“OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.”

OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)

“digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences.”

The Cape Town Open Education Declaration

“[O]pen educational resources should be freely shared through open licences which facilitate use, revision, translation, improvement and sharing by anyone. Resources should be published in formats that facilitate both use and editing, and that accommodate a diversity of technical platforms. Whenever possible, they should also be available in formats that are accessible to people with disabilities and people who do not yet have access to the Internet.”

Wikipedia (Open Educational Resources)

“Open educational resources (OER) are learning materials that are freely available for use, remixing and redistribution.”

The Wikieducator OER Handbook

“The term “Open Educational Resource(s)” (OER) refers to educational resources (lesson plans, quizzes, syllabi, instructional modules, simulations, etc.) that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing.”

OER Commons

“Open Educational Resources are teaching and learning materials that you may freely use and reuse, without charge. OER often have a Creative Commons or GNU license that state specifically how the material may be used, reused, adapted, and shared.”

The Fours Rs

David Wiley of Brigham Young University has introduced a set of core principles for open content design that serve as a guide to the levels of “openness” that an OER can provide.

Principle Explanation
  • Reuse
  • The right to reuse the content in its unaltered / verbatim form
  • Revise
  • The right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself
  • Remix
  • The right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new
  • Redistribute
  • The right to make and share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others.

Some Examples of OER Sites

Connexions – http://cnx.org

OER Commons – http://www.oercommons.org/

OpenCourseWare Consortium – http://www.ocwconsortium.org

Open Educational Quality – http://oer-quality.org/

Wikiversity – http://en.wikiversity.org

Assignment #2

So, the intent of Assignment 2 is for you to produce a web-based, freely accessible, learning resource that explores an emerging technology market. It should be a Creative Commons-licensed open educational resource that uses an Attribution-ShareAlike license.

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