“Words mean more than what is set down on paper. It takes the human voice to infuse them with shades of deeper meaning.” ― Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
Reading Walter J. Ong’s Orality and Literacy over the past two weeks has been fascinating to say the least. As I get more to the heart of primary oral culture, it has become clear to me that a fundamental difference between oral cultures and typographic cultures is the significance of sound, rhythm, communication. Much like what Maya Angelou alludes to, there is a “magical potency” in the spoken, the sounded. In contrast, “deeply typographic cultures forget to think of words as primarily oral, as events…for them, words tend rather to be assimilated to things, ‘out there’ on a flat surface…for they are not actions, but are in a radical sense dead, though subject to dynamic resurrection” (Ong, 33).
In his Introduction, Ong discusses the age of “secondary orality” – telephones, radios, televisions, and the like – and I found myself doodling a cyclical image at the bottom of the page that goes from orality to chirography, to typography, and back to orality. It seems that the written word needs the spoken word and vise versa.
(Thanks to Maya Angelou for saying so clearly and beautifully what I have been struggling to articulate!)