Tag Archives: 10-k reports

Jaecheol Park’s PhD Proposal: Strategic Roles of AI and Mobile Management on Performance: Evidence from U.S. Public Firms

Jaecheol Park (2024) “Strategic Roles of AI and Mobile Management on Performance: Evidence from U.S. Public Firms”, Ph.D. Dissertation Proposal, University of British Columbia. https://jaecheol-park.github.io/

Supervisor: Gene Moo Lee

Supervisory Committee Members: J. Frank Li, Jiyong Park (Georgia)

The integration of emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and mobile IT into the workplace is transforming how businesses operate. Despite the increasing prevalence and importance of AI and mobile IT, there is limited research on how firms can strategically manage these technologies to achieve competitive advantage and enhance performance. This dissertation consists of two large-scale empirical studies on U.S. public firms, aiming to provide new theoretical and managerial insights into how firms can harness the power of these technologies to drive success.

The first chapter investigates the impact of mobile device management (MDM) on firm performance during the recent pandemic, highlighting the importance of MDM in digital resilience. Drawing on the resource-based view and a novel proprietary dataset from a global MDM provider for U.S. public firms, we find that firms with MDM have better financial performance during the pandemic, demonstrating greater resilience to the shock. Additionally, we explore the moderating role of external and internal factors, revealing that firms with high environmental munificence or those with low IT capabilities experience greater resilience effects from MDM. This study contributes to the work-from-home and hybrid work literature by emphasizing the business value of MDM and its crucial role in building digital resilience.

The second chapter investigates the effect of AI strategic orientation on firm performance with a dual lens on product and process orientation. We create a novel measure of AI orientation by employing a large language model to assess business descriptions in Form 10-K filings, and identify an increasing trend of AI disclosure among U.S. public firms. By dissecting firms’ AI disclosure into AI washing and AI (product and process) orientation, our long-difference analyses show that AI orientation significantly affects costs, sales, and market value but AI washing does not, showing the importance of strategic deployment of AI to create business value. Moreover, we find the heterogeneous effects between AI product and process orientation on performance. This study contributes to the recent AI management literature by providing the strategic role of AI orientation on firm performance.

The findings of the dissertation offer valuable insights for academics, practitioners, and policymakers seeking to understand and leverage these emerging technologies’ full potential. From an academic perspective, this dissertation contributes to the literature on the business value of IT and AI by empirically demonstrating the business value of MDM and AI strategies. From an industry perspective, this research provides actionable guidance for businesses looking to leverage the power of MDM and AI to achieve strategic goals and drive success in the digital age.

Development of Topic Trend Analysis Model for Industrial Intelligence using Public Data (J. Technology Innovation 2018)

Park, S., Lee, G. M., Kim, Y.-E., Seo, J. (2018). Development of Topic Trend Analysis Model for Industrial Intelligence using Public Data (in Korean)Journal of Technology Innovation, 26(4), 199-232.

  • Funded by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI)
  • Demo website: https://misr.sauder.ubc.ca/edgar_dashboard/
  • Presented at UKC (2017), KISTI (2017), WITS (2017), Rutgers Business School (2018)

There are increasing needs for understanding and fathoming of the business management environment through big data analysis at the industrial and corporative level. The research using the company disclosure information, which is comprehensively covering the business performance and the future plan of the company, is getting attention. However, there is limited research on developing applicable analytical models leveraging such corporate disclosure data due to its unstructured nature. This study proposes a text-mining-based analytical model for industrial and firm-level analyses using publicly available company disclosure data. Specifically, we apply LDA topic model and word2vec word embedding model on the U.S. SEC data from the publicly listed firms and analyze the trends of business topics at the industrial and corporate levels.

Using LDA topic modeling based on SEC EDGAR 10-K document, whole industrial management topics are figured out. For comparison of different pattern of industries’ topic trend, software and hardware industries are compared in recent 20 years. Also, the changes in management subject at the firm level are observed with a comparison of two companies in the software industry. The changes in topic trends provide a lens for identifying decreasing and growing management subjects at industrial and firm-level. Mapping companies and products(or services) based on dimension reduction after using word2vec word embedding model and principal component analysis of 10-K document at the firm level in the software industry, companies and products(services) that have similar management subjects are identified and also their changes in decades.

For suggesting a methodology to develop an analytical model based on public management data at the industrial and corporate level, there may be contributions in terms of making the ground of practical methodology to identifying changes of management subjects. However, there are required further researches to provide a microscopic analytical model with regard to the relation of technology management strategy between management performance in case of related to the various pattern of management topics as of frequent changes of management subject or their momentum. Also, more studies are needed for developing competitive context analysis model with product(service)-portfolios between firms.