Tag Archives: technology

On the Heterogeneity of Startup Tech Stacks

Schulte-Althoff, Matthias, Kai Schewina, Gene Moo Lee, Daniel Fuerstenau. “On the Heterogeneity of Startup Tech Stacks”. Working Paper [HICSS version]

  • Presented in HICSS 2020 (Maui, HI)
  • Previous title: On the Heterogeneity of Digital Infrastructure in Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

Digital infrastructure is the backbone on which digital startups realize business opportunities, and the homogeneity or heterogeneity of the technological base can have significant downstream impacts on business risks, inflexibilities, and growth barriers. On the nexus of digital entrepreneurship and infrastructure studies, we suggest a conception of startup digital infrastructure as organized in tech stacks; tech stacks contain individual technological elements that are combined in a single startup, while the way this is done will be inspired by shared templates within the ecosystem. Given that there is limited understanding of the heterogeneity (or homogeneity) of startup tech stacks, we use public registry datasets from StackShare and Crunchbase to identify common tech stacks of startups. Through our analysis, we identify ten commonly used startup tech stacks, which we use to measure and analyze the heterogeneity of startup tech stacks and its antecedents. OLS regression analysis shows that a startup’s technologies’ interrelatedness, its age, and investor funding are associated with the heterogeneity of startup tech stacks. The overall analysis suggests that while startups may make individual choices regarding technology usage, there could be underlying commonalities and imprinting effects across startups, exposing them to common risks in terms of their digital infrastructures. This could pose important implications for startups, investors, and society at large

Recommended Books on “How technology is changing the industry and society?”

Book Review Assignment:
  1. Read one of the following books during the course.
  2. Write a book review with the following questions:
    1. Why did you select this book?
    2. Write a brief summary of the book.
    3. What did you learn from this book? Did you get a new idea from this?
Recommended books on “How technology is changing the industry and society”
  1. Andrew McAfee and Erik Brynjolfsson (2017) Machine, Platform, Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future. Link: Norton
  2. Kartik Hosanagar (2019). A Human’s Guide to Machine Intelligence: How algorithms are shaping our lives and how we can stay in control. Link: Penguin Random House
  3. Cathy O’Neil (2016). Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data increases inequality and threatens democracy. Link: Penguin Random House
  4. Michael D. Smith and Rahul Telang (2016) Streaming, Sharing, Stealing: Big Data and the Future of Entertainment. Link: MIT Press.
  5. Ajay Agrawal, Joshua Gans, and Avi Goldfarb (2018) Prediction Machines: The Simple Economics of Artificial Intelligence. Link: Book website
  6. Anindya Ghose (2017). Tap: Unlocking the Mobile Economy. Link: MIT Press.
  7. Arun Sundararajan (2016) The Sharing Economy: The end of employment and the rise of crowd-based capitalism. Link: MIT Press
  8. Eric Topol (2019) Deep Medicine: How AI can make healthcare human again. Link: Basic Books.