A comparison of 4 TELEs

I decided to summarize the 4 TELEs in table format. This is what I came up with:

Below is a link to a PDF in case the above does not read well.
Module B synthesis

All methods noted in the table are based on constructivist learning theories. All methods aim to achieve a deeper understanding of complex phenomena or concept in math and/or science. I found that the use of technology for presentation of information was the same in each TELE, however, the degree to which technology was used for other things differed. For example, in the Jasper series (Anchored instruction), technology use was limited to presentation of information, whereas in WISE (SKI), MyWorld (LfU), and Chemland (T-GEM), it was also used for data evaluation, visualization of ideas and collaboration. The TELEs also differed in the degree of guidance or scaffolding that was provided as well as the provider of that scaffolding. For Jasper, the purpose was for generative learning, and thus minimal scaffolding would be provided (though this can be adjusted dependent on the preference of the teacher and experience of the students). In contrast, with MyWorld, the teacher provides guidance at each step and also provides explanations of relationships that were uncovered by students during the knowledge construction observation stage.  In Jasper, MyWorld, and Chemland scaffolding was provided by the teacher. However in the WISE projects, much of the scaffolding was provided by technology in combination with the teacher particularly for those groups that were struggling.

As for choosing a TELE, I think I would need to consider my students, their abilities, the goals of the course/learning objectives as well as the availability of these types of TELEs in my field. Given the medical context, I believe that anchored instruction would be my TELE of choice. This is because of my expectation of students at the medical school level would be that they could generate learning objectives on their own with minimal guidance. Also, important medical concepts can easily be presented in a meaningful complex problem, and this is the way they would encounter these concepts once they are in independent practice. This approach is very similar to problem based learning (PBL) which is already being used in most medical schools. The addition of video to represent information would also be more realistic than written information, which is how most PBL sessions are done at our centre.


  1. One of the largest hurdles our administration and educators faced when transitioning our school to center around PBL was many teachers believed that students would not be adequately prepared for university because the teaching methods found there are still very traditional. It was great to hear that most medical schools use PBL and I imagine this has probably been the case for a while?


    1. I think we have had PBL since at least early to mid 2000’s . . . I think PBL might have started in medicine through McMaster University, at least as far as I have been told. Being one of the earlier cohorts to go through PBL (back in 2003), personally, I found it challenging. We came from our undergraduate degrees, which were all didactic with some lab components, to doing small group work. None of us understood the theoretical background and nobody really explained it to us. But as we got used to it, I think it became more useful to us.

  2. Hi Momoe,

    I think you are on the spot about how the methods are constructivist methods and really builds on and scaffolds students in their learning. It’s interesting to hear that medical schools use PBLs. I guess the best way to learn to while solving a problem after all. Like you, I would most likely be an anchored-instruction educator as well.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *