Electing a President in Mongolia


Parties cannot spend more than T5bil (approx. C$3.5mil), candidates no more than T3bil. Individuals may donate up to T10mil (approx. C$7,000), corporations up to T50mil.

The public broadcaster provides free of charge time slots to candidates for election messages.

Campaigning ends at midnight starting the day before the election, i.e. there is no campaigning for the final 32 hrs. before polling stations open.

The Election

Mongolian voters, i.e. citizens over 18 years old, pick a presidential candidate directly. 1,900,487 voters are eligible to vote. They will identify themselves using biometric id cards which have been issued for the past three years and should be nearly universal by now. Voters vote in their place of residence.

Electronic vote counting machines will be in use again for this election, as they were for last year’s parliamentary election.

Highlights of Voting

The candidates must be at least 45 years old and only parties represented in parliament can nominate candidates.

A run-off election between the top two candidates (if there are more than two) is held if neither received a majority of votes (i.e. 50% + 1). The run-off is held two weeks after the first round.

At least 50% of registered voters must turn out to vote to validate the election. This is a requirement by polling station, not for the nationwide vote. If this 50% threshold is not reached at a given polling place, additional voting seven days after the first round by voters who had not voted in the first round will be added to the result of the first round.

See an earlier post for the timetable of the election.

About Julian Dierkes

Julian Dierkes is a sociologist by training (PhD Princeton Univ) and a Mongolist by choice and passion since around 2005. He teaches in the Master of Public Policy and Global Affairs at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. He toots @jdierkes@sciences.social.
This entry was posted in Democracy, Elections, Governance, Party Politics, Politics, Presidential 2013 and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to Electing a President in Mongolia

  1. Pingback: The Mongolian Presidency | Mongolia Today

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