Scapania bolanderi



Scapania bolanderi lives on a variety of substrates including rotten logs, stumps, wet cliffs, soil near bodies of water, wet and boggy sites, or epiphytically on large cedars, hemlocks and Douglas fir trees. Scapania bolanderi is rarely found on soil.

Here is sharing the trunk of a tree with Lepidozia reptans and Hypnum circinale.




Overall Structure:



Scapania bolanderi shoots form tufts or turfs on the substratum.





Individual shoots are irregularly branched and stand erect.


Leaf Structure:


The lateral leaves are unequally bilobed with toothed margins.






Toothed leaf margin:







The leaves are succubously inserted with the lobule dorsal.






Ventral side of shoot – no underleaves!






Like other leafy liverworts, the leaf cells of Scapania bolanderi have chloroplasts, oil bodies, and trigones.




A closer peak:





Sporophytes emerge from the perianth.  Dehiscence occurs via four lines.