Pohlia nutans


Pohlia nutans is distributed across the Northern Hemisphere and is able to grow from sea-level all the way up to alpine elevations. It extends from North America southward to Mexico, although rarely seen there (). It is commonly found growing on mineral or humus soils as well as on rotting logs in sites that are somewhat shaded to sunny ().


Overall structure:

Pohlia nutans shoots

This species tends to form small and dense turfs. Although they can range in color from light to dark green, typically the upper part of the gametophyte is dark green while the lower part is a light green.





Pohlia nutans leaf

The leaves are spearhead-shaped and the margins are usually slightly denticulate near the apex. The larger upper leaves tend to be crowded near the tips of the shoots. A strong single costa ends at or near the leaf tips.


Pohlia nutans leaf near apexPohlia nutans leaf base


leaf near apex: note the toothed margins and the strong single costa.





leaf base




Pohlia nutans leaf cells



leaf cells near the costa







The stem of Pohlia nutans is often red near the top and darker in color near the bottom. The stems are rarely branching.


There can be few to many rhizoids, which are brown and found on the bottom of the stem.

Male gametophyte:

The antheridia are located in the axils of the upper leaves. Each axil houses a pair of antheridia.


Overall structure:

The sporophytes of this species are commonly present during the summer.


Pohlia nutans

The nodding sporangium is generally light red-brown in color and non-glossy.






Pohlia nutans capsule


sporangium with operculum





Pohlia nutans exothecial cells

exothecial cells





Pohlia nutans peristome teeth


peristome teeth







The seta, which range from 2-5 cm long, is typically red when young and becomes brown as it matures.

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