1. Indigenous Culture and the Western Concept of Development


 This site reflects an article written by Imran Sabir which gives an insight into the Indigenous and the Western cultural concepts of development. The article first clearly explains the meaning of the key terms development and culture. It further suggested how development and culture would be defined by the Indigenous and westehe articles also outlined the problems associated with both type of development and possible solution. The effect of globalization and technological advancement in western societies were also looked at.

2. Defining People Differently: Claiming Space for Aboriginal Diversities In Contemporary Canada


 This article was written by Heather Norris Nicholson from Birkbeck College and published in London journal of Canadian Studies 16:2000/2001. Her academic paper looked at the relations of the culture, socio-economic status and politics of Canada’s Indigenous people and the people of the rest Canada over decade. This paper emphasized on the issues based on the following:

   • Conflict to Reconciliation and Healing;

   • Life-skills, Enterprise and the Language of Survival Economics;

  • The Languages of Restitution, Recovery and Cultural Autonomy

3. “Ideas for Cultural Videoconferencing in the Cairns Area (Northeastern Australia)”


 This are article was written in 2005 by Eric Miller,an American. In his article he discussed the roles that videoconferencing can play the cultural preservation of Aboriginals in the Cairns area of Australia. He stated that videoconferencing is a good way in which people across the globe can interact with Aboriginal people and become expose to their language.

4. Taking Ownership: Strengthening Indigenous Cultures and Languages through the Use of ICTs


 This article looked at the ways in which ICT can strengthen the indigenous culture and broadcast it to the rest of the world. The article clearly outlined areas in which technology helped the culture of the indigenous people. It also mentioned that ICT can have both negative and positive effects on indigenous people. However, the article mainly focused on the positive effects. Some of the points highlighted in the article include:

      • The integration of ICTs and indigenous cultures;

     • The use and the effect ICTs in indigenous communities;

     • The national policies and access initiatives of ICTs;

     • Technology as a vehicle to share knowledge across boundaries ;

    • Bilingual Indigenous Education and technology.



This article displays a brief overview of policies on the use of technology among indigenous people. These policies were developed by the UNESCO in June 2011. The policies clearly outlined recommendations that follow the guidelines of United National Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The article highlighted some major points which include the following:

     • The importance of indigenous knowledge;

     • The critique of the policy option;

     • The erosion of indigenous people’s culture by ICTs;

     • The reinforcement of indigenous culture and knowledge by ICTs;

     • Effective ways that ICTs can support indigenous education and culture.


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