Previous: Introduction to Infinite Sequences
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Previous: Introduction to Infinite Sequences
Next: Convergence of Infinite Sequences Example
Previous: Introduction to Infinite Sequences
Next: Convergence of Infinite Sequences Example
Our next task is to establish, given an infinite sequence, whether or not it converges. Knowing whether or not a given infinite sequence converges requires a definition of convergence.
Definition: Convergence of an Infinite Sequence |
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Suppose we are given an infinite sequence . This sequence has a limit L, if a_{n} approaches L as n approaches infinity. We write this as
Moreover, if the number L exists, it is referred to as the limit of the sequence and the sequence is convergent. A sequence that is not convergent is divergent. |
The above definition could be made more precise with a more careful definition of a limit, but this would go beyond the scope of what we need. But our definition provides us with a method for testing whether a given infinite sequence converges: if the limit
tends to a finite number, the sequence converges. Otherwise, it diverges.
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